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ID: 7008356
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7008356

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Besançon (inhabited place)  Besançon (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 47 14 56 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 47.2488  decimal degrees
Long: 006 01 05 E  degrees minutes   Long: 6.0182  decimal degrees

Note: Taken by Julius Caesar in 58 BCE; Roman ruins here include an arch of Marcus Aurelius, aqueduct, and amphitheater. It became a free imperial city in 1184; French since 1674. Besançon was fortified by the engineer Vauban in the 17th century. It is a center for the watch and clock industries.

Names:
Besançon (preferred,C,V)
Besancon (C,V)
Becoinson (C,V)
Bisontii (H,V)
Vesontio (H,V)  ............ ancient, chief town of Sequani Gauls
Visontio (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of France (nation)  ........  France (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté (first level subdivision)  ............  Bourgogne-Franche-Comté (first level subdivision) (P)
Hierarchy of Besançon (inhabited place)  ................  Besançon (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Flanders (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Flanders (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Besançon (inhabited place)  ............  Besançon (inhabited place)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Gaul (historical region)  ........  Gaul (historical region) (P)
Hierarchy of Gallia Belgica (province)  ............  Gallia Belgica (province) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Besançon (inhabited place)  ................  Besançon (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled since early Iron Age
city (C)
department capital (C)
commercial center (C)
industrial center (C)
educational center (C)
archiepiscopal see (C)  ............  since the 2nd century
archaeological site (C)
capital (H)  ............  of Franche-Comté, 1676
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Becoinson..........  [VP]
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Besançon..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 165
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 26
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 141
Besancon..........  [GRLPSC]
.................  GRI Photo Study, Authority File (1989)
Bisontii..........  [VP]
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 13787
Vesontio..........  [VP]
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 13787
.................  MacKendrick, Roman France (1971) 253
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 359
Visontio..........  [VP]
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 13787
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 165
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 13787
..................  GRI Photo Study, Authority File (1989)
..................  MacKendrick, Roman France (1971) 253
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1412198
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 26
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 359
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 141
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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