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ID: 7008119
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Colmar (inhabited place)  Colmar (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 48 05 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 48.0833  decimal degrees
Long: 007 21 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 7.3500  decimal degrees

Note: Colmar is the capital of the department of Haut-Rhin. It is first mentioned in chronicle of the Saxon wars of Charlemagne (800-814). In 1226 Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II accorded it the status of an imperial town, and walls were built surrounding it. Rudolph of Hapsburg granted it civil rights in 1278. Sweden occupied it in 1632 during the Thirty Years War. Louis XIII of France took it under his protection in 1635, and then France gradually annexed it over the years 1648-1678. Germany and France alternately took possession of the town between 1871 and 1945, since when it has been part of France. The town is known for its fountains, churches, and Alsatian Renaissance buildings, and the Musée Unterlinden houses the famous Isenheim Altarpiece by Matthias Grünewald. It is the birthplace of Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi, the creator of the Statue of Liberty.

Names:
Colmar (preferred,C,V)
Kolmar (C,V)
Columbaria (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of France (nation)  ........  France (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Alsace (region (administrative division))  ............  Alsace (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Haut-Rhin (department)  ................  Haut-Rhin (department) (P)
Hierarchy of Colmar (inhabited place)  ....................  Colmar (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Alsace (historical region)  ........  Alsace (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Colmar (inhabited place)  ............  Colmar (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  documented since time of Charlemagne
town (C)
department capital (C)
commune (administrative) (C)
industrial center (C)
tourist center (C)
trade center (C)
imperial city (H)  ............  1226
monastic center (H)  ............  13th-cen. Dominican convent is now a museum

Sources and Contributors:
Colmar..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 459
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 48
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 277
Columbaria..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 195
Kolmar..........  [GRLPSC]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 195
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 459
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 48
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 277
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  New Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) vol. 3

 

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