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ID: 300020531
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300020531

 

Record Type: concept
Villanovan (Ancient Italian, Mediterranean (Early Western World), ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the Iron Age style, period, and culture named after the site at Villanova, near Bologna, Italy. It is evident in northern and central Italy and Campania in the ninth and eighth centuries BCE, continuing in northern Italy until the sixth century BCE. The culture varied in different areas and at different times, but it is generally characterized by distinctive cemeteries, armor, weapons, jewelry, and grave urns and other pottery, including double-coned and house-shaped urns, decorated with geometric designs produced by scratching and stamping. Many scholars believe that the Villanovan culture probably developed from a branch of the Urnfield cultures of eastern Europe that moved into Italy, and were eventually confronted with advancing Etruscans. Others classify Villanovan as the beginning of Etruscan civilization.
 
Terms:
Villanovan (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Villanovan culture (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Villanova stijl (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Villanova stijlen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
Villanovacultuur (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
Vilanoviano (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
estilos vilanovianos (C,U,Spanish,AD,U)
Vilanoviana (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Early Western World
............ Early Western World (G)
Hierarchy of Mediterranean (Early Western World)
................ Mediterranean (Early Western World) (G)
Hierarchy of Ancient Italian
.................... Ancient Italian (G)
Hierarchy of Villanovan
........................ Villanovan (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Early Western World
............ Early Western World (G)
Hierarchy of <ancient European styles and periods>
................ <ancient European styles and periods> (G)
Hierarchy of <European Iron Age styles and periods>
.................... <European Iron Age styles and periods> (G)
Hierarchy of Villanovan
........................ Villanovan (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de periode en cultuur uit de IJzertijd genoemd naar de archeologische vindplaats Villanova, in de buurt van het Italiaanse Bologna. De cultuur kwam voor in Noord- en Midden-Italië en Campanië in de 9de en 8ste eeuw v. Chr. en hield in Noord-Italië stand tot de 6de eeuw v. Chr. De cultuur varieerde in de verschillende streken tijdens de verschillende perioden, maar kenmerkend zijn de begraafplaatsen, wapenuitrusting, wapens, sieraden, grafurnen en ander aardewerk, waaronder dubbel-conische en huisvormige urnen, gedecoreerd met geometrische ontwerpen die werden ingekrast en gestempeld. Veel onderzoekers menen dat de Villanova cultuur zich ontwikkelde uit een tak van de urnenveld- culturen uit Oost-Europa die Italië binnentrokken en daar uiteindelijk werden geconfronteerd werden met de oprukkende Etrusken. Anderen classificeren deze cultuur als het begin van de Etruskische beschaving. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere al estilo y cultura de la Edad de Hierro que lleva el nombre del sitio en Vilanova, cerca de Bolonia, Italia. Se manifiesta en Italia del norte y central y Campania en los siglos IX y VIII a.C, continuando en el norte de Italia hasta el siglo VI a.C. La cultura varía en momento y área diferentes diferentes, pero generalmente se caracteriza por cementerios distintivos, armaduras, armas, joyería y urnas sepulcro y además cerámica, que incluye urnas de doble cono y en forma de casa, decoradas con diseños geométricos producidos raspando y estampando. Muchos estudiosos creen que la cultura Vilanoviana se desarrolló de una rama de las culturas Urnfield de Europa oriental que pasaron a Italia y fueron eventualmente confrontadas con avances etruscos. Otros clasifican el período Vilanoviano como el principio de la civilización Etrusca. 

Related concepts:
based on ....  Urnfield (Bronze Age culture or period)
..............  (European Bronze Age (culture or period), <ancient European styles and periods>, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300019362]
coexisted with ....  Etruscan (culture or style)
..........................  (Ancient Italian, Mediterranean (Early Western World), ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300020471]

Sources and Contributors:
estilos vilanovianos............  [CDBP-SNPC]
...................................  TAA database (2000-)
Vilanoviana............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.......................  Alcina Franch, Diccionario de Arqueología (1998) 816
Vilanoviano............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.......................  TAA database (2000-)
Villanovacultuur............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.............................  RKD-Nederlands Instituut voor Kunstgeschiedenis, Den Haag
Villanovan............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 130293 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  Boethius, Etruscan and Early Roman Architecture (1978) 19
.......................  Brendl, Etruscan Art (1978) 506
.......................  Cottrell, Concise Encyclopedia of Archaeology (1960) 209
.......................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Villanovan." Accessed 04/29/99.
Villanovan culture............  [VP]
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Villanovan culture." 04/29/99
Villanova stijl............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Allard Pierson Museum
Villanova stijlen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
................................  Allard Pierson Museum
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 130293 checked 26 January 2012
............  Allard Pierson Museum
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Boethius, Etruscan and Early Roman Architecture (1978)
.......... Cambridge Encyclopedia of Archaeology (1980)
.......... Legacy AAT data
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Allard Pierson Museum
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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