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ID: 300127138
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300127138

 

Record Type: concept
carbon prints (pigment prints, <photographic prints by process>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Photographic prints made by the carbon process, which uses carbon pigment and gelatin to transfer images to a paper support. Carbon prints show a very slight relief and rarely exhibit signs of aging or image deterioration. During the last quarter of the 19th century they were widely used for book illustrations and the commercial reproduction of conventionally made photographs and prints.
 
Terms:
carbon prints (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
carbon print (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
prints, carbon (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
autotypes (carbon prints) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)  ............ from the name of the Autotype Company, who acquired the patent rights to the process in 1868
carbon photoprints (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
碳素印相 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
tàn sù yìn xiàng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
tan su yin xiang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
t'an su yin hsiang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
kooldrukken (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
kooldruk (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
Autotypie (C,U,German,D,U,SN)
Kohledruck (fotografischer Abzug) (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Kohledrucke (fotografische Abzüge) (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Karbondruck (fotografischer Abzug) (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Karbondrucke (fotografische Abzüge) (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Kohlebild (fotografischer Abzug) (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Kohlebilder (fotografische Abzüge) (C,U,German,UF,PN)
autotipia (C,U,Italian,D,U,SN)
impresiones al carbón (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
impresión al carbón (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
copia al carbón (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)
autotypi (C,U,Swedish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of photographs
.................... photographs (G)
Hierarchy of <photographs by form>
........................ <photographs by form> (G)
Hierarchy of positives (photographs)
............................ positives (photographs) (G)
Hierarchy of photographic prints
................................ photographic prints (G)
Hierarchy of <photographic prints by process>
.................................... <photographic prints by process> (G)
Hierarchy of pigment prints
........................................ pigment prints (G)
Hierarchy of carbon prints
............................................ carbon prints (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 以碳粉印相方式沖印之照片。 
Dutch ..... Fotografische afdrukken vervaardigd volgens de kooldruktechniek. Hierbij wordt gelatine, dat door middel van een dichromaat lichtgevoelig is gemaakt, samen met een pigment, b.v. koolstof, op pigmentpapier aangebracht. Tijdens de belichting wordt de gelatine in meerdere of mindere mate gelooid, afhankelijk van de zwarting in het negatief. Deze gelooide gelatine is onoplosbaar in water. Om het beeld te kunnen ontwikkelen (waarbij de niet-gelooide gelatine, die zich onder het gelooide laagje bevindt, verwijderd moet worden) moet het belichte pigmentpapier overgedragen worden op een tijdelijke drager. Na de ontwikkeling (in warm water) wordt het beeld, dat spiegelbeeldig op deze tijdelijke drager is aangebracht, nogmaals overgedragen op het uiteindelijke papier. Veel toegepast voor kunstreprodukties. 
German ..... Fotodruck mit Kohleverfahren, bei dem Kohlepigment und Gelatine dazu verwendet werden, die Abbildung auf den Papierträger zu übertragen. Der Kohledruck besitzt ein leichtes Relief und zeigt nur selten sichtbare Alterungserscheinungen oder Abbildungsveränderungen. Im letzten Viertel des 19. Jahrhunderts wurde er oft für Buchabbildungen und für kommerzielle Reproduktionen für herkömmlich hergestellte Fotografien verwendet.  
Spanish ..... úsese para impresiones fotográficas realizadas por el proceso al carbón. 

Related concepts:
produced by ....  carbon process
....................  (bichromate processes, pigment processes, ... Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name)) [300053500]

Sources and Contributors:
碳素印相............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 March 22, 2012
autotipia............  [VP]
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
autotypes (carbon prints)............  [VP]
............................................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
............................................  Haberstich, Photographs Thesaurus for SIBIS (1988)
............................................  International Center of Photography Encyclopedia of Photography (1984)
............................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
............................................  Rosenblum, World History of Photography (1981)
............................................  Woodbury, Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Photography (1979)
autotypi............  [VP]
.................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
Autotypie............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
carbon photoprints............  [VP]
...................................  O'Connor, Draft photographic thesaurus, unpub. (1987)
...................................  Zinkham and Parker, Descriptive Terms for Graphic Materials (1986)
carbon print............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
carbon prints............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
..........................  AATA database (2002-) 121507 checked 26 January 2012
..........................  Haller, Collecting Old Photographs (1979)
..........................  Hickerson and Engst, Terms for use in Field 655 (1984)
..........................  Reilly, Care and Identification (1986) 7
..........................  Rosenblum, World History of Photography (1981)
..........................  Woodbury, Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Photography (1979)
copia al carbón............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.............................  Rico y Martínez, Diccionario Técnico Akal de conservación y restauración de bienes culturales, español-alemán-inglés-italiano-francés (2003) 61
impresión al carbón............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
...................................  Walsh, Museo J.Paul Getty: Guía de las colecciones (1995) 229
impresiones al carbón............  [CDBP-SNPC]
......................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
Karbondruck (fotografischer Abzug)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...........................................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4749788-9
Karbondrucke (fotografische Abzüge)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...........................................................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
Kohlebild (fotografischer Abzug)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.....................................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4749788-9
Kohlebilder (fotografische Abzüge)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...........................................................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
Kohledruck (fotografischer Abzug)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
........................................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/827073/revisions/1114367/view
........................................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4749788-9
........................................................  Vogel und Hanneke, Das Pigmentverfahren (1912) 1
Kohledrucke (fotografische Abzüge)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...........................................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/827073/revisions/1114367/view
kooldruk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Dijk en Zoete, Fotografische Termen en Technieken (1984)
.................  [S]Color Fotovaklab
kooldrukken............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Dijk en Zoete, Fotografische Termen en Technieken (1984)
.......................  [S]Color Fotovaklab
prints, carbon............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
t'an su yin hsiang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  AS-Academia Sinica
tan su yin xiang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica
tàn sù yìn xiàng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121507 checked 26 January 2012
............  Dijk en Zoete, Fotografische Termen en Technieken (1984)
............  [S]Color Fotovaklab
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Dijk en Zoete, Fotografische Termen en Technieken (1984)
.......... [S]Color Fotovaklab
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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