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ID: 7002205
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7002205

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Takht-e Jamshīd (deserted settlement)  Takht-e Jamshīd (deserted settlement)

Coordinates:
Lat: 29 56 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 29.9333  decimal degrees
Long: 052 53 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 52.8833  decimal degrees

Note: Takht-e Jamshid or Persepolis was the ancient capital of the Achaemenian kings of Persia. Although archeological findings indicate prehistoric settlements, inscriptions claim the city was built during the reign of Darius I (reg 522-486 BCE), who replaced Pasargadae with Persepolis as the capital. The city and castle of Xerxes I, Darius's son, (reg 485-465 BCE), was destroyed by Alexander the Great. In 316 BCE, Persepolis became the capital of Persis, a Macedonian empire, and then began to decline during the Seleucid period (312-64 BCE). By the 3rd century CE, the neaby city of Istakhr became the center of the Sasanian empire. Investigation of Persepolis' ruins began in 1618 by García Silva Figueroa, a Spanish ambassador to Persia who found references of the ancient city in the works by Quintus Curtius, Diodorus and Plutarch. In 1626, Englishman Thomas Herbert, published the first engraving of the ruins. Archaeological excavations at the site commenced in 1931 under Ernst Herzfeld and Erich Schmidt of the University of Chicago from 1931-1939, and through 1979 by Îrānian archaeologists.

Names:
Takht-e Jamshīd (preferred,C,V,display)
Takht-e Jamshid (C,V)
Takht I Jamshid (C,V)
Takht I Dschemschid (C,O)
Persepolis (H,O)
Parsa (H,O)
تخت جمشید (C,V,Persian-Farsi,U)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ........  Iran (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Fārs (province)  ............  Fārs (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Takht-e Jamshīd (deserted settlement)  ................  Takht-e Jamshīd (deserted settlement) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Persia (historical region)  ........  Persia (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Takht-e Jamshīd (deserted settlement)  ............  Takht-e Jamshīd (deserted settlement) (P,H)

Place Types:
deserted settlement (preferred, C)  ............  was an ancient center
World Heritage Site (C)
inhabited place (H)
royal residence (C)
archaeological site (C)
capital (H)

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Achaemenid Empire .......... (former nation/state/empire)
..................  (World, Asia) [6000039]

Sources and Contributors:
تخت جمشید..........  [VP]
....................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 1 November 2017
Parsa..........  [VP]
..............  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Persepolis..........  [BHA, GRLPSC]
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  Petit Robert II, Noms (1989)
.......................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Takht-e Jamshīd..........  [VP Preferred]
.............................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Takht-e Jamshid..........  [VP]
.............................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 189
Takht I Dschemschid..........  [VP]
...................................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Takht I Jamshid..........  [VP]
.............................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Petit Robert II, Noms (1989)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 189
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996) 906-907
..........  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 1 July 2003
..........  Historical Atlas of Iran (1971) map,6

 

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