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ID: 1000062
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1000062

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Österreich (nation)  Österreich (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 47 20 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 47.3333  decimal degrees
Long: 013 20 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 13.3333  decimal degrees

Note: Austria covers an area that had Early Paleolithic settlements and an Iron Age culture by 1000 BCE. Illyrians inhabited it, then the Celts invaded ca. 400 BCE, and the Romans invaded ca. 200 BCE. Germanic tribes arrived ca. 180 CE, and Bavarians and Avars settled here from the 6th century. The area was the Eastern Mark of Charlemagne. Hapsburg rule began in 1278 and lasted until 1918, during which time it was part of the large Austro-Hungarian Empire. After World War I Austria was reduced to the German-speaking areas of the former empire. Nazi Germany annexed it in 1938, and from 1945 to 1955 it was occupied by the Allies. Since then it has become a member of the United Nations and, in 1995, of the European Union. The official language is German. Its position at the middle of Europe makes it a center of commerce, transportation, and culture.

Names:
Österreich (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)
Republik Österreich (C,V,O,German,U,N)
Oesterreich (C,V,German,U,N)
Austria (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Austria (Italian)
Austria (Polish)
Austria (Shona)
Austria (Basque)
Austria (Kikuyu)
Austria (Swahili (generic))
Austria (Aragonese)
Austria (Estonian)
Austria (Galician)
Austria (Malay (macrolanguage))
Austria (Indonesian)
Austria (Romanian)
Austria (North Ndebele)
Austria (Spanish-P,U,N)
Austria (Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association))
Austria (Romansh)
Republic of Austria (C,O,English,U,N)
Autriche (C,O,French-P,U,N)
République d'Autriche (C,O,French,U,N)
República de Austria (C,O,Spanish,U)
Oostenrijk (C,O,Dutch-P,U,N)
Австрия (C,V,Kazakh)
Австрия (Bulgarian)
Австрия (Russian-P,U)
Австрийская Республика (C,V,Russian,U)
奥地利 (C,V,Chinese-P,U)
奥地利共和国 (C,V,Chinese,U)
ا نٍمسا (C,V,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً ا نٍمسا (C,V,Arabic,U)
AUT (C,O,ISO3L)
AT (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO040 (C,O,ISO3N)
AU00 (C,O,FIPS)
Austrian (C,O,English,U,A)
אוסטריה (C,U,Hebrew )
An Ostair (C,U,Irish Gaelic)
Áo (C,U,Vietnamese)
ʻAositulia (C,U,Tonga (Tonga Islands))
Aostria (C,U,Breton)
Aotrisy (C,U,Malagasy)
Austerrike (C,U,Norwegian (Nynorsk))
Austri (C,U,Albanian)
Áustria (C,U,Portuguese)
Àustria (C,U,Occitan)
Àustria (Catalan)
Austria nutome (C,U,Ewe)
Austrija (C,U,Lithuanian)
Austrija (Croatian)
Austrija (Bosnian)
Austrija (Latvian)
Aŭstrujo (C,U,Esperanto)
Austurríki (C,U,Icelandic)
Ausztria (C,U,Magyar (Hungarian))
Avstrii (C,U)
Avstrija (C,U,Slovene)
Avstriya (C,U,Azerbaijani)
Avusturya (C,U,Turkish)
Awistirya (C,U,Kurdish)
Awsteriya (C,U,Somali)
Awstria (C,U,Welsh)
Awstrija (C,U,Maltese)
Awusituriya (C,U,Ganda (Ugandan language))
Eysturríki (C,U,Faroese)
i-Austria (C,U,Zulu)
Itävalta (C,U,Finnish)
Nuortariika (C,U,Northern Sami)
Oostenryk (C,U,Afrikaans)
Öösterriek (C,U,Low German)
Orílẹ́ède Asítíríà (C,U,Yoruba)
Österrike (C,U,Swedish)
Østerrike (C,U,Norwegian (Nynorsk))
Østerrike (Norwegian (Bokmål))
Ostiriya (C,U,Hausa)
Østrig (C,U,Danish)
Østrigi (C,U,Greenlandic)
Otilisi (C,U,Luba-Katanga)
Otilisi (Lingala)
Otiriis (C,U,Fulah)
Otirishe (C,U,Rundi)
Otirisi (C,U,Bambara)
Otrîsi (C,U,Sangho)
Rakousko (C,U,Czech)
Rakúsko (C,U,Slovak)
República d'Àustria (C,U,Catalan)
Ɔstria (C,U,Akan)
النمسا (C,U,Arabic)
اتریش (C,U,Pashto)
اتریش (Persian-Farsi)
ኦስትሪያ (C,U,Amharic)
ኦስትሪያ (Tigrinya)
ऑस्ट्रिया (C,U,Marathi)
ऑस्ट्रिया (Hindi)
Австрія (C,U,Ukrainian)
Ավստրիա (C,U,Armenian)
오스트리아 (C,U,Korean)
ავსტრია (C,U,Georgian)
ออสเตรีย (C,U,Thai)
ອົອດສະເຕຼຍ (C,U,Lao)
Австрија (C,U,Macedonian)
ཨས་ཊི་ཡ (C,U,Dzongkha)
Αυστρία (C,U,Greek)
オーストリア (C,U,Japanese)
Аустрија (C,U,Serbian)
ஆஸ்திரியா (C,U,Tamil)
អូទ្រីស (C,U,Khmer)
অস্ট্রিয়া (C,U,Bengali)
آسٹریا (C,U,Urdu)
ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରିଆ (C,U,Oriya)
オーストリア共和国 (C,U,Japanese)
অস্ট্রিয়া (C,U,Bengali)
ඔස්ට්‍රියාව (C,U,Sinhala)
Аўстрыя (C,U,Belorussian)
نەمسا (C,U,Central Kurdish)
ఆస్ట్రియా (C,U,Telugu)
अष्ट्रिया (C,U,Nepali)
ཨསྟྲི་ཡ། (C,U,Tibetan)
ઑસ્ટ્રિયા (C,U,Gujarati)
ಆಸ್ಟ್ರಿಯಾ (C,U,Kannada)
ဩစတြီးယား (C,U,Burmese)
ഓസ്ട്രിയ (C,U,Malayalam)
اتريش (C,U,Persian-Farsi)
Asturia (H,O)  ............ this and other historical names refer to the general area now occupied by the nation of Austria
Auster (H,O)
Austrasia (H,O)
Austrasiacus (H,O)
Austrasii (H,O)
Haustria (H,O)
Luitbaldi marchionis marchia (H,O)
Marchia orientalis (H,O)
Oriens (H,O)
Orientale regnum (H,O)
Orientalis pagus (H,O)
Ostericha (H,O)
Ostrogothia (H,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Österreich (nation)  ........  Österreich (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of European Union (union)  ........  European Union (union) (P)
Hierarchy of Österreich (nation)  ............  Österreich (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of European Economic Area (zone)  ........  European Economic Area (zone) (P,U)
Hierarchy of Österreich (nation)  ............  Österreich (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  distinct political entity emerged in 10th cen.; with current borders, after WW I
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  after WW I
empire (H)  ............  with much extended borders, from early 19th cen.
kingdom (H)  ............  created by Hapsburgs, from late 13th cen.
duchy (H)  ............  first, under Babenbergs in 1156
margraviate (H)  ............  emerged under Leopold I of Babenberg in 976
independent political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Wien .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Europe, Österreich, Wien) [7003321]
member of ....  European Union .......... (union)
................  (World, Europe) [7030305]
................  since 1995
member of ....  Euro Zone .......... (union)
................  (World, Europe) [7033130]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1955
related to ....  Austria-Hungary .......... (former nation/state/empire)
..................  (World, Holy Roman Empire, Hapsburg Empire) [6000511]

