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ID: 7008165
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Northumberland (county)  Northumberland (county)

Coordinates:
Lat: 55 15 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 55.2500  decimal degrees
Long: 002 00 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -2.0000  decimal degrees

Note: County in the extreme NE of England with an area of 5031 sq km (1,943 sq miles); it is comprised of coastal plains, rugged hills, and moors. It was ruled by Romans from 122 until Saxons came into power in the 6th century. In Anglo-Saxon times the territory of the kingdom and tribe of the Northymbre (meaning "those living north of the River Humber") was much larger than the present county. Northumberland is the site of long time Scottish-English border disputes. Coal, glass, iron and shipbuilding center since the 19th century but these industries have declined and the county's economy now depends on tourism and light industry. Northumberland is divided into six districts; Morpeth is the county town.

Names:
Northumberland (preferred,C,V,English,U)
Nthumb (C,V)  ............ abbreviation
Northum (C,V)  ............ abbreviation
Northd (C,V)  ............ abbreviation
NBL (C,V)  ............ abbreviation
County of Northumberland (NA,V,English,U)
Northumberland, County of (NA,V,English,U)
UKJ6 (NA,V,FIPS,English,U)
Norhumberland (H,V)  ............ documented 1130

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of England (country)  ............  England (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Northumberland (county)  ................  Northumberland (county) (P)

Place Types:
county (preferred, C)
second level subdivision (C)
industrial center (C)
agricultural land (C)
first level subdivision (C)

Sources and Contributors:
County of Northumberland..........  [VP]
.........................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
NBL..........  [VP]
...........  Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Norhumberland..........  [VP]
..........................  Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (1998)
Northd..........  [VP]
.................  Royal Mail: PAF Digest [online] (2002) accessed 16 Dec 2002
Northum..........  [VP]
.................  Gazetteer of Great Britain (1999) xviii
Northumberland..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.............................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.............................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1976)
.............................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII, 793
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.............................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Northumberland, County of..........  [VP]
............................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Nthumb..........  [VP]
.................  BIAB Online (1999-2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002
.................  UK Counties and Regions Abbreviations [online] (1997-1998) accessed 16 Dec 2002
UKJ6..........  [VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  BIAB Online (1999-2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1976)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII, 793
..................  Gazetteer of Great Britain (1999) xviii
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2604404
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (1998)
..................  Royal Mail: PAF Digest [online] (2002) accessed 16 Dec 2002
..................  UK Counties and Regions Abbreviations [online] (1997-1998) accessed 16 Dec 2002
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Macmillan Encyclopedia 2001 (2000)
..........  Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (1998)

 

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