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ID: 1000156
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Chad (nation)  Chad (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 15 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 15.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 019 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 19.0000  decimal degrees

Note: The area has been occupied in the north since Neolithic times. It was home to Nilo-Saharan populations from 3000 BCE. Berber migrations occurredin the 8th century CE. Several powerful kingdoms flourished from the 9th-19th centuries. The French arrived in 1891, and the region was made part of French Equatorial Africa in 1910, then later a separate colony. The official languages are French and Arabic, though many African languages are also spoken.

Names:
Tchād (preferred,C,V,Arabic (transliterated)-P,U,N)
Jumhūriyyat Tshād (C,V,O,Arabic (transliterated),U)
Tchad (C,V,French-P,U,N)
République du Tchad (C,V,French,U,N)
Tshad (C,V)
Jumhūrīyah Tshad (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
Chad (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Chad (Spanish-P,U,N)
Republic of Chad (C,O)
República del Chad (C,O,Spanish,U)
Tsjaad (C,O)
Tschad (C,O)
جضَْاد (C,V,Arabic-P,U)
جُْهمورِ ةًَ جضَْاد (C,V,O,Arabic,U)
Чад (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Республика Чад (C,O,Russian,U)
乍得 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
乍得共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
TCD (C,O,ISO3L)
TD (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO148 (C,O,ISO3N)
CD00 (C,O,FIPS)
Chadian (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Africa (continent)  ....  Africa (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Chad (nation)  ........  Chad (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  gained independence 1960
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  first, in French Community 1958
controlled region (H)  ............  French, 1891-1960
overseas territory (H)  ............  French, 1946-1958
colony (H)  ............  French, 1920-1946

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  NDjamena .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Africa, Chad, Chari-Baguirmi) [7000416]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1960

Sources and Contributors:
CD00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
Chad..........  [BHA, VP]
...........  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 572
...........  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 124
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 50 ff.
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 90
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 239
Chadian..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 8
ISO148..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 13
Jumhūrīyah Tshad..........  [VP]
.............................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 582
Jumhūriyyat Tshād..........  [VP]
................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
República del Chad..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Republic of Chad..........  [VP]
.............................  ISO Handbook (1988) 764
.............................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
République du Tchad..........  [VP]
...................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 784
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
TCD..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 764
Tchad..........  [VP Preferred]
..............  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
..............  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 44
Tchād..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 11 June 2009
TD..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 13
Tschad..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
Tshad..........  [VP]
..............  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 582
Tsjaad..........  [VP]
.................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) II, 793
جضَْاد..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
جُْهمورِ ةًَ جضَْاد..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Чад..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Республика Чад..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
乍得..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
乍得共和国..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 572
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 582
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 124
..................  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 50 ff.
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) II, 793
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 13
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 764; 784
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 90
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 44
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 8
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 239
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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