Sources and Contributors:
Австрия..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
Австрийская Республика..........  [VP]
.........................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
奥地利..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
奥地利共和国..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
ا نٍمسا..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
جُهور ةً ا نٍمسا..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
אוסטריה..........  [IMJ, VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
.................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
النمسا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
اتریش..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ኦስትሪያ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ऑस्ट्रिया..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Австрія..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Ավստրիա..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
오스트리아..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ავსტრია..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ออสเตรีย..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ອົອດສະເຕຼຍ..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Австрија..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ཨས་ཊི་ཡ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Αυστρία..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
オーストリア..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Аустрија..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ஆஸ்திரியா..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
អូទ្រីស..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
অস্ট্রিয়া..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
آسٹریا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରିଆ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
オーストリア共和国..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
অস্ট্রিয়া..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ඔස්ට්‍රියාව..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Аўстрыя..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
نەمسا..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ఆస్ట్రియా..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
अष्ट्रिया..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ཨསྟྲི་ཡ།..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ઑસ્ટ્રિયા..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ಆಸ್ಟ್ರಿಯಾ..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ဩစတြီးယား..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ഓസ്ട്രിയ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
اتريش..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
An Ostair..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Áo..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ʻAositulia..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Aostria..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Aotrisy..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Asturia..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
AT..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 11
AU00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
Auster..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Austerrike..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Austrasia..........  [VP]
....................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Austrasiacus..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Austrasii..........  [VP]
....................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Austri..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Austria..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, IMJ Preferred, VP]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 556
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
.................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
.................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 65
.................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-7
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 38
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 97
Áustria..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Àustria..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Austrian..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 3
Austria nutome..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Austrija..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Aŭstrujo..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Austurríki..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Ausztria..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
AUT..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 776
Autriche..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 65
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Avstrii..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Avstrija..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Avstriya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Avusturya..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Awistirya..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Awsteriya..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Awstria..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Awstrija..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Awusituriya..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Eysturríki..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Haustria..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
i-Austria..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
ISO040..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 11
Itävalta..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Luitbaldi marchionis marchia..........  [VP]
...............................................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Marchia orientalis..........  [VP]
...................................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Nuortariika..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Oesterreich..........  [VP]
.......................  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
Oostenrijk..........  [VP]
.......................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) II, 559
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Oostenryk..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Öösterriek..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Oriens..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Orientale regnum..........  [VP]
.............................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Orientalis pagus..........  [VP]
.............................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Orílẹ́ède Asítíríà..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Ostericha..........  [VP]
....................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Österreich..........  [FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 97 ff.
Österrike..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Østerrike..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Ostiriya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Østrig..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Østrigi..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Ostrogothia..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
Otilisi..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Otiriis..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Otirishe..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Otirisi..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Otrîsi..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Rakousko..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Rakúsko..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
República d'Àustria..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
República de Austria..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011)
Republic of Austria..........  [VP]
...................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 45-46
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
...................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Republik Österreich..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 548
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
République d'Autriche..........  [VP]
......................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 776
Ɔstria..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, IMJ, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 548
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 556
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 45-46
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 65
..................  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) II, 559
..................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2782113
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 11
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 776
..................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 36
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 65
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-7
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 38
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 3
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 97; 97 ff.
..................  Wikipedia (2000-) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austria
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) vol. 1

 

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