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ID: 7008127
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Durham (county)  Durham (county)

Coordinates:
Lat: 54 40 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 54.6667  decimal degrees
Long: 001 45 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -1.7500  decimal degrees

Note: Administrative, geographic, and historic county in northeastern England on the North Sea coast. It comprises two upland regions, lowlands of Wear valley, and limestone plateaus. The administrative county comprises seven districts: Chester-le-Street, Derwentside, the city of Durham, Easington, the borough of Sedgefield, Teesdale, and Wear Valley. The geographic county includes the entire administrative county, the unitary authorities of Darlington and Hartlepool, and the part of the unitary authority of Stockton-on-Tees (including the historic core of Stockton) north of the River Tees. The historic county includes the entire geographic county except for the part of the Teesdale district south of the River Tees, which belongs to the historic county of Yorkshire. The metropolitan boroughs of Gateshead, South Tyneside, and Sunderland in the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear also belong to the historic county of Durham. The region was inhabited by agricultural peoples from Neolithic times through the Iron Age. Durham was incorporated into the Saxon kingdom of Northumbria during the 6th century. The region became important economically when it became a center for coal-mining and other heavy industry in the 19th century. Durham county was the site of the world's first passenger railway, which began running between Stockton and Darlington in 1825. The county suffered economic depression between World Wars I and II.

Names:
Durham (preferred,C,V,English,U)
County Durham (C,V,English,U)
Co Durham (C,V)  ............ abbreviation
Dur (C,V)  ............ abbreviation
DUR (C,V)  ............ abbreviation
Durham, County (NA,V,English,U)
UKD8 (NA,V,FIPS,English,U)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of England (country)  ............  England (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Durham (county)  ................  Durham (county) (P)

Place Types:
county (preferred, C)
second level subdivision (C)
industrial center (C)
first level subdivision (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Co Durham..........  [VP]
....................  Royal Mail: PAF Digest [online] (2002) accessed 16 Dec 2002
County Durham..........  [VP]
..........................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..........................  Royal Mail: PAF Digest [online] (2002) accessed 16 Dec 2002
Dur..........  [VP]
...........  BIAB Online (1999-2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002
DUR..........  [VP]
...........  Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Durham..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1976)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 291
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 59
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Durham, County..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
UKD8..........  [VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
..................  BIAB Online (1999-2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002
..................  Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1976)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 291
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2594982
..................  Royal Mail: PAF Digest [online] (2002) accessed 16 Dec 2002
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 59
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 17 Dec 2002

 

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