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ID: 1000077
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1000077

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Ísland (nation)  Ísland (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 65 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 65.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 018 00 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -18.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Comprises the island of the same name and surrounding islands, all of relatively recent geological origin. Norwegian farming and fishing communities were established here in the 9th century, during the Viking age of exploration, by a mixed Norse and Celtic population. Noted as the world's oldest democracy; a national assembly (Althing) was established in 930. It united with Norway in 1262, with Denmark in 1380. Was an independent kingdom in union with Denmark in 1918, it ended in 1944. The official language is Icelandic.

Names:
Ísland (preferred,C,V,Bavarian)
Ísland (Faroese)
Ísland (Icelandic-P,U,N)
Lýđveldiđ Ísland (C,V,O,Icelandic,U,N)
Lýdhveldidh Ísland (C,V,Icelandic,U,N)
Island (C,O,German)
Island (Estonian)
Island (Croatian)
Island (Norwegian)
Island (Slovak)
Island (Bosnian)
Island (Luxembourgish)
Island (Breton)
Island (Norwegian (Bokmål))
Island (Danish)
Island (Cornish)
Island (Norwegian (Nynorsk))
Island (Czech)
Island (Swedish)
Iceland (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Iceland (Tagalog)
Iceland (Pampanga)
Iceland (Malay (macrolanguage))
Iceland (Shona)
Iceland (North Ndebele)
Iceland (Swahili (generic))
Iceland (Vietnamese)
Iceland (Nauruan)
Republic of Iceland (C,O,English,U,N)
Islande (C,O,Arpitan)
Islande (French-P,U,N)
Islande (Sangho)
Islande (Latvian)
République d'Islande (C,O,French,U,N)
Islandia (C,O,Polish)
Islandia (Basque)
Islandia (Sicilian)
Islandia (Aragonese)
Islandia (Asturian)
Islandia (Latin-P,U,N)
Islandia (Spanish-P,U)
Islandia (Galician)
Islandia (Indonesian)
Islandia (Italian,U,N)
República de Islandia (C,O,Spanish,U)
Islândia (C,O,Portuguese)
Islândia (Spanish,U,N)
Islanda (C,O,Maltese)
Islanda (Sardinian)
Islanda (Piemontese)
Islanda (Romanian)
Islanda (Romansh)
Islanda (Albanian)
Islanda (Italian-P,U,N)
Islanda (Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association))
IJsland (C,O,Dutch-P,U,N)
Исландия (C,O,Tajik)
Исландия (Bulgarian)
Исландия (Kazakh)
Исландия (Russian-P,U)
Республика Исландия (C,O,Russian,U)
冰岛 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
冰岛共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
آ سٌ يَدا (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً آ سٌ يَدا (C,O,Arabic,U)
ISL (C,O,ISO3L)
IS (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO352 (C,O,ISO3N)
IC00 (C,V,FIPS)
Icelandic (C,O,English,U,A)
איסלנד (C,U,Hebrew )
Aesland (C,U,Akan)
Aisalan (C,U,Hausa)
Aiseland nutome (C,U,Ewe)
ʻAisilani (C,U,Tonga (Tonga Islands))
Aislan (C,U,Tok Pisin (Neomelanesian))
Aislandi (C,U,Kikuyu)
Aislandi (Swahili (generic))
Ai-xơ-len (C,U,Vietnamese)
Ai-xơ-len (Iceland) (C,U,Vietnamese)
An Íoslainn (C,U,Irish Gaelic)
Ayisilandi (C,U,Rundi)
Ayisirandi (C,U,Ganda (Ugandan language))
Gwlad yr Iâ (C,U,Welsh)
Icelandia (C,U,Ilocano)
Iesland (C,U,Limburgan)
Iesland (Low German)
i-Iceland (C,U,Zulu)
Iislaand (C,U,Somali)
Innis Tile (C,U,Scots Gaelic)
Isilandɛ (C,U,Lingala)
Isilande (C,U,Luba-Katanga)
Isilandi (C,U,Bambara)
Isilandi (Ganda (Ugandan language))
Īsland (C,U,Anglo-Saxon)
Îslanda (C,U,Kurdish)
Islànda (C,U,Lombard)
Islánda (C,U,Northern Sami)
Islandë (C,U,Albanian)
Islânde (C,U,Sangho)
Īslande (C,U,Latvian)
Islandëjô (C,U,Kashubian)
Islandi (C,U,Greenlandic)
Islàndia (C,U,Occitan)
Islàndia (Catalan)
Islandia - Ísland (C,U,Galician)
Islandii (C,U)
Islandija (C,U,Slovene)
Islandija (Lithuanian)
Islandiya (C,U,Quechuan)
İslandiya (C,U,Azerbaijani)
Islando (C,U,Esperanto)
Islando (Ido)
Islandska (C,U,Upper Sorbian)
Islandy (C,U,Malagasy)
Islandya (C,U,Waray (Philippines))
Islandya (Quechuan)
Islannda (C,U,Fulah)
Islanti (C,U,Finnish)
Izland (C,U,Magyar (Hungarian))
İzlanda (C,U,Turkish)
Lisladeän (C,U,Volapük)
Lýðveldið Ísland (C,U,Icelandic)
Orílẹ́ède Aṣilandi (C,U,Yoruba)
Yslân (C,U,Western Frisian)
Ysland (C,U,Afrikaans)
Yslandt (C,U,Dutch)
អ៉ីស្លង់ (C,U,Khmer)
アイスランド (C,U,Japanese)
ایسلند (C,U,Persian-Farsi)
ཨའིསི་ལེནཌ (C,U,Dzongkha)
Իսլանդիա (C,U,Armenian)
আইসলণ্ড (C,U,Bengali)
آیسلینډ (C,U,Pashto)
آيسلندا (C,U,Arabic)
आइस्लैंड (C,U,Hindi)
આઇસલૅન્ડ (C,U,Gujarati)
Ισλανδία (C,U,Greek)
آيسلېنډ (C,U,Pashto)
ไอซ์แลนด์ (C,U,Thai)
Исланд (C,U,Macedonian)
Исланд (Serbian)
आइसल्याण्ड (C,U,Nepali)
איסלאנד (C,U,Yiddish)
Ісландія (C,U,Ukrainian)
आइसलैंड (C,U,Hindi)
आइसलैंड (Sanskrit)
አይስላንድ (C,U,Amharic)
አይስላንድ (Tigrinya)
Исланди (C,U,Chuvash)
އައިސްލަންޑަން (C,U,Maldivian (Divehi))
ايسلندا (C,U,Arabic)
ஐஸ்லாந்து (C,U,Tamil)
آئس لینڈ (C,U,Urdu)
আইসল্যান্ড (C,U,Bengali)
아이슬란드 (C,U,Korean)
ისლანდია (C,U,Georgian)
ئىسلاندىيە (C,U,Uyghur)
ประเทศไอซ์แลนด์ (C,U,Thai)
Ісьляндыя (C,U,Belorussian)
ໄອສແລນ (C,U,Lao)
आइसलैण्ड (C,U,Hindi)
အိုက်စလန် (C,U,Burmese)
ఐస్లాండ్ (C,U,Telugu)
ཨ་ཨི་སི་ལནད། (C,U,Tibetan)
આઇસલેન્ડ (C,U,Gujarati)
ଆଇସଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ (C,U,Oriya)
आइस्ल्याण्ड (C,U,Nepali)
أيسلندا (C,U,Arabic)
Ісландыя (C,U,Belorussian)
ಐಸ್‌ಲ್ಯಾಂಡ್ (C,U,Kannada)
අයිස්ලන්තය (C,U,Sinhala)
आइसलँड (C,U,Marathi)
アイスランド共和国 (C,U,Japanese)
ئایسلەند (C,U,Kurdish)
