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ID: 7008143
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Herefordshire (unitary authority)  Herefordshire (unitary authority)

Coordinates:
Lat: 52 09 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 52.1500  decimal degrees
Long: 002 30 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -2.5000  decimal degrees

Note: A unitary authority and historic county of England. It extends from Welsh border in the west to industrial midlands in the east and has an area of 2180 sq km (842 sq mi). Under local government reorganization in 1974 it became part of Hereford and Worcester but in 1998 it was reinstated as independent. The historic county includes three small areas outside the current unitary authority. One, just south of Ludlow, is in the South Shropshire district of the administrative county of Shropshire and the other two are in the Malvern Hills district of the administrative county of Worcestershire (one is the area between Leigh Sinton and Acton Green and other is the parish of Stoke Bliss). Conversely, the unitary authority includes three small areas that are part of the historic county of Worcestershire: the parishes of Edvin Loach and Acton Beauchamp and an area including West Malvern and Mathon. Herefordshire is predominantly agricultural and is known for its hop production (surpassed only by Kent), pear and apple orchards, and the famous Hereford breed of cattle. The chief river is the Wye and the administrative center is Hereford. There are several notable prehistoric sites here, including Sutton Walls, Croft Ambrey, Herefordshire Beacon, and Leintwardine. Ruined 12th-century Norman fortresses still stand at Wilton, Goodrich, and Pembridge. The Herefordshire school of Romanesque architecture is exemplified in Kilpeck's Church of St. Mary and St. David and the 13th-century Treago is a notable fortified mansion. Other notable architecture includes the Cistercian Abbey Dore and Hereford Cathedral. The county supported the Yorkist cause during the War of the Roses and was royalist during the Civil Wars of the 17th century.

Names:
Herefordshire (preferred,C,V,English,U)
Herefordshire, County of (C,V,English,U)
Heref (C,V)  ............ abbreviation
HEF (C,V)  ............ abbreviation
County of Herefordshire (NA,V,English,U)
Hereford (NA,V,English,U)
UKF7 (NA,V,FIPS,English,U)
Herrefordshire (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of England (country)  ............  England (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Herefordshire (unitary authority)  ................  Herefordshire (unitary authority) (P)

Place Types:
unitary authority (preferred, C)  ............  since April 1998
second level subdivision (C)
agricultural center (C)
county (H)
first level subdivision (C)

Sources and Contributors:
County of Herefordshire..........  [VP]
.........................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
HEF..........  [VP]
...........  Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Heref..........  [VP]
..............  Gazetteer of Great Britain (1999) xvii
Hereford..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Herefordshire..........  [VP Preferred]
..........................  Gazetteer of Great Britain (1999) xvii
..........................  Herefordshire Council web site
..........................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..........................  UK National Statistics [online] (2001)
Herefordshire, County of..........  [VP]
.........................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.........................................  UK National Statistics [online] (2001)
Herrefordshire..........  [VP]
.............................  Domesday Book (1985) 128
UKF7..........  [VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
..................  Domesday Book (1985) 128
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1976)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 870
..................  Gazetteer of Great Britain (1999) xvii
..................  Herefordshire Council web site
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2598551
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  UK National Statistics [online] (2001)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 17 Dec 2002
..........  Macmillan Encyclopedia 2001 (2000)

 

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