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ID: 7006952
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Amsterdam (inhabited place)  Amsterdam (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 52 21 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 52.3500  decimal degrees
Long: 004 55 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 4.9167  decimal degrees

Note: Located on over 90 islands in the IJ arm of the IJsselmeer. Early inhabitants built dikes on both sides of the Amstel River to prevent flooding, and a dam was built between the dikes in 1270. Chartered in 1306. Became affluent in the15th century due to trade with Baltic seaports, and was the financial center of the world by 17th century. United Dutch East India Company was founded in 1602, followed by the West India Company in 1621. Capital of the Batavian Republic under Napoleon, later of the kingdom of Holland, and became part of the French Empire in 1810. Under German occupation from 1940-1945. Center of the world's diamond trade.

Names:
Amsterdam (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Amsterdam (Dutch-P,U,N)
Amsteadamum (H,O)
Amstel-dam (H,V)  ............ documented in 13th cen., meaning "dam on the Amstel [river]"
Amsteldam (H,V)
Amstelledamme (H,V)  ............ earliest form of the name, 13th cen.
Amstelodamum (H,O)
Amstelredamense oppidum (H,O)
Amstelredamum (H,O)
Amsterodamum (H,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Netherlands (nation)  ........  Netherlands (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of North Holland (province)  ............  North Holland (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Amsterdam (inhabited place)  ................  Amsterdam (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  there possibly was a Roman settlement in the area; modern town probably originated as a fishing village in 13th century
city (C)
capital (C)  ............  nominal capital of The Netherlands, though government is located in s'-Gravenhage
port (C)
national capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Amsteadamum..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 18
Amstel-dam..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 357
Amsteldam..........  [VP]
....................  Knopf Guides, Amsterdam (1993) 28
Amstelledamme..........  [VP]
..........................  Knopf Guides, Amsterdam (1993) 28
Amstelodamum..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 18
Amstelredamense oppidum..........  [VP]
.........................................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 18
Amstelredamum..........  [VP]
..........................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 18
Amsterdam..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:30
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 1:357-358
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 12
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Amsterodamum..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 18
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 30; 1:30
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 357; I, 357-358; 1:357-358
..................  Knopf Guides, Amsterdam (1993) 28
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2140479
..................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 18
..................  Phaidon Art Guide: Holland (1987) 18
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 12
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 46
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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