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ID: 1000110
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1000110

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Shrī Laṁkā (nation)  Shrī Laṁkā (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 07 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 7.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 081 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 81.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Comprises island of the same name and small islets. Settled by proto-Australoid peoples from southern Asia; Indo-Europeans immigrated here in the 5th century BCE, developed into Sinhalese; was Buddhist center by 3rd century BCE; invasions by Hindu Tamils from India 1st-12th century; visited by Arabs in the 12th century, by Europeans in the 16th century; official languages are Sinhalese and Tamil, though English is also used.

Names:
Shrī Laṁkā (preferred,C,V,Sinhala (transliterated)-P,U)
Shrī Laṁkā Prajātāntrika Samājavādī Janarajaya (C,V,O,Sinhala (transliterated),U)
Ilaṅkai (C,V,Tamil (transliterated)-P,U,N)
Ilaṅkai Jaṉanāyaka Choṣhalichak Kuṭiyarachu (C,V,O,Tamil (transliterated),U,N)
Sri Lanka (C,O,English-P,U,N)  ............ officially, since 1972
Sri Lanka (Malagasy)
Sri Lanka (Galician)
Sri Lanka (Polish)
Sri Lanka (Malay (macrolanguage))
Sri Lanka (Magyar (Hungarian))
Sri Lanka (Norwegian (Bokmål))
Sri Lanka (Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association))
Sri Lanka (Maltese)
Sri Lanka (North Ndebele)
Sri Lanka (Welsh)
Sri Lanka (Romansh)
Sri Lanka (Portuguese)
Sri Lanka (Faroese)
Sri Lanka (Catalan)
Sri Lanka (Dutch)
Sri Lanka (Danish)
Sri Lanka (German)
Sri Lanka (Italian)
Sri Lanka (Turkish)
Sri Lanka (Basque)
Sri Lanka (Northern Sami)
Sri Lanka (Afrikaans)
Sri Lanka (Norwegian (Nynorsk))
Sri Lanka (Indonesian)
Sri Lanka (Greenlandic)
Sri Lanka (Spanish-P,U,N)
Sri Lanka (Romanian)
Sri Lanka (Akan)
Sri Lanka (Shona)
Sri Lanka (French-P,U,N)
Sri Lanka (Finnish)
Sri Lanka (Estonian)
Sri Lanka (Swedish)
Sri Lanka (Breton)
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (C,O,English,U,N)
République socialiste démocratique de Sri Lanka (C,O,French,U,N)
República Socialista Democrática de Sri Lanka (C,O,Spanish,U,N)
Śri Laṅkā (C,V)
Sri Lankā Prajathanthrika Samajavadi Janarajaya (C,V)
Laṅkā (C,V)
Lanka (C,V,Sanskrit)
Ilangai Jananayaka Socialisa Kudiarasu (C,V)
Īḻam (C,V)
Ilam (C,V)
ශ්රී ලංකා (C,V,Sinhala-P,U)
ශ්රී ලංකා ප් රජාතාන්ත් රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (C,V,O,Sinhala,U)
இலங்கக (C,V,Tamil-P,U)
இலங்கக சனநாயக சசாஷலிசக் குடியரசு (C,V,O,Tamil,U)
Шри-Ланка (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Демократическая Социалистическая Республика Шри-Ланка (C,O,Russian,U)
斯里兰卡 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
斯里兰卡民主社会主义共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
سْي لاىكا (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً سْي لاىكا الاصتراه ةَ الدّيملراط ةَ (C,O,Arabic,U)
LKA (C,O,ISO3L)
LK (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO144 (C,O,ISO3N)
CE00 (C,O,FIPS)
Sri Lankan (C,O,English,U,A)
סרי לנקה (C,U,Hebrew )
Cejlono (C,U,Esperanto)
Dominion of Ceylon (C,U)
Ilankaic Cananayaka Cocalicak Kutiyarcu (C,U,Tamil)
Isla Trapobana (C,U,Spanish)
i-Sri Lanka (C,U,Zulu)
Lanka-dīpa (C,U,Pali)
Lanka-dvīpa (C,U,Sanskrit)
Lankāva (C,U,Sinhala)
Orílẹ́ède Siri Lanka (C,U,Yoruba)
Prajatantravadi Samajavadi Janarajaya Sri Lanka (C,U,Sinhala)
Selan (C,U)
Sīhala-dvīpa (C,U,Sanskrit)
Silangikā (C,U,Tonga (Tonga Islands))
Sirilaanka (C,U,Somali)
Sirilanka (C,U,Rundi)
Sirilanka (Ganda (Ugandan language))
Sirilanka (Kikuyu)
Sirilanka (Swahili (generic))
Sirilanka (Bambara)
Sirilanka (Luba-Katanga)
Sirilanka (Lingala)
Sirî-Lanka (C,U,Sangho)
Siri Lanka (C,U,Hausa)
Siri Lanka (Fulah)
Srí Lanca (C,U,Irish Gaelic)
Sri Langka (C,U,Indonesian)
Šri Lanka (C,U,Slovene)
Šri Lanka (Croatian)
Šri Lanka (Bosnian)
Šri Lanka (Lithuanian)
Srí Lanka (C,U,Slovak)
Srí Lanka (Icelandic)
Srí Lanka (Czech)
Srí Lanka (Magyar (Hungarian))
Šrilanka (C,U,Slovene)
Šrilanka (Latvian)
Şri Lanka (C,U,Azerbaijani)
Sri Lankā Janarajaya (C,U)
Sri Lanka nutome (C,U,Ewe)
Sri-Lanko (C,U,Esperanto)
Tāmaraparnī (C,U,Sanskrit)
Taprobane (C,U)
Trapobana (C,U,Spanish)
Xri Lan-ca (C,U,Vietnamese)
Xri Lan-ca (Sri Lanka) (C,U,Vietnamese)
Շրի Լանկա (C,U,Armenian)
سري لانكا (C,U,Arabic)
Шри Ланка (C,U,Bulgarian)
Шри Ланка (Serbian)
Шри Ланка (Macedonian)
ศรีลังกา (C,U,Thai)
スリランカ (C,U,Japanese)
Σρι Λάνκα (C,U,Greek)
سری‌لانکا (C,U,Persian-Farsi)
ཤྲཱྀ་ལངཀ (C,U,Dzongkha)
শ্রীলঙ্কা (C,U,Bengali)
შრი-ლანკა (C,U,Georgian)
ሲሪላንካ (C,U,Amharic)
ሲሪላንካ (Tigrinya)
스리랑카 (C,U,Korean)
Шрі-Ланка (C,U,Ukrainian)
ស្រីលង្កា (C,U,Khmer)
ஈழம் (C,U,Tamil)
श्रीलंका (C,U,Hindi)
श्रीलंका (Marathi)
ສີລັງກາ (C,U,Lao)
Шрі Ланка (C,U,Ukrainian)
ଶ୍ରୀଲଙ୍କା (C,U,Oriya)
سری لانکا (C,U,Persian-Farsi)
શ્રીલંકા (C,U,Gujarati)
سریلانکا (C,U,Kurdish)
ശ്രീലങ്ക (C,U,Malayalam)
سريلانكا (C,U,Arabic)
ཤྲཱི་ལངྐ་། (C,U,Tibetan)
スリランカ民主社会主義共和国 (C,U,Japanese)
ಶ್ರೀಲಂಕಾ (C,U,Kannada)
Шры-Ланка (C,U,Belorussian)
இலங்கை (C,U,Tamil)
श्री लंका (C,U,Hindi)
श्रीलङ्का (C,U,Nepali)
శ్రీలంక (C,U,Telugu)
سری لنکا (C,U,Urdu)
သီရိလင်္ကာ (C,U,Burmese)
ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (C,U,Sinhala)
Ceilán (H,O,Spanish)  ............ 1815-1972
Ceilan (H,O)  ............ 1815-1972
Ceylan (H,O)  ............ 1815-1972
Ceylon (H,V)  ............ 1815-1972
Sarandib (H,O)
Saylan (H,O)  ............ 1815-1972
Serendib (H,O)
Serendip (H,O)
Sihala (H,V)
Siṃhaladvīpa (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Shrī Laṁkā (nation)  ........  Shrī Laṁkā (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of South Asia (subcontinent)  ........  South Asia (subcontinent) (P)
Hierarchy of Shrī Laṁkā (nation)  ............  Shrī Laṁkā (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Southern Asia (general region)  ........  Southern Asia (general region) (P,U)
Hierarchy of Shrī Laṁkā (nation)  ............  Shrī Laṁkā (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  gained independence on February 4, 1948
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  established 1972
island nation (C)
