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ID: 300138319
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300138319

 

Record Type: concept
oil prints (photographic prints) (pigment prints, <photographic prints by process>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Hand-inked photographs produced by a bichromate process developed by G.E.H. Rawlins ca. 1904. A sheet of paper is coated with a thin layer of gelatin and sensitized with bichromate, dried in the dark and exposed under a negative. Exposure hardens the gelatin in the shadow areas and partially in mid-tones. Soaking in water subsequently removes sensitizer and causes the mid-tone and highlight areas to absorb moisture. Oil based inks are repelled in these areas, and remain to a greater or lesser degree in others. The plate is then allowed to dry or is transfer-printed to another sheet, then re-inked for more prints.
 
Terms:
oil prints (photographic prints) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
oil print (photographic print) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
oil photoprints (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
oil pigment prints (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
prints, oil (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
oliedrukken (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
oliedruk (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
Öldrucke (C,U,German,D,PN)
Öldruck (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
oleotipie (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,PN)
copias al óleo (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
copia al óleo (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of photographs
.................... photographs (G)
Hierarchy of <photographs by form>
........................ <photographs by form> (G)
Hierarchy of positives (photographs)
............................ positives (photographs) (G)
Hierarchy of photographic prints
................................ photographic prints (G)
Hierarchy of <photographic prints by process>
.................................... <photographic prints by process> (G)
Hierarchy of pigment prints
........................................ pigment prints (G)
Hierarchy of oil prints (photographic prints)
............................................ oil prints (photographic prints) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Papier met een gelatinelaagje wordt lichtgevoelig gemaakt met kaliumdichromaat. Na droging wordt het papier in contact met een negatief belicht. Wanneer men het papier daarna in koud water legt, zwellen de onbelichte delen op; de belichte (gelooide) gedeelten nemen minder of helemaal geen water op. Het vochtige gelatinereliëf neemt daardoor meer vette inkt aan in de gelooide gedeelten, waar het water de inkt afstoot. De olieverf wordt meestal tamponerend met een kwast aangebracht. Bij de oliedruk laat men de inkt indrogen op het gelatinereliëf. 
German ..... Handgefärbte Fotografie, die in einem Bichromat-Verfahren, das von G.E.H. Rawling um 1904 entwickelt wurde, hergestellt wird. Ein Blatt Papier wird mit einer dünnen Gelatineschicht beschichtet, mit Bichromat lichtempfindlich gemacht, im Dunkeln getrocknet und unter einem Negativ belichtet. Die Belichtung verhärtet die Gelatine in den Schattenbereichen und teilweise in den Zwischentönen. Das folgende Einweichen in Wasser entfernt die lichtempfindliche Schicht und lässt die Zwischentöne und Hellbereiche Feuchtigkeit absorbieren. Farben auf Ölbasis werden von diesen Bereichen zurückgewiesen und verbleiben in stärkerer oder schwächerer Form an anderen hängen. Die Platte kann dann getrocknet werden oder wird auf ein anderes Blatt gedruckt und dann neu eingefärbt für weitere Drucke. 

Related concepts:
produced by ....  bichromate processes
....................  (pigment processes, photographic processes, ... Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name)) [300053499]

Sources and Contributors:
copia al óleo............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
..........................  Enciclopedia Focal de Fotografía (1975) 334
copias al óleo............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.............................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
oil photoprints............  [VP]
.............................  O'Connor, Draft photographic thesaurus, unpub. (1987)
oil pigment prints............  [VP]
...................................  Rosenblum, World History of Photography (1981) caption
oil print (photographic print)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
oil prints (photographic prints)............  [VP Preferred]
.....................................................  Gernsheim, History of Photography (1969) IND
.....................................................  Haberstich, Photographs Thesaurus for SIBIS (1988)
.....................................................  Haller, Collecting Old Photographs (1979) GLOS
.....................................................  International Center of Photography Encyclopedia of Photography (1984)
.....................................................  Jones, Cassell's Cyclopedia of Photography (1911) 74
.....................................................  Neblette, Photography, 6th ed (1962) 356
Öldruck............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.................  Artnet [online] (2002-) http://www.artnet.de/magazine/features/foto/glossPRINT.asp
.................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4172421-5
.................  Schmidt, Fotografien in Museen, Archiven und Sammlungen (1994) 55
.................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) “Öldruck”, accessed 9. Dezember 2013
Öldrucke............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
oleotipie............  [Biblio Arc USI Preferred]
....................  AAT Ch, Biblioteca dell'Accademia di architettura di Mendrisio (2017-)
oliedruk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Dijk en Zoete, Fotografische Termen en Technieken (1984)
.................  Linden, grafische technieken (1970)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
oliedrukken............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Dijk en Zoete, Fotografische Termen en Technieken (1984)
.......................  Linden, grafische technieken (1970)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
prints, oil............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
 
Subject: .....  [Biblio Arc USI, CDBP-SNPC, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Biblio Arc USI database
............  Dijk en Zoete, Fotografische Termen en Technieken (1984)
............  Linden, grafische technieken (1970)
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... International Center of Photography Encyclopedia of Photography (1984)
.......... Sinclair, The Sinclair Handbook of Photography (1913)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Dijk en Zoete, Fotografische Termen en Technieken (1984)
.......... Linden, grafische technieken (1970)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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