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ID: 7008233
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Pamplona (inhabited place)  Pamplona (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 42 49 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 42.8167  decimal degrees
Long: 001 38 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -1.6333  decimal degrees

Note: Pamplona was one of the pilgrimage sites on route to the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, home of the shrine dedicated to Saint James, the patron saint of Spain. The symbol of Saint James, the scalloped shell, became the primary symbol representing pilgrims. Various pilgrimage routes in the autonomous communities of Aragon, Navarre, and León correspond to old Roman roads built in the northern portion of the Iberian Peninsula. It became the strongest fortified town of northern Spain after Philip II of Spain constructed the citadel of 1571. Pamplona is famous for the running of the bulls in the city streets during the Fiesta de San Fermín. Pamplona is located in an irrigated region that produces cereal and manufactures chemicals, liquor, and paper. Historic sites in Pamplona include the Catheral of Santa María, the Church of San Cernín, the parish Church of San Nicolás, and Hospital of San Miguel.

Names:
Pamplona (preferred,C,V,Spanish,U)
Iruña (NA,V)
Banbalūnah (H,V)  ............ Moorish
Pampeluna (H,V)
Pompaelo (H,V)  ............ ancient
Pompeiopolis (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Spain (nation)  ........  Spain (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Navarre (autonomous community)  ............  Navarre (autonomous community) (P)
Hierarchy of Navarra (province)  ................  Navarra (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Pamplona (inhabited place)  ....................  Pamplona (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded by Roman general Pompey as military settlement 75 BC
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
educational center (C)  ............  University of Navarra established 1952
manufacturing center (C)
agricultural center (C)
capital (H)  ............  of kingdom of Navarre early 11th cen.-1841
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Banbalūnah..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 101
Iruña..........  [VP]
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Pampeluna..........  [GRLPSC]
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Pamplona..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 101
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 149
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Pompaelo..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12577
Pompeiopolis..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 101
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 101
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12577
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -395308
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 149
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 2 June 2003
..........  Shaver-Crandell and Gerson, Pilgrim's Guide to Santiago de Compostela (1995) 263-267

 

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