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ID: 300056472
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300056472

 

Record Type: concept
outsider art (art genres, <genres in the visual arts>, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to art created or collected according to a philosophy of avoidance of the conventional fine art tradition. The concept generally refers to art that fits the ideal described by Jean Dubuffet, who posited that art should be inventive, non-conformist, unprocessed, spontaneous, insulated from all social and cultural influences, "brut," created without thought of financial gain or public recognition, and based upon autonomous inspiration, in direct contrast to the stereotypes of the traditional or official artistic culture. Dubuffet sought such art in the work of psychiatric patients and other insulated individuals. It is generally distinct from "naive art," which is created by those without formal training, but not necessarily in accordance with the principles described above. It is also typically distinct from "folk art," which is made according to the rules and traditions of a particular culture.
 
Terms:
outsider art (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
outsider art (Swedish,AD,L,N)
outsider art (Spanish-P,D,L,N)
outsider art (Italian-P,D,L,N)
art brut (outsider art) (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
art brut (outsider art) (Dutch,UF,U,U)
art brut (Spanish,AD,U,U)
art of the insane (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
raw art (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
isolate art (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
psychiatric art (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
psychotic art (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
visionary art (outsider art) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
art, outsider (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
l'art brut (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
l'art brut (French,UF,U,U)
非主流藝術 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
粗野藝術 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
生藝術 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
澀藝術 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
原生藝術 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
fēi zhǔ liú yì shù (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
fei zhu liu yi shu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
fei chu liu i shu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
outsiderkunst (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
art marginal (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
Art brut (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
Outsider-Kunst (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
Alternativkunst (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
arte bruto (art brut) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)
arte fuereño (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,N)
outsider konst (C,U,Swedish,UF,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  B.BM

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Associated Concepts Facet
Associated Concepts Facet
Hierarchy of Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)
.... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <concepts in the arts and humanities>
........ <concepts in the arts and humanities> (G)
Hierarchy of <genres in the visual arts>
............ <genres in the visual arts> (G)
Hierarchy of art genres
................ art genres (G)
Hierarchy of outsider art
.................... outsider art (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指的是以刻意迴避正統訓練的主線思想而進行創作或收藏。這個概念一般指的是符合尚‧杜布菲 (Jean Dubuffet1901-1985) 所描述的理想,他主張藝術應該是具創造力的,非遵循舊規的,未經加工的,自然流露的,隔絕於所有社會與文化影響之外,「未經雕琢的」,沒有考慮到名或利,基於自主靈感創作出來,完全對立於傳統的或正式的有關藝術活動的刻板印象。杜布菲追求的作品,一如精神病患與其他被囚禁隔離者的作品。這類藝術一般有別於未經正式訓練的藝術家所創作的「素人藝術(naive art)」,其創作原則未必符合上述條件。這類藝術通常也有別於根據特定文化的原則與傳統所創作的「民間藝術(folk art)」。 
Dutch ..... Te gebruiken voor kunst die niet uit de cultuur van de kunstwereld is voortgekomen, zoals die zijn vorm door de internationale kunstmarkt en de gevestigde kunstinstellingen heeft gekregen, maar die spontaan door de maatstaven, tradities en gebruiken van die cultuur is bedacht; drukt vaak de persoonlijke visie of esthetiek van de kunstenaar heel goed uit. Gebruik 'volkskunst' voor het kunstgenre dat uit de traditionele regels en werkwijzen van een door cultuur gebonden samenleving of context voortkomt. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere al arte creado o colectado de acuerdo a la filosofía de la evasión de la tradición convencional de las bellas artes. El término fue acuñado en 1940 y generalmente se refiere al arte que encaja en el ideal descrito por Jean Dubuffet, que postulaba que el arte debía ser inventivo, inconformista, natural, espontáneo, aislado de todas las influencias sociales y culturales, "bruto", creado sin pensar en la ganancia financiera o reconocimiento público, y basado en inspiración autónoma, en contraste directo a los estereotipos de la cultura artística tradicional u oficial. Dubuffet buscó tal arte en el trabajo de pacientes psiquiátricos y en otro aislo a individuos. Es generalmente distinto del "arte ingenuo," que es creado por ellos sin el entrenamiento formal, pero no necesariamente de acuerdo con los principios descritos arriba. Es también genaralmente distinto de "arte popular," que se hace según las reglas y las tradiciones de una cultura particular. 

Related concepts:
created by ....  outsider artists
..................  (self-taught artists, <artists by status or location>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300266229]
distinguished from ....  folk art (traditional art)
..................................  (art genres, <genres in the visual arts>, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300056487]
distinguished from ....  naive art
..................................  (art genres, <genres in the visual arts>, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300263555]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  self-taught art
..................................................  (art genres, <genres in the visual arts>, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300266230]

Sources and Contributors:
非主流藝術............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
..............  TELDAP database (2009-)
粗野藝術............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 29
生藝術............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 29
...........  雄獅西洋美術辭典 p. 972
澀藝術............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 31, 2011
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 August 31, 2011
原生藝術............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 August 31, 2011
Alternativkunst............  [VP]
.............................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
art brut (outsider art)............  [CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.........................................  Arnason, History of Modern Art (1977) 549
.........................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.........................................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986) definition source
.........................................  Manley, Signs and Wonders, Outsider Art inside North Carolina (1989) vii
.........................................  Osborne, Guía del Arte del Siglo XX (1990)
.........................................  Oxford Companion to Art (1984) 72
.........................................  Pierce, From Abacus to Zeus (1987) 8, definition source
.........................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.........................................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Art brut............  [Belvedere Preferred, VP]
.................  Österreichische Galerie Belvedere database (2000-)
arte bruto (art brut)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
......................................  TAA database (2000-)
arte fuereño............  [VP]
.......................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
art marginal............  [VP]
.......................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
art of the insane............  [VP]
................................  Personal Communication Matt Rohn - Williams College Art Department
art, outsider............  [VP]
..........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
fei chu liu i shu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
fēi zhǔ liú yì shù............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
fei zhu liu yi shu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
isolate art............  [VP]
.......................  Manley, Signs and Wonders, Outsider Art inside North Carolina (1989) vii
l'art brut............  [VP]
.......................  Walker, Glossary of Art (1977)
outsider art............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-) okayed in spreadsheet from AAT-Ned
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 126893 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  Art and Antiques (1984-) 72, Summer 1990
.......................  Art Bibliographies Modern (1971-)
.......................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term (lead-in) - Concordia - 6/89 and RILA - 7/89
.......................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Art brut." Accessed 03/06/00.
.......................  Hall et al., Artist Outsider (1994) xiv; 21
.......................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
.......................  Manley, Signs and Wonders, Outsider Art inside North Carolina (1989) vii
.......................  Pierce, From Abacus to Zeus (1987) Vol. 8
.......................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.......................  Tuchman and Eliel, Parallel Visions (1992) 11
.......................  Walker, Glossary of Art (1977)
.......................  Walker, Glossary of Art (1992) 485
outsider konst............  [VP]
.............................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
Outsider-Kunst............  [VP]
.............................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
outsiderkunst............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
..........................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..........................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
psychiatric art............  [VP]
.............................  Oxford Companion to Art (1984) 938
psychotic art............  [VP]
..........................  Personal Communication Suggested by Matt Rohn.
raw art............  [VP]
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Manley, Signs and Wonders, Outsider Art inside North Carolina (1989) vii
visionary art (outsider art)............  [VP]
...............................................  Manley, Signs and Wonders, Outsider Art inside North Carolina (1989) vii
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 126893 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
.......... IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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