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ID: 7001658
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Eritrea (nation)  Eritrea (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 15 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 15.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 039 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 39.0000  decimal degrees

Note: The area was part of the ancient Ethiopian kingdom of Axum before the 7th century, and was claimed by Ottomans in the 16th century. In the 19th century it was claimed by Egypt and Italy. From the 1960s, it was part of the modern nation of Ethiopia from, but secessionists fought for independence. Major languages include Arabic, Italian, Tigrinya, Tigre, Saho, and Danakili.

Names:
Iritriyā (preferred,C,V,Arabic (transliterated)-P,U)
Dawlat Iritriyā (C,V,O,Arabic (transliterated),U)
Iertra (C,V,Tigrinya (transliterated)-P,U)
Hagere Iertra (C,V,O,Tigrinya (transliterated),U)
Iertra, Hagere (C,V,Tigrinya (transliterated),U)
Ērtra, Hagere (C,V,Tigrinya (transliterated),U)
Eritrea (C,V,English-P,U,N)  ............ name first used by the Italians in 19th cen., refers to Roman term for Red Sea, "Mare Erythaeum"; UN Official formal name
Eritrea (Spanish-P,U,N)
State of Eritrea (C,V,O,English,U,N)  ............ National Official formal name
Eritrea, State of (C,V,English,U,N)
Irītrīyā (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
Dawlat Irītrīyā (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
Ērtra (C,V,Tigrinya (transliterated),U)
Ertra (C,V)
Ēritra (C,V)
Érythrée (C,O,French-P,U,N)
État d'Érythrée, l' (C,O,French,U)
Erithrea (C,O)
Erythraea (C,O)
Erythraia (C,O)
ኤርትራ (C,V,Tigrinya-P,U)
ሃገረ ኤርትራ (C,V,O,Tigrinya,U)
Эритрея (C,O,Russian-P,U)
厄立特里亚 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
إرًتريا (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
ERI (C,O)
ER (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO232 (C,O,ISO3N)
ER00 (C,O,FIPS)
Eritrean (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Africa (continent)  ....  Africa (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Eritrea (nation)  ........  Eritrea (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  gained independence from Ityopiya on May 24, 1993
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
region (administrative division) (H)  ............  joined Ethiopia in 1962, gained independence in 1993

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Āsmera .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Africa, Eritrea, Asmara) [1089719]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1993

Sources and Contributors:
Dawlat Irītrīyā..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 15 June 2009
Dawlat Iritriyā..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
ER..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 14
ER00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 04/07/99
ERI..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Newsletter (1993) 1993-07-16, III-56
Erithrea..........  [VP]
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 15 June 2009
Ēritra..........  [VP]
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 15 June 2009
Eritrea..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Africa, Los Angeles Times (1993)
.................  African Horn, National Geographic (1993) 98
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 603
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 279
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 544
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-30
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) corrigendum, 25 June 1993, for page 50
Eritrean..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 13
Eritrea, State of..........  [VP]
................................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 15 June 2009
Ērtra..........  [VP]
..............  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 196
Ertra..........  [VP]
..............  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-85
Ērtra, Hagere..........  [VP]
..........................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-)
Erythraea..........  [VP]
....................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 15 June 2009
Erythraia..........  [VP]
....................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 15 June 2009
Érythrée..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) corrigendum, June 25, 1993
État d'Érythrée, l'..........  [VP]
...................................  ISO Newsletter VI-13 (2012)
Hagere Iertra..........  [VP]
..........................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Iertra..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Iertra, Hagere..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 15 June 2009
Irītrīyā..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 15 June 2009
Iritriyā..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
ISO232..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 14
State of Eritrea..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 15 June 2009
ኤርትራ..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
ሃገረ ኤርትራ..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Эритрея..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
厄立特里亚..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
إرًتريا..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Africa, Los Angeles Times (1993)
..................  African Horn, National Geographic (1993) 98
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 603
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 196
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 279
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 544
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 14
..................  ISO Newsletter (1993) 1993-07-16, III-56
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 04/07/99
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-85
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-30
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) corrigendum, 25 June 1993, for page 50; corrigendum, June 25, 1993
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 13
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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