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ID: 300250148
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300250148

 

Record Type: concept
Equus caballus (species) (Equus (genus), Equidae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Hooved animal. Original populations of Equus caballus were once found in the steppe zone from Poland to Mongolia. Now domesticated, horses occur throughout the world and in feral populations in some areas. Three of the several early breeds of horse - Przewalski's horse from central Asia, the tarpan from eastern Europe and the Ukrainian steppes, and the forest horse of northern Europe - are generally thought to have been the ancestral stock of modern domestic horses. According to this line of thinking, Przewalski's horse and the tarpan formed the basic breeding stock from which the southerly 'warm-blooded' horses developed, while the forest horse gave rise to the heavy, 'cold-blooded' breeds. All modern breeds are divided as light, fast, spirited breeds typified by the modern Arabian, heavier, slower, and calmer working breeds typified by the Belgian, and intermediate breeds typified by the Thoroughbred. They are also classified according to where they originated (e.g., Percheron, Clydesdale, and Arabian), by the principal use of the horse (riding, draft, coach horse), and by their outward appearance and size (light, heavy, pony).
 
Terms:
Equus caballus (species) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,U,PN)
Equus caballus (species) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
horse (species) (C,U,C,English,AD,U,N)
horses (species) (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
馬 (種) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U)
ma (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U)
ma (Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin),UF,U)
ma (Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U)
cahuallo (C,U,Classical Nahuatl-P,UF,SN)  ............ variant orthography
cahuayo (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,N)  ............ variant orthography; loan from Spanish
cauallo (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,SN)  ............ variant orthography
mazatl (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,L,U)  ............ variant orthography
paarden (zoogdieren) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
paard (zoogdier) (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
cahuayoh (C,U,Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl,UF,SN)  ............ variant orthography, Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl
cahuayohmeh (C,U,Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl,UF,U)  ............ alternate term
caballo (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)
caballos (C,U,Spanish,UF,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Animalia (kingdom)
................ Animalia (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Chordata (phylum)
.................... Chordata (phylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Vertebrata (subphylum)
........................ Vertebrata (subphylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Mammalia (class)
............................ Mammalia (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Perissodactyla (order)
................................ Perissodactyla (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Equidae (family)
.................................... Equidae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Equus (genus)
........................................ Equus (genus) (G)
Hierarchy of Equus caballus (species)
............................................ Equus caballus (species) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 最早的馬可見範圍由波蘭延伸至蒙古的大草原。現在被人類馴養,世界各地都可見馬的蹤跡,某些地區則還有野馬。一般認為最原始的三種馬—中亞的蒙古野馬(Przewalski's horse)、東歐與烏克蘭草原的歐洲野馬(tarpan)、北歐的山林馬(forest horse)—為現代家畜馬的原始族系。依據這種思考方向,蒙古野馬與歐洲野馬組成基本的種畜,由此發展出南方「溫血」的馬,山林馬則演化成大而結實的「冷血」品種。現代品種被分成輕巧、敏捷、勇猛的品種,如典型的現代阿拉伯馬;體型較大、速度較緩慢、較沈著的工作用品種,如典型的比利時馬;以及介於兩者之間的純種馬。牠們也依原產地分類,如佩爾什馬(Percheron)、克萊茲代爾馬(Clydesdale)與阿拉伯馬;主要用途分成乘用馬、役用馬、挽用馬;與牠們的外表與體型分為輕型馬、重型馬、小型馬。 
Dutch ..... Geslacht van viervoetige, als rij-, last- en trekdier gebruikte zoogdieren uit de familie der eenhoevigen; het onderscheidt zich van de andere leden daarvan door de langbehaarde staart, korte opstaande oren en lange manen. 
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl ..... Tecuanih tlen iztehuehhuei. Chantli chantli tlen Equus caballus quinahciqueh ce huelta ipan ce canahya ipehuayan Polonia azta Mongolia. Naman manzoz, cahuayohmeh nemih ipan nochi tlaltepactli huan cequin cahuayohmeh nocca cerreroz - cahuayoh Przewalski tlen Asia Central, tlen tarpan Europa oriental huan tlen estepas ucranianas, huan cahuayoh tlen cuatitlan ica norte tlen Europa- nochi eliyayah zo huallohuih tlen nelhuahcapatl ica cahuayohmeh tlen naman. Quihtoah ni tlanehnehuiliztli tlen cahuayoh Przewalski huan tlen tarpan eliyaya tlen conetemayayah huan eliyayan quence "ininezzo totonic", noque cahuayohmeh tlen cuatitlan eliyayah cahuayohmeh tlen "ininezzo cecec". Nochi tlamantli cahuayohmeh tlen naman moxeloah quence axehetiqueh, carreraz huan panpepetlacah quence tlen arebez tlen naman, quichihuah tequitl tlen tlahuel tetic, yolic huan manzoz tlen quence belga huan cahuayohmeh tlen zan tlahtlahco pampa iezzo quence pura. Nouhquiya momanextia quence tlen campa ehuah (quence Percheron, Clydesdale huan Árabe) huan nouhquiya tlen queniuhcatzan motequihuia (cahuayoh tlen motorah, tlen quitilana cuacarroh) huan tlen queniuhcatzan neci iixco huan ihuexca (ahcazotic, etic huan echcapantzin). 
Spanish ..... Un animal con pezuñas. Las poblaciones originales de Equus caballus fueron encontradas una vez en la zona esteparia desde Polonia hasta Mongolia. Ahora domesticados, los caballos se encuentran en todo el mundo y en poblaciones salvajes en algunas zonas. Se cree que tres de las diversas razas tempranas de caballos -el caballo de Przewalski de Asia central, el tarpán de Europa oriental y las estepas ucranianas, y el caballo del bosque del norte de Europa- fueron en general la cepa ancestral de los caballos domésticos modernos. Según esta línea de pensamiento, el caballo de Przewalski y el tarpán formaron la raza básica de cría de la que se desarrollaron los caballos de "sangre caliente" del sur, mientras que el caballo del bosque dio lugar a las razas pesadas de "sangre fría". Todas las razas modernas se dividen como razas ligeras, rápidas y briosas tipificadas por el árabe moderno, razas de trabajo más pesadas, lentas y tranquilas tipificadas por el belga, y razas intermedias tipificadas por el pura sangre. También se clasifican según su origen (por ejemplo, Percherón, Clydesdale y Árabe), según el uso principal del caballo (caballo de silla, de tiro, de carruaje) y según su aspecto exterior y su tamaño (ligero, pesado, pony). 

