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ID: 7001188
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Alexandria (inhabited place)  Alexandria (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 31 12 56 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 31.2156  decimal degrees
Long: 029 57 19 E  degrees minutes   Long: 29.9553  decimal degrees

Note: The city is located on a narrow strip of land between the Mediterranean Sea and Lake Mariut; it is now partially submerged. It was the center of Hellenic scholarship and science in antiquity. It was built by the Greek architect Dinocrates for Alexander the Great. It was the renowned capital of the Ptolemies when they ruled Egypt. It was noted for its library and a great lighthouse on the island of Pharos. It was captured by Caesar in 48 BCE, taken by Arabs in 640 and by Turks in 1517. The city was famed for being the site of convergence of Greek, Arab and Jewish ideas. It was occupied by the French 1798-1801, by the British in 1892; evacuated by the British in 1946.

Names:
Al Iskandarīyah (preferred,C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U)
Al-Iskandariyah (C,V)
Iskindiriya (C,V)
El Iskandariya (C,V)
اسكندريه (C,V,Arabic, Egyptian,U)
Alexandrie (C,O,French-P,U,N)
Alejandría (C,O,Spanish-P,U,N)
Αλεξάνδρεια (C,V,Greek,U)
Alexándria (C,V,Greek (transliterated),U)
Ἀλεξάνδρεια ἡ κατ' Αἴγυπτον (C,V,Ancient Greek,U)
Alexandreia e kat Aigypton (C,V,Ancient Greek (transliterated),U)
Alexandria (C,O,English-P,U,N)  ............ used since 4th century BCE, named after Alexander the Great
Alexandrea (C,O)
Alessandria (C,O,Italian-P,U,N)
Alessandria d'Egitto (C,O,Italian,U,N)
Al-Iskandarīyah (C,V,Arabic (transliterated)-P,U,N)  ............ Arabic name used since 640 CE
El Iskandarīya (NA,V)
Iskindirîya (NA,V)
الإسكندرية (NA,V,Arabic,U)
Alexandria Ad Aegyptum (H,V)  ............ Roman name
Alexandria Aegypti (H,O)
Rhakotis (H,V)  ............ name of original village on the site

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Africa (continent)  ....  Africa (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Egypt (nation)  ........  Egypt (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Muḩāfaz̧at al Iskandarīyah (governorate)  ............  Muḩāfaz̧at al Iskandarīyah (governorate) (P)
Hierarchy of Alexandria (inhabited place)  ................  Alexandria (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  site was probably settled at Pompey's Pillar area and on Pharos island in the 13th century BCE; city was founded on the site of an existing village in 331 BCE
city (C)
regional capital (C)
port (C)  ............  main port of Egypt
industrial center (C)
trade center (C)
political center (C)
cultural center (C)  ............  was site of renowned ancient library
fishing community (H)  ............  was site of fishing village until city of Alexandria was built
capital (H)  ............  of Alexander's Egyptian dominion, from 331 BCE

Sources and Contributors:
Alejandría..........  [VP]
.......................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) I-4
Alessandria..........  [VP]
.......................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983)
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003) Accessed 04/18/2002.
Alessandria d'Egitto..........  [VP]
...................................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 21
Alexandrea..........  [VP]
.......................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Alexandreia e kat Aigypton..........  [VP]
...............................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Alexandria..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  Pharos Sculpture, Archaeology (1996) accessed 04/21/99
.......................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 36
.......................  Schuster, Alexandria, Archaeology (1999)
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 30
Alexándria..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Alexandria Ad Aegyptum..........  [VP]
.........................................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Alexandria Aegypti..........  [VP]
...................................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Alexandrie..........  [BHA, VP]
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) I-5
Al-Iskandarīyah..........  [VP Preferred]
.............................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985) 1:250
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 30
Al-Iskandariyah..........  [VP]
.............................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 336
Al Iskandarīyah..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
El Iskandariya..........  [VP]
.............................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
El Iskandarīya..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Iskindiriya..........  [VP]
.......................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003) accessed 18 April 2002
Iskindirîya..........  [VP]
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Rhakotis..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 04/21/99
Αλεξάνδρεια..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Ἀλεξάνδρεια ἡ κατ' Αἴγυπτον..........  [VP]
...............................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-)
اسكندريه..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-)
الإسكندرية..........  [VP]
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 21
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985) I, 250; 1:250
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 04/21/99
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -290263
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003) Accessed 04/18/2002.; accessed 18 April 2002
..................  Pharos Sculpture, Archaeology (1996) accessed 04/21/99
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 36
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) I-4; I-5
..................  Schuster, Alexandria, Archaeology (1999)
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 336
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 30
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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