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ID: 7008589
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Vienne (inhabited place)  Vienne (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 45 32 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 45.5333  decimal degrees
Long: 004 54 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 4.9000  decimal degrees

Note: Town along the Rhône River where it is joined by the Gère River. Capital of the Celtic tribe Allobroges and rival of Lyon in ancient times. Conquered by the Romans in 121 BCE, it became an important town of Roman Gaul. Late in the 9th century the town became part of the Holy Roman Empire. Vienne was the site of council held to suppress Knights Templars 1311-1312. The town was transferred to French sovereignty in 1450. Roman remains including a temple of Augustus and Livia, a theater, and an obelisk can still be seen; there is also a museum of Roman antiquities. There are three important medieval churches here, the largest being Saint-Maurice Cathedral, built in the 12th-15th centuries. Present-day Vienne is a marketing center for the agricultural produce of the Rhône River valley. Its industries include textiles, metallurgy, and footwear.

Names:
Vienne (preferred,C,V)
Vienna (H,V)  ............ ancient
Colonia Julia Viennensium (H,V)
Vienna Allobrogum (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of France (nation)  ........  France (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Rhône-Alpes (region (administrative division))  ............  Rhône-Alpes (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Vienne (inhabited place)  ................  Vienne (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Gaul (historical region)  ........  Gaul (historical region) (P)
Hierarchy of Gallia Narbonensis (province)  ............  Gallia Narbonensis (province) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Vienne (inhabited place)  ................  Vienne (inhabited place) (P,H) 121 BCE-275 CE

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was an Iron Age site; was a Gallo-Roman settlement
city (C)
port (C)
industrial center (C)
archaeological site (C)
capital (H)  ............  of Burgundy, 413-534 and 879-933; and of Viennois

Sources and Contributors:
Colonia Julia Viennensium..........  [VP]
............................................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Vienna..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 9506
.................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Vienna Allobrogum..........  [VP]
................................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Vienne..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Michel: Dictionnaire des Communes (1984)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 209
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1279
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 9506
..................  Michel: Dictionnaire des Communes (1984)
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 209
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1279
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 27 September 2004

 

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