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ID: 300006273
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300006273

 

Record Type: concept
windmills (mills (buildings), <single built works by function>, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Buildings or devices with sails or vanes that turn in the wind and generate power. The devices operate by means of a rotating shaft on which sails are mounted or placed at an angle so that the force of wind against them causes rotation, which in turn produced energy. Windmills were historically used chiefly in flat districts for operating a mill to grind grain or pump water; the older and most characteristic European form consists of a conical mill-house with a dome or cap supporting four sails. Modern devices tap the wind to produce electricity by using a disk of sails mounted on a framework.
 
Terms:
windmills (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
windmill (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
wind-mills (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
wind engines (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
風車 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
風車磨坊 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
fēng chē (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
feng che (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
feng ch'e (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
windmolens (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
windmolen (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
éolienne (C,U,French-P,AD,U,FSN)
molinos de viento (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
molino de viento (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by function>
.................... <single built works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of mills (buildings)
........................ mills (buildings) (G)
Hierarchy of windmills
............................ windmills (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by function>
.................... <single built works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of industrial structures
........................ industrial structures (G)
Hierarchy of industrial buildings
............................ industrial buildings (G)
Hierarchy of factories (structures)
................................ factories (structures) (G)
Hierarchy of <factories by power source>
.................................... <factories by power source> (G)
Hierarchy of windmills
........................................ windmills (G)
 
Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Tools and Equipment (hierarchy name)
........ Tools and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of equipment
............ equipment (G)
Hierarchy of <equipment by process>
................ <equipment by process> (G)
Hierarchy of <moving and transporting equipment>
.................... <moving and transporting equipment> (G)
Hierarchy of <moving and transporting machinery>
........................ <moving and transporting machinery> (G)
Hierarchy of pumping machinery
............................ pumping machinery (G)
Hierarchy of windmills
................................ windmills (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指用來開發風力的設備,一般來說也指用來維護或置放此設備的建築物或結構物。特徵上來看,此裝備運轉的方式,是利用架置在轉軸上的翼板,將翼板調整至一特殊角度,以讓風力能推動翼板,使轉軸旋轉,藉此動作產生能源。風車傳統上大部分是用在平坦的地區,藉著粉碎機的運轉來磨碎穀物、抽水或發電。老式且最典型的歐式風車,還包括圓錐形的磨坊屋,其上有圓頂或圓蓋以維護風車的四塊翼板;而現代的美式風車,其翼板則圍成圓盤狀,架置在研磨機上,大部分是用來打水和切割物品。  
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar een mechanisme voor het effectief benutten van windenergie; verwijst meestal ook naar het gebouw waarin het mechanisme is ondergebracht of de structuur die het mechanisme draagt. Kenmerkend voor het mechanisme is de roterende as waarop wieken zijn aangebracht, al dan niet in een hoek, waarbij de windkracht de wieken tot draaien brengt om aldus energie op te wekken. Van oudsher stonden windmolens meestal in vlakke gebieden en dienden ze voor het malen van graan, het pompen van water of het opwekken van elektriciteit. De oudere, meest karakteristieke vormen zoals die in Europa voorkomen, bestaan uit een kegelvormig molengebouw met woongedeelte met daarop een kap die vier wieken draagt. De moderne Amerikaanse vorm bestaat uit een schijf met wieken op een raamwerk van onderslagen, en wordt meestal gebruikt om een pomp of zaag aan te drijven. 

Related concepts:
provide context ....  sails (equipment)
............................  (power producing equipment, <equipment by process>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300185694]

Sources and Contributors:
風車............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 May 2, 2012
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 May 2, 2012
...........  建築學英漢辭典 465
...........  牛津當代大辭典 2069
...........  經濟部智慧財產局-本國專利專利技術名詞中英對照查詢資料庫 May 2, 2012
...........  行政院研究發展考核委員會-雙語詞彙資料庫 May 2, 2012
風車磨坊............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
éolienne............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/8906; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 8906
feng che............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
fēng chē............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
feng ch'e............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
molino de viento............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.............................  Dewey, Sistema de Clasificación Decimal Dewey e Índice Relativo (2000) 488
.............................  The Oxford- Duden Pictorial Spanish and English Dictionary (1995)
molinos de viento............  [CDBP-SNPC]
................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
wind engines............  [VP]
.......................  Avery Index (1963-)
.......................  Contributed as a candidate term
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
windmill............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/8906; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 8906
windmills............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
....................  AATA database (2002-) 130580 checked 26 January 2012
....................  Avery Index (1963-)
....................  Canadian Thesaurus of Construction Science and Technology (1978)
....................  Canadian Urban Thesaurus (1979)
....................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
....................  Reynolds, Windmills and Watermills (1970) TITL
....................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
....................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
....................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
....................  Winter, Industrial Architecture (1970) 8
wind-mills............  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
windmolen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
windmolens............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 130580 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/8906; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)

 

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