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ID: 300133018
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300133018

 

Record Type: concept
toranas (ceremonial gates, gate structures, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Sacred or honorific gateways made of wood or stone, comprised of two uprights with one and three crosspieces, or arched, found in Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain architecture.
 
Terms:
toranas (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
toranas (Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
toranas (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
torana (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
torana (Spanish,AD,U,SN)
toran (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
torans (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
陀蘭納 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
陀欄娜 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
大塔塔門 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
禮門 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
塔門牌坊 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
tuó lán nà (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
tuo lan na (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
t'o lan na (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
portal al aire libre (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)
puerta del viento (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by function>
.................... <single built works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of gate structures
........................ gate structures (G)
Hierarchy of ceremonial gates
............................ ceremonial gates (G)
Hierarchy of toranas
................................ toranas (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 具有兩條交錯之通廊和四個正面的拱門,通常為紀念性建築,有時會建於道路交會處。在古羅馬帝國時代,主要建於非洲及帝國東部。 

Related concepts:
basis of ....  p'ai-lous
..............  (ceremonial gates, gate structures, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300130888]
distinguished from ....  torii
..................................  (ceremonial gates, gate structures, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300005100]

Sources and Contributors:
陀蘭納............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  世界建築經典圖鑑 335
陀欄娜............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  印度藝術史概論 49
大塔塔門............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
禮門............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
塔門牌坊............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
portal al aire libre............  [CDBP-SNPC]
...................................  Bussogli, Arquitectura Oriental (1974)
puerta del viento............  [CDBP-SNPC]
................................  Bussogli, Arquitectura Oriental (1974)
t'o lan na............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
toran............  [VP]
..............  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977) 540
torana............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.................  Bussogli, Arquitectura Oriental (1974)
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
toranas............  [CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
.................  Copplestone, ed., World Architecture (1966) GLOS
.................  Paine and Soper, Art and Architecture of Japan (1981) GLOS
.................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) Vol. 2, 469
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
torans............  [VP]
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
tuo lan na............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
tuó lán nà............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Fleming et al., Penguin Dictionary of Architecture (1981)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) "toran"; accessed 20 May 2010
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]

 

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