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ID: 300375000
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300375000

 

Record Type: concept
Citrus (genus) (Rutaceae (family), Sapindales (order), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Genus of plants that includes the citron, lemon, lime, orange, grapefruit, tangerine, shaddock, and their many varieties, most yielding pulpy fruits covered with fairly thick skins. The genus is believed to have originated in southeast Asia; citrus has been cultivated in an increasingly large area since ancient times. The precise number of natural species is unclear and their taxonomy is complex because many of the named species are clonally propagated hybrids. There is genetic evidence that even some wild breeding species are of hybrid origin: cultivated citrus may be derived from as few as four ancestral species.
 
Terms:
Citrus (genus) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,U,N)
Citrus (genus) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Citrus (genus) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
citrus (genus) (C,U,C,English,AD,U,U)
柑橘屬 (屬) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
橘屬 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
柑桔屬 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
gān jú shǔ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
gan ju shu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
kan chü shu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Plantae (kingdom)
................ Plantae (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Angiospermae (division)
.................... Angiospermae (division) (G)
Hierarchy of Magnoliopsida (class)
........................ Magnoliopsida (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Rosanae (superorder)
............................ Rosanae (superorder) (G)
Hierarchy of Sapindales (order)
................................ Sapindales (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Rutaceae (family)
.................................... Rutaceae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Citrus (genus)
........................................ Citrus (genus) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 植物的屬名,包含枸櫞、檸檬、萊姆、柑、葡萄柚、橘、柚及此類植物的多個衍生品種,多結有外皮層偏厚而果肉多的果實。一般咸認橘屬植物源於東南亞,自古以來即為人廣於各地栽種。目前尚無法確知原生橘屬植物的精確品種數量,由於許多已命名之種類皆為無性繁殖之混種,故橘屬植物的分類相當複雜。基因證據顯示有部分野生柑橘屬植物亦為混種,而現代栽種培育的柑橘屬植物最早可能僅從四個原始種繁衍而成。 
Dutch ..... Genus van planten, waaronder de sukadeboom, citroenboom, limoenboom, sinaasappelboom, grapefruit, mandarijnboom, pompelmoes en vele andere soorten. De meeste produceren vlezige vruchten met een tamelijk dikke schil. Men denkt dat het genus oorspronkelijk uit Zuidoost-Azië komt. Sinds de oudheid is men deze bomen in een steeds groter gebied gaan kweken. Het precieze aantal natuurlijke soorten is onduidelijk en hun classificatie is complex omdat veel soorten kruisingen zijn die door middel van klonering zijn gekweekt. Er is genetisch bewijs dat zelfs een aantal soorten die in het wild voorkomen oorspronkelijk kruisingen waren. Gekweekte citrusbomen stammen misschien af van niet meer dan vier oersoorten. 

Related concepts:
source for ....  citrus fruit
..................  (berries, fleshy fruit, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300266420]

Sources and Contributors:
柑橘屬 (屬)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 May 19, 2015
.................  經濟部智慧財產局-本國專利技術名詞中英對照查詢資料庫 July 14, 2020
橘屬............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 July 14, 2020
柑桔屬............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Citrus (genus)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.............................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
.............................  NCBI Taxonomy Browser (2008-)
citrus (genus)............  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
gan ju shu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
gān jú shǔ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
kan chü shu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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