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ID: 300343487
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300343487

 

Record Type: concept
almshouses (institutions) (correctional institutions (institutions), <institutions by activity>, ... Organizations (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Locally administered public or private institutions for care of the homeless, disabled, and elderly without means; often operated in conjunction with a farm, with emphasis on meeting operating costs through the sale of farm produce. Almshouses incurred widespread criticism after the turn of the 20th century for failure to provide differentiated treatment for the varying problems presented by residents. For earlier institutions where the disabled, elderly poor, or vagrants were confined for reform and work, use "workhouses (institutions)." For institutions established solely for the distribution of alms, use "almonries (institutions)." Buildings where the indigent or otherwise helpless without further recourse are cared for and put to work at public expense; in the United States, established since the mid-18th century and usually funded by local or state governments or parishes; in England, originally under the administration of monasteries for dispensing alms, later endowed by private charities. For buildings where the disabled, elderly poor, or vagrants are confined for reformative and correctional purposes, use "workhouses." For places established solely for the distribution of alms, use "almonries."
 
Terms:
almshouses (institutions) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
almshouse (institution) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
alms houses (institutions) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
alms-houses (institutions) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
county homes (institutions) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
poor farms (institutions) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
poorhouses (institutions) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
poor houses (institutions) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
armengestichten (instellingen) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
armengesticht (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
hospicios (institutions, bienestar social) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
hospicio (institutions, bienestar social) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
casa de beneficiencia (institution) (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HN

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Organizations (hierarchy name)
.... Organizations (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of organizations (groups)
........ organizations (groups) (G)
Hierarchy of institutions (organizations)
............ institutions (organizations) (G)
Hierarchy of <institutions by activity>
................ <institutions by activity> (G)
Hierarchy of correctional institutions (institutions)
.................... correctional institutions (institutions) (G)
Hierarchy of almshouses (institutions)
........................ almshouses (institutions) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Lokaal bestuurde publieke of private instellingen voor de verzorging van daklozen, gehandicapten en bejaarden zonder financiële middelen; vaak worden ze gerund in combinatie met een boerderij, zodat de boerderijproductie de kosten kan dekken. In het begin van de 20e eeuw kregen deze instellingen veel kritiek omdat ze geen gedifferentieerde behandeling bood voor de diverse problemen van de bewoners. Gebruik 'armenhuizen (instellingen) voor vroegere instellingen waar gehandicapten, arme bejaarden of zwervers voor heropvoeding en werk werden opgesloten. Gebruik 'aalmoezeniershuizen (instellingen)' voor instellingen die zich bezighouden met bedeling.  

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  almonries (institutions)
..................................  (correctional institutions (institutions), <institutions by activity>, ... Organizations (hierarchy name)) [300343488]
distinguished from ....  houses of correction (institutions)
..................................  (correctional institutions (institutions), <institutions by activity>, ... Organizations (hierarchy name)) [300343489]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  workhouses (institutions)
..................................................  (correctional institutions (institutions), <institutions by activity>, ... Organizations (hierarchy name)) [300343481]
possess/exist in ....  alms (gifts)
..............................  (gifts (legal property), property (legal concept), ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300400538]
work/live in ....  almshouses (buildings)
......................  (welfare buildings, <health and welfare buildings>, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300006745]

Sources and Contributors:
almshouse (institution)............  [VP]
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
almshouses (institutions)............  [VP Preferred]
............................................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT)
............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
............................................  Curl, Encyclopedia of Architectural Terms (1993)
............................................  Fleming et al., Penguin Dictionary of Architecture (1981)
............................................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975)
............................................  Lever and Harris, Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture, 2d ed. (1993) illustration
............................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
............................................  RCHME, Revised Thesaurus of Architectural Terms (1989)
............................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
............................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
............................................  Roberts, Construction Industry Thesaurus (1976) 26
............................................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
alms houses (institutions)............  [VP]
...............................................  HUD Research Thesaurus (1980)
alms-houses (institutions)............  [VP]
...............................................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
armengesticht............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
..........................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
armengestichten (instellingen)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.....................................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
casa de beneficiencia (institution)............  [VP]
...........................................................  Gran Enciclopedia Larousse (1973) 4:752
...........................................................  TAA database (2000-)
county homes (institutions)............  [VP]
...............................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
hospicio (institutions, bienestar social)............  [VP]
....................................................................  Enciclopedia universal ilustrada europeo-americana (1997) 28:448
....................................................................  TAA database (2000-)
hospicios (institutions, bienestar social)............  [VP]
.......................................................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
.......................................................................  TAA database (2000-)
poor farms (institutions)............  [VP]
............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
............................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
poorhouses (institutions)............  [VP]
............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
............................................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
............................................  Random House Unabridged Dictionary (1993)
............................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
............................................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
poor houses (institutions)............  [VP]
...............................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
 
Subject: .....  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Branner, Index to JSAH (1974) almshouses, poorhouses, workhouses, etc.
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (2002)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Curl, Encyclopedia of Architectural Terms (1993)
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Almshouses," accessed 26 July 2010
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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