colony (H)  ............  British, 1798-1948
controlled region (H)  ............  Portuguese, 1505-1700; Dutch, 1658-1800; British, 1796-1948
independent political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Colombo .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, Shrī Laṁkā, Western) [7002533]
..................  former capital
capital is ....  Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, Shrī Laṁkā, Western) [7002534]
distinguished from ....  Sri Lanka .......... (island)
..................................  (World, Asia, Shrī Laṁkā) [7030365]
member of ....  Commonwealth of Nations .......... (association)
................  (World) [7005615]
................  joined association in 1948
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1955

Sources and Contributors:
ශ්රී ලංකා..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
ශ්රී ලංකා ප් රජාතාන්ත් රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය..........  [VP]
.......................................................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
இலங்கக..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
இலங்கக சனநாயக சசாஷலிசக் குடியரசு..........  [VP]
.....................................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Шри-Ланка..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
....................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Демократическая Социалистическая Республика Шри-Ланка..........  [VP]
......................................................................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
斯里兰卡..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
斯里兰卡民主社会主义共和国..........  [VP]
..........................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
سْي لاىكا..........  [VP]
....................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
جُهور ةً سْي لاىكا الاصتراه ةَ الدّيملراط ةَ..........  [VP]
.......................................................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
סרי לנקה..........  [IMJ, VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
.................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
Շրի Լանկա..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
سري لانكا..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Шри Ланка..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
ศรีลังกา..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
スリランカ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Σρι Λάνκα..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
سری‌لانکا..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
ཤྲཱྀ་ལངཀ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
শ্রীলঙ্কা..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
შრი-ლანკა..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
ሲሪላንካ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
스리랑카..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Шрі-Ланка..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
ស្រីលង្កា..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
ஈழம்..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
श्रीलंका..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
ສີລັງກາ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Шрі Ланка..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
ଶ୍ରୀଲଙ୍କା..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
سری لانکا..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
શ્રીલંકા..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
سریلانکا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
ശ്രീലങ്ക..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
سريلانكا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
ཤྲཱི་ལངྐ་།..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
スリランカ民主社会主義共和国..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
ಶ್ರೀಲಂಕಾ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Шры-Ланка..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
இலங்கை..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
श्री लंका..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
श्रीलङ्का..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
శ్రీలంక..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
سری لنکا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
သီရိလင်္ကာ..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
ශ්‍රී ලංකාව..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
CE00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
Ceilan..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 96
Ceilán..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-63
Cejlono..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Ceylan..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 74
Ceylon..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXVIII, 179
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka..........  [VP]
.......................................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
.......................................................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 771
.......................................................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Dominion of Ceylon..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Īḻam..........  [VP]
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXVIII, 179
Ilam..........  [VP]
...........  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-108
Ilangai Jananayaka Socialisa Kudiarasu..........  [VP]
.................................................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 703
Ilaṅkai..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXVIII, 179
.................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
Ilankaic Cananayaka Cocalicak Kutiyarcu..........  [VP]
.................................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Ilaṅkai Jaṉanāyaka Choṣhalichak Kuṭiyarachu..........  [VP]
.......................................................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
Isla Trapobana..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
ISO144..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 20
