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ID: 300020471
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300020471

 

Record Type: concept
Etruscan (culture or style) (Ancient Italian, Mediterranean (Early Western World), ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Culture and style of artistic production in Etruria, now modern Tuscany and part of Umbria, between the 7th and 3rd centuries BCE. Known partly from elaborate tumuli, artworks include bronze mirrors and cists, wall paintings, and terracotta and bronze sculptures that are distinct from the Greek Archaic style in their lively sense of movement and delicate decoration. Developments in architecture include the construction of mud brick and wooden temples decorated with terracotta roof tiles and statues. In some classification schemes Etruscan culture includes the Villanovan culture, which was first evident on the Italian peninsula in the ninth century BCE.
 
Terms:
Etruscan (culture or style) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
伊特拉士坎文明 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
伊特拉士坎式 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
伊特拉士坎風格 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
yī tè lā shì kǎn wén míng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
yi te la shi kan wen ming (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
i t'e la shih k'an wen ming (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Etruskisch (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
אטרוסקי (C,U,Hebrew,D,A)
Etrusco (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Early Western World
............ Early Western World (G)
Hierarchy of Mediterranean (Early Western World)
................ Mediterranean (Early Western World) (G)
Hierarchy of Ancient Italian
.................... Ancient Italian (G)
Hierarchy of Etruscan (culture or style)
........................ Etruscan (culture or style) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指稱於西元前七世紀至西元前三世紀間發展的伊特拉士坎藝術創作風格,此地即現代的托斯卡尼與恩布里亞(Umbria)的部分地區。此種風格有部分是因為其精致的古墳而為人所知,藝術創作品則包含了青銅製的鏡子與石櫃、壁畫,以及與希臘古代風格截然不同、富有活潑動感且裝飾精美的赤陶與青銅雕塑作品。在建築方面的發展則包含了泥磚的建造,以及飾以赤土屋頂磚瓦與雕像的木造神殿。在一些分期系統中,伊特拉士坎文化包含了於西元前9世紀間,最早可見於義大利半島上的維朗諾瓦文化。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de stijl van de artistieke voortbrengselen in Etrurië, het tegenwoordige Toscane en een deel van Umbrië, van de 7de tot de 3de eeuw v. Chr. Tot de kunstwerken van deze cultuur, deels herkenbaar aan de overdadige grafheuvels, behoren bronzen spiegels en stenen grafkisten, muurschilderingen, en beelden in terracotta en brons die zich van de Griekse archaïsche stijl onderscheiden door hun levendige suggestie van beweging en verfijnde versiering. Tot de ontwikkelingen in de architectuur behoren de bouw van leemstenen en houten tempels, gedecoreerd met dakpannen en standbeelden in terracotta. In sommige classificatiesystemen begint de Etruskische cultuur al met de Villanovastijl, die voor het eerst op het Italiaanse schiereiland wordt aangetroffen in de 9de eeuw v. Chr. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere al estilo de producción artística en Etruria, ahora Toscana moderno y parte de Umbria, entre los siglos VII y III a.C. Conocido en parte por los elaborados túmulos, las obras de arte incluyen espejos de bronce y cists (caja de madera que contiene objetos rituales), murales y esculturas de bronce y terracota que son distintas a las del estilo Arcaico griego en su enérgico sentido de movimiento y delicada decoración. Las tendencias en arquitectura incluyen la construcción de templos de ladrillo de barro y de madera decorados con tejas de terracota y estatuas. En algunos esquemas de clasificación la cultura de Etrusca incluye la cultura Vilanoviana que fue visible por primera vez en la península italiana en el siglo IX a.C. 

Related concepts:
coexisted with ....  Villanovan
..........................  (Ancient Italian, Mediterranean (Early Western World), ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300020531]
distinguished from ....  Tuscan (culture or style)
..................................  (Italian (culture or style), European regions, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300386556]
involves ....  Etruscan religion
................  (religions (belief systems, cultures), <religions and religious concepts>, Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300400838]
reflected in/produces ....  Etruscan bindings
........................................  (<bindings by style or decoration>, bindings (gathered matter components), ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300263592]

Sources and Contributors:
伊特拉士坎文明............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  世界建築經典圖鑑 p. 334
伊特拉士坎式............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
伊特拉士坎風格............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
אטרוסקי............  [IMJ]
.................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
Etruscan (culture or style)............  [GCI Preferred, IMJ Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AATA database (2002-) 123445 checked 26 January 2012
...............................................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT) - subhead.
...............................................  Boethius, Etruscan and Early Roman Architecture (1978) 32
...............................................  Gardner's Art Through the Ages (1986) 184
...............................................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
...............................................  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996) Vol. 10, 582
...............................................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
...............................................  Janson, History of Art (1986) 150
...............................................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986) 77
...............................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 138
...............................................  Oxford Companion to Art (1984) 386
...............................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
...............................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
Etrusco............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Alcina Franch, Diccionario de Arqueología (1998) 323
.................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 100
.................  Historia del Arte (1984) 197
.................  Lucie-Smith, Diccionario de Términos de Arte (1997) 83
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 1239
Etruskisch............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Brijder, De Etrusken (1990)
i t'e la shih k'an wen ming............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...............................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
yi te la shi kan wen ming............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
............................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
yī tè lā shì kǎn wén míng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
............................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IMJ, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 123445 checked 26 January 2012
............  Brijder, De Etrusken (1990)
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) ...,Etruscan
............  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Etruscan...
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Brijder, De Etrusken (1990)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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