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ID: 7002857
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Beirut (inhabited place)  Beirut (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 33 52 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 33.8667  decimal degrees
Long: 035 30 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 35.5000  decimal degrees

Note: Ruled by Romans until capture of Syria by Arabs in 635; taken for kingdom of Jerusalem by Baldwin I in 1110; taken by Saracens in 1291; ruled by Druses but belonged to Ottoman Empire; went to Egypt, then to British & French for Turks 1840, to French 1918.

Names:
Bayrūt (preferred,C,V)
Bayrut (C,V)
Beirut (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Beyrouth (C,O)
Berytus (H,O)  ............ ancient
Berytos (H,O)
Beyrut (H,O)
Colonia Iulia Augusta Felix Berytus (H,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Lebanon (nation)  ........  Lebanon (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Bayrūt (governorate)  ............  Bayrūt (governorate) (P)
Hierarchy of Beirut (inhabited place)  ................  Beirut (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was very ancient city, including Canaanite settlement in 3rd mill. BC, then Phoenician settlement, then Hellenistic
city (C)
national capital (C)  ............  since 1920
regional capital (C)
port (C)
financial center (C)
commercial center (C)
transportation center (C)
educational center (C)
trade center (C)  ............  since 1500 BC
religious center (C)
refugee center (C)  ............  for Palestinians in late 20th cen., site of unrest between Muslims & Christians & Israeli forces

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Lebanon .......... (nation)
..................  (World, Asia) [1000126]

Sources and Contributors:
Bayrūt..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Bayrut..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 88
Beirut..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Beirut's Rubble, New York Times (1997)
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 129
Berytos..........  [VP]
.................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Berytus..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8676
.................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Beyrouth..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 27
Beyrut..........  [VP]
.................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Colonia Iulia Augusta Felix Berytus..........  [VP]
...........................................................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  Beirut's Rubble, New York Times (1997)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 88
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8676
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 27
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 129
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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