ഐസ്‌ലാന്റ് (C,U,Malayalam)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Ísland (nation)  ........  Ísland (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Northern Europe (general region)  ........  Northern Europe (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Ísland (nation)  ............  Ísland (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of European Free Trade Association (area)  ........  European Free Trade Association (area) (P,U)
Hierarchy of Ísland (nation)  ............  Ísland (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of European Economic Area (zone)  ........  European Economic Area (zone) (P,U)
Hierarchy of Ísland (nation)  ............  Ísland (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  independent since 1918
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  founded as independent entity 1918; established June 17, 1944
island nation (C)
kingdom (H)
independent political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Reykjavík .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Europe, Ísland, Reykjavík) [7006270]
distinguished from ....  Ísland .......... (island)
..................................  (World, Europe, Ísland) [7030364]
member of ....  North Atlantic Treaty Organization .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029610]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1946

Sources and Contributors:
Исландия..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Республика Исландия..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
冰岛..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
冰岛共和国..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
آ سٌ يَدا..........  [VP]
....................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
جُهور ةً آ سٌ يَدا..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
איסלנד..........  [IMJ, VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
.................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
អ៉ីស្លង់..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
アイスランド..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ایسلند..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ཨའིསི་ལེནཌ..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Իսլանդիա..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
আইসলণ্ড..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
آیسلینډ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
آيسلندا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
आइस्लैंड..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
આઇસલૅન્ડ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Ισλανδία..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
آيسلېنډ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ไอซ์แลนด์..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Исланд..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
आइसल्याण्ड..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
איסלאנד..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Ісландія..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
आइसलैंड..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
አይስላንድ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Исланди..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
އައިސްލަންޑަން..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ايسلندا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ஐஸ்லாந்து..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
آئس لینڈ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
আইসল্যান্ড..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
아이슬란드..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ისლანდია..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ئىسلاندىيە..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ประเทศไอซ์แลนด์..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Ісьляндыя..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ໄອສແລນ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
आइसलैण्ड..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
အိုက်စလန်..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ఐస్లాండ్..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ཨ་ཨི་སི་ལནད།..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
આઇસલેન્ડ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ଆଇସଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
आइस्ल्याण्ड..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
أيسلندا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Ісландыя..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ಐಸ್‌ಲ್ಯಾಂಡ್..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
අයිස්ලන්තය..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
आइसलँड..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
アイスランド共和国..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ئایسلەند..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ഐസ്‌ലാന്റ്..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Aesland..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Aisalan..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Aiseland nutome..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ʻAisilani..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Aislan..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Aislandi..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Ai-xơ-len..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Ai-xơ-len (Iceland)..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
An Íoslainn..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Ayisilandi..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Ayisirandi..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Gwlad yr Iâ..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
IC00..........  [VP]
...........  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Iceland..........  [BHA, FDA, IMJ Preferred, VP]
