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ID: 300011837
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300011837

 

Record Type: concept
tortoise shell (keratinous material, animal material, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Material made from the thinly-sliced horny plates covering the shells of some turtles and tortoises; the finished material is finely colored gold and brown, translucent, and glossy. It was popular in the 19th-century for inlays, jewelry, hair combs, and other ornaments, but its use is banned today. It differs from "turtle shell" in how it is worked and in the finished appearance; tortoise shell is worked upon like horn, and is usually softened or rendered plastic by placing in boiling water. The most common sources of tortoiseshell are Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), which provides the finest scales, the Loggerhead (Thalassochelys caretta ) and the Green turtle (Chelone mydas).
 
Terms:
tortoise shell (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
shell, tortoise (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
tortoiseshell (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
龜甲 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
玳瑁殼 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
guī jiǎ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
gui jia (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
kuei chia (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
schildpad (materiaal) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
écaille de tortue (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
Schildpatt (C,U,German-P,D,B)
tartaruga (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,N)
caparazón de tortuga (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,N)
carey (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)
caparazón de tortuga carey (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)
concha de tortuga (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
caparazón (tortuga) (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by origin>
............ <materials by origin> (G)
Hierarchy of biological material
................ biological material (G)
Hierarchy of animal material
.................... animal material (G)
Hierarchy of keratinous material
........................ keratinous material (G)
Hierarchy of tortoise shell
............................ tortoise shell (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 由某些海龜殼與陸龜殼表面所覆蓋的角質薄板所製成的材料。十九世紀時廣泛用於鑲嵌材料、首飾、髮梳與其他裝飾品,但現今已禁用。 
Dutch ..... Substantie die afkomstig is van de hoornplaten die de schilden van sommige schildpadden bedekken. 
German ..... Material aus dünn geschnittenen Hornplatten, die Schalen einiger Schildkröten bedeckend. Es war im 19. Jahrhundert für Einlagen, Schmuck, Haarkämme und andere Schmuckobjekte beliebt, aber seine Verwendung ist heute verboten. 
Spanish ..... Sustancia que forma placas callosas y que cubren la caparazón de algunas tortugas. 

Related concepts:
derived/made from ....  Eretmochelys imbricata (species)
................................  (Eretmochelys (genus), Cheloniidae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300411883]
derived/made from ....  Testudines (order)
................................  (Anapsida (subclass), Reptilia (class), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300310264]
distinguished from ....  imitation tortoise shell
..................................  (imitative materials, <materials by property>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300380033]
distinguished from ....  shell (animal material)
..................................  (<shell and shell material>, combination inorganic/organic animal material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011829]
distinguished from ....  turtle shell
..................................  (keratinous material, animal material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300417710]

Sources and Contributors:
龜甲............  [AS, formerly TELDAP Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 August 14, 2010
...........  寶石圖鑑 162
玳瑁殼............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 August 14, 2010
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 14, 2010
...........  故宮後設資料需求規格書 19
caparazón (tortuga)............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
...................................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 1:507
...................................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
caparazón de tortuga............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
...................................  Fleming and Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987) 155
...................................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
caparazón de tortuga carey............  [CDBP-SNPC]
...............................................  Fleming y Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987) 155
carey............  [CDBP-SNPC]
..............  Fleming y Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987) 155
..............  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 525
concha de tortuga............  [VP]
................................  Sabau García, María Luisa, México en el Mundo de las colecciones de arte, Publicado por UCOL, 1994 20
écaille de tortue............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
................................  CHIN database (1988-)
guī jiǎ............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
gui jia............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
kuei chia............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
schildpad (materiaal)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
......................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
......................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Schildpatt............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Schildpatt
.......................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://dwds.de/?view=1&qu=Schildpatt
.......................  Lueger, Lexikon der gesamten Technik (1904-1920) [online] http://www.zeno.org/nid/20006120849
shell, tortoise............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
tartaruga............  [ICCD Preferred, VP]
....................  ICCD database (1988-)
tortoise shell............  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 129869 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.............................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.............................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.............................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
tortoiseshell............  [VP]
..........................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
..........................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
 
Subject: .....  [AS, formerly TELDAP, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, ICCD, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 129869 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.......... Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS, formerly TELDAP]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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