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ID: 1002090
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1002090

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Lorestān (province)  Lorestān (province)

Coordinates:
Lat: 33 30 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 33.5000  decimal degrees
Long: 048 30 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 48.5000  decimal degrees

Note: Lorestān began its development in the 5th millennium BCE and its name is translated as Land of the Lurs. Evidence of an early society (5th-4th millennium BCE) has been discovered in ancient burial sites, which yielded pottery, baked clay, animal figurines, bowls, and weapons. The frequent depiction of decorative mythological figures, ibexes, and snakes on the objects indicate a relationship established between other societies, perhaps northern Mesopotamia and Shush. From 2700 BCE, the Bronze industry in Lorestān began to grow and trade with other cities began. Lorestān was inhabited by Iranian Indo-European peoples until ca. 1000 BCE. From ca. 1000 BCE to 700-625 CE, it was ruled intermittently by Cimmerians and Scythians. Cyrus the Great incorporated Lorestān into the Achaemenid Empire ca. 540 CE. Currently, Lorestān extends from the Iraqi frontier with Hamadān and Tehrān on the southwest, Khūzestān on the south, and Esfahān on the east. The main industry is agriculture.

Names:
Lorestān (preferred,C,V)
Lorestān, Ostān-e (C,V)
Ostān-e Lorestān (C,V)
Luristan (C,V)
Governorship of Lorestan (C,V)
Fardāmdārī-ye Koll-e Lorestān (C,V)
Larestān (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ........  Iran (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Lorestān (province)  ............  Lorestān (province) (P)

Place Types:
province (preferred, C)  ............  populated ca. 1000 BCE
first level subdivision (C)
archaeological site (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Fardāmdārī-ye Koll-e Lorestān..........  [VP]
..................................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Governorship of Lorestan..........  [VP]
.........................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Larestān..........  [VP]
.................  Historical Atlas of Iran (1971) map, 14
Lorestān..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 481
Lorestān, Ostān-e..........  [VP]
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Luristan..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 481
Ostān-e Lorestān..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 16 October 2014
.............................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 481
..................  Historical Atlas of Iran (1971) map, 14
..................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 16 October 2014
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 7,481
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 3 July 2003
..........  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 3 July 2003

 

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