i-Sri Lanka..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Lanka..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
..............  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 348
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 238
Laṅkā..........  [VP]
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXVIII, 179
Lanka-dīpa..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Lanka-dvīpa..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Lankāva..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
LK..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 20
LKA..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 771
Orílẹ́ède Siri Lanka..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Prajatantravadi Samajavadi Janarajaya Sri Lanka..........  [VP]
.............................................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
República Socialista Democrática de Sri Lanka..........  [VP]
..........................................................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
République socialiste démocratique de Sri Lanka..........  [VP]
.............................................................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 784
Sarandib..........  [VP]
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 355
Saylan..........  [VP]
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 354
Selan..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Serendib..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 238
Serendip..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 887-888
Shrī Laṁkā..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
Shrī Laṁkā Prajātāntrika Samājavādī Janarajaya..........  [VP]
.............................................................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
.............................................................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Sihala..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-195
Sīhala-dvīpa..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Silangikā..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Siṃhaladvīpa..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXVIII, 179
Sirilaanka..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Sirilanka..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Sirî-Lanka..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Siri Lanka..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Srí Lanca..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Sri Langka..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Sri Lanka..........  [BHA, IMJ Preferred, VP Preferred]
....................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 611-612
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 11:190 ff.
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
....................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
....................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 26
....................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-94
....................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 82
....................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 238
Śri Laṅkā..........  [VP]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXVIII, 179
Šri Lanka..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Srí Lanka..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Šrilanka..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Şri Lanka..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Sri Lankā Janarajaya..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Sri Lankan..........  [VP]
.......................  CIA, World Fact Book (1999) accessed 04/03/00
Sri Lanka nutome..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Sri Lankā Prajathanthrika Samajavadi Janarajaya..........  [VP]
.............................................................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 703
.............................................................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 718
Sri-Lanko..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Tāmaraparnī..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Taprobane..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Trapobana..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Xri Lan-ca..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Xri Lan-ca (Sri Lanka)..........  [VP]
.........................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
Subject: .....  [BHA, IMJ, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 703
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 718
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 611-612
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:887-888; II, 887-888
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 74
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 96
..................  CIA, World Fact Book (1999) accessed 3 April 2000; accessed 04/03/00
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 11:190 ff.; 28:179; XXVIII, 179
..................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1227603
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 20
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 771; 784
..................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 20 January 1999; accessed 01/20/99
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-108; I-195; I-63
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 26
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1989) 344
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 348; 354; 355; 357
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-94
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 82
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 238
..................  Wikipedia (2000-) https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A8%D1%80%D0%B8-%D0%9B%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BA%D0%B0
 
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The J. Paul Getty Trust
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