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ID: 300037038
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300037038

 

Record Type: concept
spears (weapons) (staff weapons, edged weapons, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Simple staff weapons having a sharp-pointed head and no auxiliary blades or points, used both in warfare and hunting since ancient times in many cultures and regions. Various forms have been designed for thrusting or throwing or both.
 
Terms:
spears (weapons) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
spear (weapon) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
矛 (武器) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
máo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
mao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
mao (Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
speren (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
speer (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
spiesen (stokwapens) (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
spietsen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
lances (spears) (C,U,French-P,D,U,PN)
foène (C,U,French,AD,U,FSN)
lance (spear) (C,U,French,AD,U,SN)
lanzas (arma) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
lanza (arma) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Weapons and Ammunition (hierarchy name)
........ Weapons and Ammunition (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of weapons
............ weapons (G)
Hierarchy of edged weapons
................ edged weapons (G)
Hierarchy of staff weapons
.................... staff weapons (G)
Hierarchy of spears (weapons)
........................ spears (weapons) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 具尖銳矛頭,但無從屬刀刃或尖刺的簡易長柄武器。自遠古時期在許多文化以及地區,即用於戰事和狩獵方面。矛有各式各樣的設計,其用途為刺擊、投擲,或者兩者皆有。 
Dutch ..... Stokwapens met een scherpe punt en zonder extra bladen of punten; om mee te gooien of te stoten of beide, gebruikt bij zowel het oorlogvoeren als bij de jacht. 
Spanish ..... Úsese generalmente para las armas de asta sencillas que tienen una cabeza puntiaguda filuda y carecen de hojas o puntas auxiliares, usadas indistintamente en guerras y cacerías desde los tiempos antiguos en muchas culturas y regiones. Diferentes formas se han diseñado para dar estocadas o lanzar, o para ambos propósitos. 

Related concepts:
provide context ....  spearheads
............................  (staff weapon components, edged weapon components, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300037118]

Sources and Contributors:
矛 (武器)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  智慧藏百科全書網 June 26, 2013
.................  朗文當代大辭典 1692
foène............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP]
..............  AASLH data (2016-)
..............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
..............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/8203; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
..............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 8203
..............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
lance (spear)............  [CHIN / RCIP, VP]
..........................  CHIN database (1988-)
lances (spears)............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
lanza (arma)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.......................  Meyer, Manual de Ornamentación (2004) 512
.......................  Pérez Montás, La platería de la Catedral de Santo Domingo, primada de América (1993) 79
lanzas (arma)............  [VP]
..........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
mao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
máo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
spear (weapon)............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP, VP]
.............................  AASLH data (2016-)
.............................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988)
.............................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.............................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/8203; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.............................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 8203
.............................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
spears (weapons)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 129085 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-) spears
.............................  Blair, European and American Arms (1962) 30; spears
.............................  Candidate term BHA - 5/91; spears
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) spears
.............................  Connolly, Greece and Rome at War (1981) IND; spears
.............................  Diagram Group, Weapons (1980) illustration, 58; spears
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.............................  Norman and Pottinger, English Weapons and Warfare (1979) illustration; spears
.............................  Quick, Weapons and Military Terms (1973) illustration; spears
.............................  Robinson, Armour of Imperial Rome (1975) IND; spears
.............................  Snodgrass, Early Greek Armour and Weapons (1964) IND; spears
.............................  Tarassuk and Blair, Complete Encyclopedia of Arms and Armor (1979) illustration; spears
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) spears
speer............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
speren............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
spiesen (stokwapens)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
spietsen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 129085 checked 26 January 2012
............  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988) spear, squid
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/8203; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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