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ID: 7013496
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7013496

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Regensburg (inhabited place)  Regensburg (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 49 00 54 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 49.0150  decimal degrees
Long: 012 05 44 E  degrees minutes   Long: 12.0956  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Regensburg is located on right bank of Danube River at its confluence with the Regen. Romans founded it as a frontier post on a Celtic settlement in the 2nd century. It went to Charlemagne in 788; and prospered in the Middle Ages. French troops destroyed it in 1809. It passed into the possession of Bavaria in 1810. It was bombed in World War II, but most of its historic structures survived. The famous Steinerne Brücke, 1125-1146, across the Danube is famous as an outstanding example of medieval construction. The most notable church is the Cathedral of St. Peter, 1275-1524, is an important Gothic structure, with medieval stained glass. Regensburg is a thriving river port at the head of navigation on the Danube, and is a center of commerce, industry, and culture. It feature manufactures for motor vehicles, wood products, electronics, and steel. The 2004 estimated population was 128,800.

Names:
Regensburg (preferred,C,V)
Casra Regina (H,O)
Castra Regina (H,V)  ............ Roman name for legionary camp, founded AD 179
Radasbona (H,V)  ............ Celtic name
Ratisbon (H,V)  ............ obsolete English name
Ratisbona (H,V)  ............ medieval name
Ratisbonne (H,O)
Regensburg-Prüfening (H,V)  ............ Prüfening was subsumed under Regensburg in 1938
Reginum (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Deutschland (nation)  ........  Deutschland (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Bayern (state)  ............  Bayern (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Regensburg (inhabited place)  ................  Regensburg (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Raetia (historical region)  ........  Raetia (historical region) (P,H) from 15 BCE
Hierarchy of Regensburg (inhabited place)  ............  Regensburg (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded by Celts ca. 500 BCE, was Roman camp from 179 CE
city (C)
district capital (C)  ............  from early 19th century
port (C)
industrial center (C)
commercial center (C)
transportation center (C)
cultural center (C)  ............  noted for museums, architecture and boys' choir, was home to 16th-century painter A Altdorfer and 17th-century astronomer J Kepler
tourist center (C)
university center (C)
episcopal see (C)  ............  founded in 739
archaeological site (C)  ............  has many Roman remains
noble seat (C)  ............  of Bavarian dukes in Herzogshof, from 13th cen.; of princes of Thurn & Taxis in former St. Emmeram's Abbey, from 1812
political center (H)  ............  was meeting place for imperial diet, 1532-1806, for Eternal Diet after Thirty Years' War in 17th cen.
imperial city (H)  ............  status granted in 1250, was the only imperial free city in Bayern

Related geographic places:
near/adjacent to ....  Abusina .......... (deserted settlement)
..............................  (World, Europe, Deutschland, Bayern) [6000029]

Sources and Contributors:
Casra Regina..........  [VP]
.......................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 354
Castra Regina..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
..........................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 1000-1001
..........................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8371
..........................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..........................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Radasbona..........  [VP]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 773
Ratisbon..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 163
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 354
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Ratisbona..........  [GRLPSC]
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Ratisbonne..........  [BHA]
.......................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Regensburg..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.......................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1008
Regensburg-Prüfening..........  [GRLPSC]
...................................  Marburger Index (1976-)
Reginum..........  [GRLPSC]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 773
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 1000-1001
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8371
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Regensburg (Germany) NAF79129587, accessed 11 May 2004
..................  Marburger Index (1976-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1847451
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 163
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 354
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1008
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:773
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 11 May 2004

 

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