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ID: 7008337
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Orléans (inhabited place)  Orléans (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 47 54 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 47.9000  decimal degrees
Long: 001 54 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 1.9000  decimal degrees

Note: Orléans is the capital of Loiret department and the Centre region in north-central France. Orléans was conquered by Julius Caesar in 52 BCE; many Roman ruins have been found here. It was the most important city in France after Paris during the 10th and 11th centuries and it was the center of the royal duchy established by Philip VI in 1344. Orléans was one of the pilgrimage sites on route to the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, home of the shrine dedicated to Saint James, the patron saint of Spain. The symbol of Saint James, the scalloped shell, became the primary symbol representing pilgrims. French pilgrimage routes to Compostela tend to follow old Roman roads, many of which continued to be utilized as primary roads of communication during the Middle Ages. Orléans is known as the city that was saved by the heroine Joan of Arc. An equestrian statue of Joan of Arc in the center of town and the large Gothic-style Cathedral of Sainte-Croix are historic landmarks. Modern Orléans is a center for gardening and horticulture; it is particularly known for its roses. Other industries in Orléans include textiles, food processing, machinery manufacturing, and electrical engineering.

Names:
Orléans (preferred,C,V)
Orléons (C,V)
Orleans (C,V)
Aurelianum (H,V)  ............ ancient
Genabum (H,V)
Aurelianense palatium (H,O)
Auriliana civitas (H,O)
Avrilanis civitas (H,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of France (nation)  ........  France (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Centre (region (administrative division))  ............  Centre (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Orléans (inhabited place)  ................  Orléans (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was a market center for Celtic Carnutes
city (C)
department capital (C)
transportation center (C)
educational center (C)
industrial center (C)
cultural center (H)  ............  under Charlemagne, 800-814
market center (H)

Sources and Contributors:
Aurelianense palatium..........  [VP]
......................................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 35
Aurelianum..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 35
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 900
Auriliana civitas..........  [VP]
................................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 35
Avrilanis civitas..........  [VP]
................................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 35
Genabum..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 694
Orléans..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII, 1002
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 146
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Orleans..........  [GRLPSC]
.................  Van Marle, Pittura Italiana (1932)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Orléons..........  [GRLPSC]
.................  GRI Photo Study, Authority File (1989)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 694
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII, 1002
..................  GRI Photo Study, Authority File (1989)
..................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 35
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 146
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Van Marle, Pittura Italiana (1932)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 900
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 9 July 2003
..........  Shaver-Crandell and Gerson, Pilgrim's Guide to Santiago de Compostela (1995) 259

 

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