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ID: 300033945
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300033945

 

Record Type: concept
icons (devotional images) (devotional images (religious works), religious visual works, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: In general meaning, images that portray a sacred entity and that are themselves regarded as sacred. In specific meaning, the term is typically used particularly for Christian images produced in the Eastern Rite churches, since the 6th century, according to prescribed formulas of subject (Christ, the Virgin, saints, and the great feasts) and composition, for devotional use in the church or home. Most commonly comprising tempera on panel, but they may be in any two-dimensional or relief medium, including fresco. Christians who venerate icons make the distinction between veneration and worship, although in actual practice the distinction is blurred. For a non-Christian image that is sacred or embodies a deity, use "idol" or "cult image."
 
Terms:
icons (devotional images) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
icon (devotional image) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
eikons (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
ikons (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
iconen (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
icoon (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,SN)
ikonen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
ikoon (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
icône (C,U,French-P,AD,U,SN)
Ikonen (Andachtsbilder) (C,U,German,D,PN)
Ikone (C,U,German,UF,U,SN)
איקונה (C,U,Hebrew,D,N)
צלמית (C,U,Hebrew,UF,N)
icona (C,U,Italian,AD,U,SN)
iconos (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
icono (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
tabla de Grecia (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)
ikon (C,U,Swedish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by function>
................ <visual works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of religious visual works
.................... religious visual works (G)
Hierarchy of devotional images (religious works)
........................ devotional images (religious works) (G)
Hierarchy of icons (devotional images)
............................ icons (devotional images) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... In het algemeen afbeeldingen waarop een heilige entiteit is geportretteerd; de afbeelding zelf wordt als heilig beschouwd. In een meer specifieke betekenis heeft de term doorgaans vooral betrekking op christelijke afbeeldingen, gemaakt vanaf de 6de eeuw binnen de context van de oosters-orthodoxe kerken, aan de hand van voorgeschreven regels voor onderwerp (Christus, Maria, heiligen en hoogfeesten) en compositie, die dienden voor godsdienstige handelingen thuis of in de kerk. Meestal zijn iconen in tempera op paneel geschilderd, maar ook andere tweedimensionale media, waaronder fresco's of reliëfs, zijn mogelijk. Christenen die iconen vereren, maken onderscheid tussen aanbidding en verering, hoewel er in de praktijk geen duidelijk onderscheid is. Gebruik 'afgodsbeeld' of 'cultusbeeld' voor een niet-christelijk beeld dat heilig is of een godheid belichaamt. 
German ..... In allgemeiner Bedeutung Bild, das ein heiliges Wesen darstellt und selbst als heilig angesehen wird. In spezieller Bedeutung wird der Begriff gewöhnlich besonders für christliche Bilder verwendet, die in den Kirchen des östlichen Ritus hergestellt werden, seit dem 6. Jahrhundert vorgeschriebenen Formeln des Themas (Christus, die Jungfrau Maria, Heilige und die großen Feste) und der Komposition entprechend, zum Andachtsgebrauch in der Kirche oder zu Hause. Am meisten üblich sind Temperatafelbilder, aber sie können aus jedem zweidimensionalen oder reliefartigen Medium sein, einschließlich Fresken. Christen, die Ikonen verehren, machen einen Unterschied zwischen Verehrung und Anbetung, obwohl in der tatsächlichen Praxis die Unterscheidung verwischt ist. Für ein nichtchristliches Bild, das heilig ist oder eine Gottheit verkörpert, benutze "Idol" oder "Kultbild".  
Spanish ..... Imágenes producidas en las iglesias de rito oriental desde el siglo VI, de acuerdo a fórmulas preescritas de temas (Cristo, la Virgen, los santos y las grandes fiestas) y composición, para uso devocional en la iglesia o en el hogar. Comúnmente en temple sobre madera, pero puede estar realizadas en cualquier medio bidimensional o en relieve, incluyendo fresco. 

Related concepts:
contextualized in ....  portable iconostases
................................  (iconostases, <screens in Christian religious buildings>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300265614]
distinguished from ....  cult images
..................................  (religious visual works, <visual works by function>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300178240]
distinguished from ....  idols
..................................  (religious visual works, <visual works by function>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300266032]
provide context ....  revetments (icon covers)
............................  (cases (containers), <containers by form>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300262909]

Sources and Contributors:
איקונה............  [IMJ]
.................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
צלמית............  [IMJ]
..............  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
eikons............  [VP]
.................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
icon (devotional image)............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, IMJ Preferred, VP]
.........................................  AASLH data (2016-)
.........................................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.........................................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term -- McGill Art Hist. Dept. slide Library -- 8/90.
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.........................................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
.........................................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
.........................................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13226; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.........................................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13226
icona............  [VP]
..............  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
icône............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP, VP]
..............  AASLH data (2016-)
..............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
..............  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
..............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13226; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
..............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13226
iconen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
icono............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
..............  Dewey, Sistema de Clasificación Decimal Dewey e Índice Relativo (2000) 348
..............  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
..............  Lucie-Smith, Diccionario de Términos de Arte (1997)
iconos............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
icons (devotional images)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
............................................  AATA database (2002-) 124872 checked 26 January 2012
............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
............................................  Kitzinger, Byzantine Art in the Making (1977) 117
............................................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986)
............................................  MDA Archaeological Objects Thesaurus [online] (1997-) accessed 24 June 2006
............................................  Oxford Companion to Art (1984)
............................................  Pierce, From Abacus to Zeus (1987)
............................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
............................................  Ringbom, Icon to Narrative (1965) 39, = devotional images
............................................  Weitzman, Age of Spirituality (1979) xxiv, Images of the Virgin, Saints, and the great feasts.
............................................  Weitzmann, Icon (1978) 13, Wood panel most common, but also fresco, textile, marble, ivory, enamel.
............................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
icoon............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
..............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
ikon............  [VP]
...........  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
Ikone............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
..............  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/695262/revisions/1176671/view
..............  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?qu=Ikone
..............  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4026532-8
..............  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
ikonen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Ikonen (Andachtsbilder)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.........................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/695262/revisions/1176671/view
ikons............  [VP]
..............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
ikoon............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
tabla de Grecia............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.............................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 605
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, IMJ, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 124872 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13226; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Coptic icons; Crusader icons; Byzantine icons; Early Christians icons; Georgian (Transcaucasia) icons
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
.......... MDA Archaeological Objects Thesaurus [online] (1997-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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