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ID: 1000077
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Iceland (nation)  Iceland (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 65 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 65.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 018 00 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -18.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Comprises the island of the same name and surrounding islands, all of relatively recent geological origin. Norwegian farming and fishing communities were established here in the 9th century, during the Viking age of exploration, by a mixed Norse and Celtic population. Noted as the world's oldest democracy; a national assembly (Althing) was established in 930. It united with Norway in 1262, with Denmark in 1380. Was an independent kingdom in union with Denmark in 1918, it ended in 1944. The official language is Icelandic.

Names:
Ísland (preferred,C,V,Icelandic-P,U,N)
Lýđveldiđ Ísland (C,V,O,Icelandic,U,N)
Lýdhveldidh Ísland (C,V,Icelandic,U,N)
Island (C,O)
Iceland (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Republic of Iceland (C,O,English,U,N)
Islande (C,O,French-P,U,N)
République d'Islande (C,O,French,U,N)
Islandia (C,O,Italian,U,N)
Islandia (Spanish-P,U)
Islandia (Latin-P,U,N)
República de Islandia (C,O,Spanish,U)
Islândia (C,O,Spanish,U,N)
Islanda (C,O,Italian-P,U,N)
IJsland (C,O,Dutch-P,U,N)
Исландия (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Республика Исландия (C,O,Russian,U)
冰岛 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
冰岛共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
آ سٌ يَدا (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً آ سٌ يَدا (C,O,Arabic,U)
ISL (C,O,ISO3L)
IS (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO352 (C,O,ISO3N)
Icelandic (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iceland (nation)  ........  Iceland (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  independent since 1918
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  founded as independent entity 1918; established June 17, 1944
island nation (C)
kingdom (H)

Related geographic places:
member of ....  North Atlantic Treaty Organization .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029610]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1946

Sources and Contributors:
Iceland..........  [BHA, FDA, VP]
.................  Cambridge Encyclopedia (1990)
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 50
.................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-42
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 58
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 525-526
Icelandic..........  [VP]
....................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 17
IJsland..........  [VP]
.................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) I, 339
IS..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
ISL..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 767
Ísland..........  [FDA, VP Preferred]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 525
Island..........  [VP]
.................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 525-526
Islanda..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 777
Islande..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
Islândia..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
Islandia..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
ISO352..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
Lýdhveldidh Ísland..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1990) 634
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 626
Lýđveldiđ Ísland..........  [VP]
.............................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 279-280
República de Islandia..........  [VP]
......................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Republic of Iceland..........  [VP]
...................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 279
...................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
République d'Islande..........  [VP]
...................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 779
Исландия..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Республика Исландия..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
冰岛..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
冰岛共和国..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
آ سٌ يَدا..........  [VP]
....................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
جُهور ةً آ سٌ يَدا..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1990) 634
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 626
..................  Cambridge Encyclopedia (1990)
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 279; 279-280
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 777
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) I, 339
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 767; 779
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 50
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-42
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 58
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 17
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 525; 525-526
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984)
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 9 August 2004

 

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