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ID: 6004566
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/6004566

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Pasargadae (deserted settlement)  Pasargadae (deserted settlement)

Coordinates:
Lat: 30 12 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 30.2000  decimal degrees
Long: 053 10 46 E  degrees minutes   Long: 53.1790  decimal degrees

Note: Pasargadae was located northeast of Persepolis and was chosen as the capital of the Achaemenid Persians by Cyrus II because it lay near site of his victory over Astyages (550 BCE). The name may have derived from a Persian tribe called the Pasargadae. Buildings in the city were placed at a distance from each other, and palaces were placed in a walled compound irrigated by water channels. The large gate of the compound was guarded by statues of winged bulls. South of the compound was the tomb of Cyrus, a limestone box of eastern Greek design decorated with an Assyrian rosette. During the Islamic periods (beginning with the defeat of the Sasanian army at the battles of Qadisiyeh in 637 CE) the tomb was believed to be the resting place of King Solomon's mother.

Names:
Pasargadae (preferred,C,V,display)
Pasargadai (C,V)
Pāsārgād (C,V)
Πασαργάδαι (C,V,Ancient Greek,U)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ........  Iran (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Fārs (province)  ............  Fārs (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Pasargadae (deserted settlement)  ................  Pasargadae (deserted settlement) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Persia (historical region)  ........  Persia (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Pasargadae (deserted settlement)  ............  Pasargadae (deserted settlement) (P,H)

Place Types:
deserted settlement (preferred, C)  ............  settled by prehistoric communities in fourth millennium BC
archaeological site (C)
capital (H)  ............  during Achaemenian Empire, established by Cyrus II 546 BC
battlefield (H)
inhabited place (H)

Sources and Contributors:
Πασαργάδαι..........  [VP]
.......................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Pasargadae..........  [VP Preferred]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 178
.......................  Matheson, Persia Archaeological (1972) 211-218
Pasargadai..........  [VP]
.......................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Pāsārgād..........  [VP]
.................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 178
..................  Matheson, Persia Archaeological (1972) 211-218
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 1 June 2003
..........  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996) accessed 1 June 2003

 

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