Related concepts:
are acted upon by ....  horse breeders
............................  (livestock breeders, <people in agriculture>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300136457]
are acted upon by ....  jockeys
............................  (athletes, <people by activity>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300188603]
involved in ....  cavalcades
....................  (processions, cultural ceremonies, ... Events (hierarchy name)) [300379051]
involved in ....  dressage
....................  (performances (creative events), entertainment events, ... Events (hierarchy name)) [300379279]
involved in ....  equestrian ballets
....................  (dances (performing arts compositions), Literary and Performing Arts Works (hierarchy name), Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300379019]
involved in ....  polo (field sport)
....................  (field sports, sports, ... Physical and Mental Activities (hierarchy name)) [300222762]
involved with ....  collars (horse collars)
........................  (<animal work equipment for pulling>, animal work equipment, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300255580]
involved with ....  equestrian portraits
........................  (portraits, <visual works by subject type>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300403976]
involved with ....  horse armor
........................  (animal equipment, <equipment by context>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300036900]
involved with ....  horse blankets
........................  (animal blankets, <blankets by location or context>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300257363]
involved with ....  horsecars
........................  (light rail transit vehicles, transit railway vehicles, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300219774]
involved with ....  horse-drawn vehicles
........................  (<land vehicles by method of propulsion>, land vehicles, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300227856]
involved with ....  horse trappings
........................  (animal trappings, animal equipment, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300265358]
involved with ....  saddles (seats)
........................  (<animal work equipment for riding>, animal work equipment, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300212972]
required for ....  horse breeding
......................  (animal husbandry (activity), agricultural functions, ... Functions (hierarchy name)) [300443490]
used/located in ....  horse barns
............................  (<barns by function>, barns, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300004908]
used/located in ....  horse farms
............................  (<farms by function>, farms, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300199033]
used/located in ....  horse racetracks
............................  (racetracks (complexes), sports complexes, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300000608]

Sources and Contributors:
馬 (種)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
..............  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 17, 2011
..............  故宮後設資料需求規格書 3
..............  教育部重編國語辭典修訂本 August 17, 2011
..............  智慧藏百科全書網 August 17, 2011
..............  朗文當代大辭典 848
..............  牛頓生物辭典 170
caballo............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
caballos............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
cahuallo............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  Lockhart 1991 78
.................  Lockhart 1992 293
cahuayo............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  Bierhorst 1985 328
.................  Boas and Haeberlin 1924 368
cahuayoh............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  Sullivan et al. 2016 50
cahuayohmeh............  [GRI-FloCo]
.......................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
cauallo............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  Molina 1571 (2) 12v
.................  Simeon 1992 69
Equus caballus (species)............  [GRI-FloCo Preferred, VP Preferred]
.........................................  Animal Diversity Web (1995-) accessed 17 May 2006
.........................................  Britannica Student Encyclopedia Online (2002-) accessed 17 May 2006
.........................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
.........................................  Natural History Museum, London (2000-) accessed 17 May 2006
horse (species)............  [GRI-FloCo, VP]
.............................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
.............................  Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary [online] (1997-2002)
horses (species)............  [GCI Preferred, VP]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 124747 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-) horses
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989) horses
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) horses
ma............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
mazatl............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  Olko 2014 92
.................  Sahagún 2012 (III) 19
paard (zoogdier)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  MARDOC
.............................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
paarden (zoogdieren)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...................................  MARDOC
...................................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, GCI, GRI-FloCo, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 124747 checked 26 January 2012
............  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Animal Diversity Web (1995-) accessed 17 May 2006
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 17 May 2006
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... MARDOC
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
Spanish .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)

 

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