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ID: 7005556
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7005556

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Jamaica (nation)  Jamaica (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 18 15 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 18.2500  decimal degrees
Long: 077 30 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -77.5000  decimal degrees

Note: Comprises island of the same name and surround islets; originally inhabited by Arawaks, who migrated from other islands ca. 700 CE; Spanish colonized 16th century, brought West Africans as slaves for sugar plantations 17th century; British acquired area 1670; Maroons (organized runaway slaves) rebelled 17th-18th centuries; official language is English, though a Jamaican English creole, Spanish, French and African languages are also spoken.

Names:
Jamaica (preferred,C,V,O,English-P,U,N)
Jamaica (Spanish-P,U,N)
Jamaïque (C,O,French-P,U,N)
Jamaika (C,O)
Giamaica (C,O)
Ямайка (C,O,Russian-P,U)
牙买加 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
جاما كٍا (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
JAM (C,O,ISO3L)
JM (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO388 (C,O,ISO3N)
JM00 (C,O,FIPS)
Xaimaca (H,V)  ............ Arawak, meaning "land of the springs"
Jamaican (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Jamaica (nation)  ........  Jamaica (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of British West Indies (general region)  ....  British West Indies (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Jamaica (nation)  ........  Jamaica (nation) (P,H)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  self-governing since 1944, gained independence from Britain August 6, 1962
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
constitutional monarchy (C)
island nation (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Kingston .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, North and Central America, Jamaica, Surrey, Kingston) [1016870]
distinguished from ....  Jamaica .......... (island)
..................................  (World, North and Central America, Jamaica) [7030371]
member of ....  Commonwealth of Nations .......... (association)
................  (World) [7005615]
................  joined association in 1962
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1962

Sources and Contributors:
Ямайка..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
牙买加..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
جاما كٍا..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Giamaica..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 223
ISO388..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 16
JAM..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 780
Jamaica..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 636
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 116
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 60
Jamaican..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 19
Jamaika..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1143
Jamaïque..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 274
JM..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 16
JM00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
Xaimaca..........  [VP]
.................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 304
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 636
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 304
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 274
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1143
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 223
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 16
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 780
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 116
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 60
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 19
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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