The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples)

ID: 300000953
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300000953

 

Record Type: concept
piers (supporting elements) (<piers and pier components>, <supporting and resisting elements>, ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to relatively isolated, solid supports of masonry or another material designed to sustain vertical pressure, including a square or rectangular pillar or pilaster, the solid masonry between doors and windows, the pillars from which an arch springs, or the pillars or posts of a gate or door. A pier may also be a solid structure of masonry or ironwork supporting a telescope or other large instrument. It is sometimes distinguished from columns or posts by being more massive in size and often square or rectangular in cross section. For cylindrical uprights and for all uprights in steel and concrete frames, the term "columns (architectural elements)" is more often appropriate; for wooden uprights square in cross-section, "posts" may be more appropriate.
 
Terms:
piers (supporting elements) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
pier (supporting element) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
pijlers (dragende elementen) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
pijler (dragend element) (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
pilaar (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
pilaren (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
pilares (elemento de soporte) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
pilar (elemento de soporte) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PJ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <structural elements and components for structural elements>
.................... <structural elements and components for structural elements> (G)
Hierarchy of structural elements
........................ structural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <supporting and resisting elements>
............................ <supporting and resisting elements> (G)
Hierarchy of <piers and pier components>
................................ <piers and pier components> (G)
Hierarchy of piers (supporting elements)
.................................... piers (supporting elements) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <structural elements and components for structural elements>
.................... <structural elements and components for structural elements> (G)
Hierarchy of structural elements
........................ structural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <supporting and resisting elements>
............................ <supporting and resisting elements> (G)
Hierarchy of pillars
................................ pillars (G)
Hierarchy of piers (supporting elements)
.................................... piers (supporting elements) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar relatief geïsoleerde, stevige dragende elementen van metselwerk of ander materiaal, ontworpen om verticale druk te dragen, waaronder een vierkante of rechthoekige pilaar of pilaster, het massieve metselwerk tussen deuren en ramen, de pilaren waarop een boog rust of de pilaren of stijlen van een poort of deur. Een pijler kan ook een massieve structuur van metselwerk of ijzerwerk zijn die een telescoop of een ander groot instrument ondersteunt. Worden soms onderscheiden van zuilen of palen doordat ze massiever zijn en vaak vierkant of rechthoekig in dwarsdoorsnede. Gebruik 'zuilen (bouwelementen)' voor cilindervormige stutten en voor alle stutten in staal- en betonconstructies; gebruik 'palen' voor houten stutten die vierkant zijn in dwarsdoorsnede. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  columns (architectural elements)
..................................  (<columns and column components>, <supporting and resisting elements>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300001571]
distinguished from ....  posts (structural elements)
..................................  (<supporting and resisting elements>, structural elements, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300001609]
distinguished from ....  wall posts
..................................  (<posts by location or context>, posts (structural elements), ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300395560]

Sources and Contributors:
pier (supporting element)............  [VP]
............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
piers (supporting elements)............  [VP Preferred]
...............................................  Avery Index (1963-)
...............................................  Dictionary of Architecture (1887-1892)
...............................................  Fletcher, History of Architecture (1975) GLOS; piers
...............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
...............................................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) illustration; piers
...............................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) piers (columns)
...............................................  ROOT Thesaurus (1981) piers (columns)
...............................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) piers
pijler (dragend element)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
pijlers (dragende elementen)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
pilaar............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
pilar (elemento de soporte)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
...............................................  Pérez Montás, La platería de la Catedral de Santo Domingo, primada de América (1993) 76
...............................................  Robb, Diccionario para Ingenieros (1979) 535
...............................................  Toman, El Barroco. Arquitectura, escultura, pintura (1997) 486
pilaren............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
pilares (elemento de soporte)............  [CDBP-SNPC]
..................................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1993)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
.......... Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust