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ID: 300375398
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300375398

 

Record Type: concept
Zea mays (species) (Zea (genus), Poaceae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Species of cereal plant native to the Americas but introduced to the rest of the world in the 16th century. It is a tall annual grass with a sturdy stalk; it produces rows of edible kernels along an oblong ears growing from the thick stalk. It is known in many varieties having yellow, red, blue, pink, and black kernels, often banded, spotted, or striped. Corn is used as livestock feed, as human food, a raw material in industry, fuel, corn oil, corn syrup, cornstarch, corn flour, and ethanol (whiskey, gasoline). In addition to biomass for fuel, the stalks have been used as additives for acoustical tiles. Corncobs have been carved into smoking pipes; cobs and husks have been used for dolls.
 
Terms:
Zea mays (species) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,U,PN)
Zea mays (species) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
Zea mays (soort) (Dutch,D,U,U)
corn (species) (C,U,C,English,AD,U,N)
maize plant (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
maize (species) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
toctli (C,U,Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl,UF,B)  ............ variant orthography
toctli (Classical Nahuatl-P,UF,B)
majs (species) (C,U,C,Danish,AD,U,N)
majs (species) (Swedish,AD,U,N)
maïs (species) (C,U,C,French,AD,U,N)
maïs (soort) (Dutch,AD,U,N)
mais (C,U,C,Dutch,UF,U,U)
mais (species) (Italian,AD,U,U)
Mais (species) (C,U,C,German,AD,U,N)
maíz (species) (C,U,C,Spanish,AD,U,N)
planta de maíz (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)
plantas de maíz (C,U,Spanish,UF,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Plantae (kingdom)
................ Plantae (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Angiospermae (division)
.................... Angiospermae (division) (G)
Hierarchy of Liliopsida (class)
........................ Liliopsida (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Poales (order)
............................ Poales (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Poaceae (family)
................................ Poaceae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Zea (genus)
.................................... Zea (genus) (G)
Hierarchy of Zea mays (species)
........................................ Zea mays (species) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Graangewas dat afkomstig is uit Amerika, maar in de zestiende eeuw werd geïntroduceerd in de rest van de wereld. Het is een hoge eenjarige grassoort met een stevige steel. De vrucht bestaat uit rijen eetbare pitten op langwerpige aren die aan de dikke steel groeien. Er zijn veel verschillende variëteiten met gele, rode, blauwe, roze en zwarte kolven, vaak met spikkels of strepen. Mais gebruikt men als voedsel voor mensen en dieren, als grondstof in de industrie, voor het maken van brandstof, maisolie, maissiroop, maizena, maisbloem en ethanol (whisky, benzine). De stengels gebruikt men als biomassa om brandstof te maken, maar ook voor systeemplafonds. Uit maiskolven sneed men vroeger tabakspijpen. De kolven en het vlies eromheen gebruikte men om poppen te maken.  
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl ..... Tlamantli toctli tlen ce cuayollotl elqui ipan Americas zanpampa calacqui pan tlaltepactli ipan xihuicahuitl XVI. Ni ce xihuitl huahcapantic ica ce icuayo tlahuel chicahuac, tlahtlatzquitoc cintlancochtli ica pamitl huan mocua, eli ipan ce xilotl cuahuehueyactzin tlen mozcaltia achi cuahuehueyac huan tomahuac. Tlahuel moixmati pampa oncah miac tlamantli cintli quence coztic, chichiltic, tzictic, cuahuencho huan yayahuic, nochipa yahyahualtic, pihpintohtic huan pantlahuazantli. Cintli motequihuia quence tlacualiztli para torohmeh, tlacualiztli para macehualmeh, ce tlamatli tlen motequihuia ipan induztria, comboztible, aceyiteh tlen cintli, harabe tlen cintli, arina tlen cintli huan etanol (wisky, gasolina). Nouhquiya nopa tlen quillia biomasa motequihuia para comboztible, icuayo motequihuia para moteyotiliz ce tlamantli tencaquiliztli. Cintli itotomocho motequihuia para mochihuaz cuamoñecaz. 
Spanish ..... Especie de planta de cereal nativa de las Américas pero introducida en el resto del mundo en el siglo XVI. Es una hierba alta anual con un tallo robusto; produce hileras de granos comestibles a lo largo de una espiga oblonga que crece del grueso tallo. Es conocido en muchas variedades que tienen granos amarillos, rojos, azules, rosados y negros, a menudo anillados, manchados o rayados. El maíz se usa como alimento para el ganado, como alimento humano, materia prima en la industria, combustible, aceite de maíz, jarabe de maíz, almidón de maíz, harina de maíz y etanol (whisky, gasolina). Además de la biomasa para combustible, los tallos se han utilizado como aditivos para baldosas acústicas. Las mazorcas de maíz han sido talladas en pipas para fumar. Las mazorcas y las cáscaras se han utilizado para muñecas. 

Related concepts:
source for ....  corn (seed)
..................  (seed (material), <seed and seed components materials>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011903]
source for ....  corncob (material)
..................  (plant material, biological material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300248326]
source for ....  corn oil
..................  (vegetable oil, <oil by composition or origin>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300014316]
source for ....  cornstalk (plant material)
..................  (stalk (plant material), plant material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011905]
source for ....  cornstarch
..................  (starch, carbohydrate, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300386593]
source for ....  maize leaf (material)
..................  (leaf (plant material), plant material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300390929]
source for ....  maize stamens
..................  (plant components, biological components, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300445450]
source for ....  mazamorra
..................  (food, <materials by function>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300411624]
source for ....  zein
..................  (protein, organic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300386637]

Sources and Contributors:
corn (species)............  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.............................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
.............................  USDA Classification online (2008-)
Mais (species)............  [VP]
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
maïs (soort)............  [VP]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-) okayed per spreadsheet from AAT-Ned
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
mais ()............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
maíz (species)............  [VP]
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
maize (species)............  [VP]
.............................  NCBI Taxonomy Browser (2008-)
maize plant............  [GRI-FloCo]
.......................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
majs (species)............  [VP]
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
planta de maíz............  [GRI-FloCo]
.............................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
plantas de maíz............  [GRI-FloCo]
.............................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
toctli............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  Karttunen 1992 243
.................  Molina 1571 (2) 148v
.................  Sahagún 2012 (II) 62
.................  Simeon 1992 712
.................  Sullivan et al. 2016 547
.................  Wimmer 2020
Zea mays (species)............  [GRI-FloCo Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...................................  AAT-Ned online (2000-)
...................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
...................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
...................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
...................................  NCBI Taxonomy Browser (2008-)
...................................  USDA Classification online (2008-)
 
Subject: .....  [GRI-FloCo, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
............  Van Dale Groot woordenboek van de Nederlandse taal (2009)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
Spanish .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)

 

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