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ID: 300011973
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300011973

 

Record Type: concept
birch (wood) (hardwood, <wood by composition or origin>, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Strong, pale yellow-brown wood from trees of the genus Betula, having a close, straight grain and uniform texture that finishes to a smooth surface. It is sometimes dyed to imitate mahogany. Birch is used for tools handles, plywood, hoops, shoe heels, flooring, furniture, cabinetry, turnery, and firewood. The bark is also used for various purposes.
 
Terms:
birch (wood) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
樺木 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
huà mù (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
hua mu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
hua mu (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
birk (wood) (C,U,Danish-P,D,U,U)
berkenhout (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
bouleau (bois) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
Birke (Holz) (C,U,German-P,D,U,U)
beulla (legno) (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,U)
bjørk (wood) (C,U,Norwegian (Nynorsk)-P,D,U,U)
brzoza (wood) (C,U,Polish-P,D,U,U)
betula (madeira) (C,U,Portuguese-P,D,U,U)
abedul (madera) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
björk (wood) (C,U,Swedish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by origin>
............ <materials by origin> (G)
Hierarchy of biological material
................ biological material (G)
Hierarchy of plant material
.................... plant material (G)
Hierarchy of <wood and wood by product>
........................ <wood and wood by product> (G)
Hierarchy of wood (plant material)
............................ wood (plant material) (G)
Hierarchy of <wood by composition or origin>
................................ <wood by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of hardwood
.................................... hardwood (G)
Hierarchy of birch (wood)
........................................ birch (wood) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 屬於樺木屬(Betula)樹木的木材,灰白到紅棕色,用於製造家具、地板材料、細工家具、車削產品。 
Dutch ..... Hout van de boom behorende tot het genus Betula, vaal- tot roodbruin van kleur. Het wordt gebruikt voor het maken van meubilair, vloeren, kabinetten en draaiwerk. 
Spanish ..... Madera del árbol perteneciente al género Betula, de color pálido a marrón rojizo, utilizada para fabricar muebles, pisos, ebanistería y tornería. 

Related concepts:
derived/made from ....  Betula (genus)
................................  (Betulaceae (family), Fagales (order), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300343919]

Sources and Contributors:
樺木............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 May 13, 2012
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 May 13, 2012
...........  故宮後設資料需求規格書 19
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 May 13, 2012
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 46
abedul (madera)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.............................  Brickell y Joyce, Enciclopedia de la poda (1997) 55
berkenhout............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Wiselius, Houtvademecum (1990)
betula (madeira)............  [VP]
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
beulla (legno)............  [VP]
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
birch (wood)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 121032 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 96
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  Montgomery, American furniture: Federal Period (1966) 37
.......................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
.......................  Stein, Construction Glossary (1980) 172
birk (wood)............  [VP]
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Birke (Holz)............  [VP]
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
bjørk (wood)............  [VP]
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
björk (wood)............  [VP]
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
bouleau (bois)............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
brzoza (wood)............  [VP]
..........................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
hua mu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
huà mù............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121032 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Wiselius, Houtvademecum (1990)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) 'birch." Accessed 10/16/01
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Wiselius, Houtvademecum (1990)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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