.................  Cambridge Encyclopedia (1990)
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
.................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 50
.................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-42
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 58
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 525-526
Icelandia..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Icelandic..........  [VP]
....................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 17
Iesland..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
i-Iceland..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Iislaand..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
IJsland..........  [VP]
.................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) I, 339
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Innis Tile..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
IS..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
Isilandɛ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Isilande..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Isilandi..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ISL..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 767
Ísland..........  [FDA, VP Preferred]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 525
Island..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
.................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 525-526
Īsland..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islanda..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 777
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Îslanda..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islànda..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islánda..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islande..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
Islandë..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islânde..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Īslande..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islandëjô..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islandi..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islândia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
Islandia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Islàndia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islandia - Ísland..........  [VP]
................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islandii..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islandija..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islandiya..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
İslandiya..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islando..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islandska..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islandy..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islandya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islannda..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Islanti..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
ISO352..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
Izland..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
İzlanda..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Lisladeän..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Lýdhveldidh Ísland..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1990) 634
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 626
Lýđveldiđ Ísland..........  [VP]
.............................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 279-280
Lýðveldið Ísland..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Orílẹ́ède Aṣilandi..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
República de Islandia..........  [VP]
......................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Republic of Iceland..........  [VP]
...................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 279
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
...................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
République d'Islande..........  [VP]
...................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 779
Yslân..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Ysland..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Yslandt..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, IMJ, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1990) 634
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 626
..................  Cambridge Encyclopedia (1990)
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 279; 279-280
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 777
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) I, 339
..................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2629691
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 767; 779
..................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 50
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-42
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 58
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 17
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 525; 525-526
..................  Wikipedia (2000-) https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%98%D1%81%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B4%D0%B8%D1%8F
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984)
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 9 August 2004

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust