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ID: 300081138

 

Record Type: concept
adobe (material) (sun-dried brick, <brick by technique: drying process>, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Handmade, sun-dried brick typically made from wet mud and straw, sometimes also containing sand, clay, dung, grass, chaff, or blood. It is porous, wettable, susceptible to wet-dry cycle degradation, but good heat insulation. Adobe walls are typically built using mud mortar between the brick layers followed with a mud stucco finish layer. It was used as early as 7000 BCE for houses, buildings, and pyramids, particularly in arid climates such as Mesopotamia, Persia, Palestine, India, China, and the pre-Columbian Americas. For sun-dried brick that may or may contain the binders of adobe, use the more general "sun-dried brick."
 
Terms:
adobe (material) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
adobe (material) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
adobe (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
adobe block (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
adobe brick (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
later crudus (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
ladrillo sin cocer (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of clay
.................... clay (G)
Hierarchy of <clay by product>
........................ <clay by product> (G)
Hierarchy of brick (clay material)
............................ brick (clay material) (G)
Hierarchy of <brick by technique>
................................ <brick by technique> (G)
Hierarchy of <brick by technique: drying process>
.................................... <brick by technique: drying process> (G)
Hierarchy of sun-dried brick
........................................ sun-dried brick (G)
Hierarchy of adobe (material)
............................................ adobe (material) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Steen gemaakt van aarde of dergelijk binder en soms zand of stro, die niet is gebakken maar in de zon is gedroogd. 
Spanish ..... Ladrillo sin cocer secado por el sol que contiene tierra o un material de unión similar y a veces arena o paja.  

Related concepts:
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  sun-dried brick
..................................................  (<brick by technique: drying process>, <brick by technique>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300081146]

Sources and Contributors:
adobe (material)............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred, GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 120205 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT) - subhead.
.............................  Down to Earth (1983) 8
.............................  Fleming et al., Penguin Dictionary of Architecture (1981)
.............................  Hornbostel, Construction Materials (1978)
.............................  Morrow, Dictionary of Landscape Architecture (1987)
.............................  Putnam y Carlson, Diccionario de Arquitectura, Construcción y Obras Públicas (1998) 14
.............................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
.............................  Smit, Means Illustrated Construction Dictionary (1985)
.............................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
adobe block............  [VP]
.......................  Morrow, Dictionary of Landscape Architecture (1987) 5
adobe brick............  [VP]
.......................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977)
.......................  Hornbostel, Construction Materials (1978)
ladrillo sin cocer............  [CDBP-DIBAM]
...................................  Kennedy, The Wiley Dictionary of Civil Engineering and Construction (1996) 432
later crudus............  [VP]
.......................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 120205 checked 26 January 2012
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Earth construction: Adobe
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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