The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples)

ID: 300265960
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300265960

 

Record Type: concept
Felis domesticus (species) (Felis (genus), Felidae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Domesticated member of the genus Felis, rising from a line that developed 70,000/100,000 years ago. Domesticated in Egypt ca. 2,000 BCE, in Cyprus by 9,500 years ago, earlier elsewhere in the Middle East. In some taxonomies, Felis domesticus and Felis sylvestris are the same species. Genetic evidence suggests that the domestic cat developed from an ancestor who also produced the subspecies of wild cat, Felis sylvestris lybica. The house cat appears to have been domesticated in the Middle East at a time when humans recognized its value in protecting fields and granaries from rodents. Egyptian affection and respect for the cat as predator led to the development of religious cat cults and temple worship of cats. Since tabby-like markings appear in the drawings and mummies of ancient Egyptian cats, present-day tabbies probably look much like the sacred cats of Egypt. The first known domestic variation on the wild tabby coloring was the black cat (which also occurs naturally in the wild, but not in great numbers). The darker tabby coat with thicker stripes and swirls probably first appeared in the Middle Ages, the coat pattern being an adaptation that helped the animal to hide better in the shadows of dark medieval streets. The tortoise shell coat probably developed in the 19th century, when the Victorians made cats beloved pets and bred them for color varieties and other characteristics. Until the recent genetic studies, some experts believed the domestic cat was a hybrid of Felis Sylvestris and an Egyptian forest cat that was more docile and also kept in some Egyptian temples.
 
Terms:
Felis domesticus (species) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,U,N)
Felis domesticus (species) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
domestic cat (species) (C,U,C,English,AD,U,SN)
domestic cats (species) (C,U,English,AD,U,PN)
house cats (species) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
house cat (species) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
cats (species, domestic cats) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Felis domestica (species) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Felis domestica (species) (Latin,UF,U,N)
Felis catus (species) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Felis catus (species) (Latin,UF,U,N)
家貓 (種) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
jiā māo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
jia mao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chia mao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Animalia (kingdom)
................ Animalia (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Chordata (phylum)
.................... Chordata (phylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Vertebrata (subphylum)
........................ Vertebrata (subphylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Mammalia (class)
............................ Mammalia (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Carnivora (order)
................................ Carnivora (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Felidae (family)
.................................... Felidae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Felis (genus)
........................................ Felis (genus) (G)
Hierarchy of Felis domesticus (species)
............................................ Felis domesticus (species) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 貓屬中被人類馴養的成員,是由70,000/100,000年前已存在的物種所衍生。貓的馴養歷史大約可追溯至西元前2,000年的埃及和西元9,500年前的塞普勒斯,在中東其他地區的馴養歷史則可能更早。在某些分類法中,家貓(Felis domesticus)和野貓(Felis sylvestris)是同一物種。基因證據顯示,家貓是由野貓亞種的祖先「非洲野貓(Felis sylvestris lybica)」演化而來。家貓似乎在中東地區便已為人所馴養,當時人們認知到家貓在保護田地和穀倉免於鼠害方面的價值。埃及人對於這種掠食性動物十分鍾愛與尊崇,因而發展出以貓為膜拜對象的宗教儀式和神廟。由於繪畫中曾出現類似虎斑貓的標記,以及古埃及貓木乃伊的存在,因此推論現今的虎斑貓可能與當時埃及聖貓非常相似。第一種已知由野生虎斑貓受馴養的變種,顏色是黑色(同時也自然於野外生長,但數目不多)。毛色較深、條紋和漩渦狀花紋較粗的虎斑貓,可能最早出現在中世紀,其皮毛花紋有助於此動物適應並隱身在黑暗的中世紀街頭陰影處。玳瑁花紋的貓可能發展於西元十九世紀,當時維多利亞時代的人視貓為鍾愛的寵物,並培育出不同顏色的品種和其他特徵。直至最近的基因研究,某些專家認為家貓是野貓與埃及森林貓的混種,後者較為溫馴且飼養在某些埃及神廟中。 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  Felis silvestris (species)
..................................  (Felis (genus), Felidae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300265719]

Sources and Contributors:
家貓 (種)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 January 3, 2013
.................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 January 3, 2013
.................  智慧藏百科全書網 January 3, 2013
貓............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
........  基礎生命科學 477
cats (species, domestic cats)............  [VP]
..................................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (2002)
chia mao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
domestic cat (species)............  [VP]
.........................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Cat, domestic," accessed 2 February 2005
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
domestic cats (species)............  [VP]
.........................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "cat, domestic," accessed 15 May 2006
.........................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
.........................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Felis catus (species)............  [VP]
......................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
Felis domestica (species)............  [VP]
............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
............................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
Felis domesticus (species)............  [VP Preferred]
...............................................  Animal Diversity Web (1995-) accessed 2 February 2005
...............................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "cat, domestic," accessed 17 May 2006
...............................................  Strang and Dawson, Controlling Vertebrate Pests in Museums (1991) 7
...............................................  Taxonomicon: Systema Naturae online (2000-)
house cat (species)............  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
house cats (species)............  [VP]
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
jia mao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
jiā māo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, VP]
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) cat; cat, domestic
............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "cat, domestic," accessed 15 May 2006
............  Strang and Dawson, Controlling Vertebrate Pests in Museums (1991) 7; cats
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "cat, domestic," accessed 15 May 2006
.......... Handwerk, House Cat Origin Traced (2007)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust