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ID: 300311204
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300311204

 

Record Type: concept
Dactylopius coccus (species) (Dactylopius (genus), Dactylopiidae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Scale insect from which the crimson colorant cochineal is derived. It is a primarily sessile parasite native to tropical and subtropical South America and Mexico, preferring cacti from the genus Opuntia. It produces carminic acid, which deters predation. This substance is extracted from the bodies of dry females and eggs; the colorant was usually used as a red solution or precipitated to make carmine, an aluminum or aluminum-tin lake. Secretions of sticky, weblike strands of filamentous wax make the colonies' infestations on the cacti appear as furry white patches.
 
Terms:
Dactylopius coccus (species) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,U,N)
Dactylopius coccus (soort) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Dactylopius coccus (species) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
胭脂蟲 (種) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
yān zhī chóng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
yan zhi chong (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
yan chih ch'ung (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
cochenilleluis (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Animalia (kingdom)
................ Animalia (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Arthropoda (phylum)
.................... Arthropoda (phylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Hexapoda (subphylum)
........................ Hexapoda (subphylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Insecta (class)
............................ Insecta (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Homoptera (order)
................................ Homoptera (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Sternorrhyncha (suborder)
.................................... Sternorrhyncha (suborder) (G)
Hierarchy of Coccoidea (superfamily)
........................................ Coccoidea (superfamily) (G)
Hierarchy of Dactylopiidae (family)
............................................ Dactylopiidae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Dactylopius (genus)
................................................ Dactylopius (genus) (G)
Hierarchy of Dactylopius coccus (species)
.................................................... Dactylopius coccus (species) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 可用以製成緋紅色染劑的介殼蟲,原本是原生於熱帶或亞熱帶南美及墨西哥的固著性寄生蟲,喜寄生於仙人掌屬植物,會製造胭脂紅酸以阻止其他動物的捕食,此種物質可由乾燥雌蟲身體及卵萃取而得,此種顏料常作為紅色溶液、或沈澱以製作胭脂紅色素(一種鋁色澱、或鋁錫色澱)。胭脂蟲的黏稠網狀絲蠟分泌物,會使仙人掌上被寄生的聚落呈現絨毛狀白斑。 
Dutch ..... Schildinsect waaruit het helderrode pigment karmijn wordt gewonnen. Deze overwegend sessiele parasiet, die van nature voorkomt in de tropische en subtropische delen van Zuid-Amerika en Mexico, heeft een voorkeur voor cactussen van het genus Opuntia. Het insect produceert karmijnzuur, wat potentiële belagers afschrikt. Deze stof wordt gewonnen uit het lijf van gedroogde vrouwtjes en eitjes. De kleurstof werd doorgaans als rode oplossing gebruikt of neergeslagen voor de vervaardiging van karmijn, een pigment met aluminium of aluminium en tin. De luizenkolonies geven een kleverige afscheiding van webachtige wasvezels af, zichtbaar als wollig-witte vlokken op de cactus. 

Related concepts:
source for ....  cochineal (colorant)
..................  (<colorant for dye and pigment>, colorant (material), ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300013597]

Sources and Contributors:
胭脂蟲 (種)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
cochenilleluis............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
Dactylopius coccus (species)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...............................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
...............................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
...............................................  Tree of Life Web Project (1995-)
...............................................  USDA Classification online (2008-)
yan chih ch'ung............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
yan zhi chong............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
yān zhī chóng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Grote Winkler Prins, 1968
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.......... USDA Classification online (2008-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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