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ID: 1136999
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Caiseal (inhabited place)  Caiseal (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 53 30 57 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 53.5150  decimal degrees
Long: 007 53 08 W  degrees minutes   Long: -7.8850  decimal degrees

Note: Cashel is a town and urban district in County Tipperary, Ireland. It was the stronghold of the kings of Munster from 4th century CE. St. Patrick visited in 450 and established a bishopric there. It was strategic in repulsing Scandinavian invaders. Kings of Munster and at least one king of Ireland, Brian Boru were crowned here. It is the place where the king of Munster submitted to Henry II of England in 1171. It is noted for the Rock of Cashel, a limestone hill bearing the ruins of the town's defenses, St. Patrick's Cathedral, adjoined by a round tower with a Celtic cross on top and Cormac's Chapel built between 1127 and 1134, and the bishop's castle. Cashel today also has a Georgian cathedral, the seat of its protestant bishopric. Its town center is a designated Irish Heritage Site and tourism is a major economic activity.

Names:
Caiseal (preferred,C,V,Irish Gaelic,U,N)
Cashel (C,V,English,U,N)
Caiseal Mumhan (H,V,Irish Gaelic,U,N)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Ireland (nation)  ........  Ireland (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Munster (province)  ............  Munster (province) (P)
Hierarchy of South Tipperary (county)  ................  South Tipperary (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Caiseal (inhabited place)  ....................  Caiseal (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was an ancient fortification
town (C)
episcopal see (C)  ............  established by St. Patrick in 450 AD
monastic center (C)  ............  Cistercian abbey was founded here in 1272

Sources and Contributors:
Caiseal..........  [VP]
.................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 29 April 2014
Caiseal Mumhan..........  [VP]
.............................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 160
Cashel..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 40
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 160
..................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 29 April 2014
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 40
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 24 Sept. 2003

 

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