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ID: 300264483
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300264483

 

Record Type: concept
Corpus Christi (Christian holidays, religious holidays, ... Events (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to a Christian feast and festival commemorating the origin of the eucharist and in honor of the presence of the body of Jesus Christ in the eucharist. The Latin term means 'body of Christ.' It is usually celebrated on the Thursday after Trinity Sunday in the Western church. Its origins lie in the Middle Ages when there was increased devotion to the Blessed Sacrament, especially after the Fourth Lateran Council of 1215. In 1246, Robert de Torote, bishop of Liège, first celebrated the feast in his diocese after being persuaded to do so by Blessed Juliana, prioress of Mont Cornillon near Liège (1222-58), who had experienced a vision. The feast did not spread until Jacques Pantaléon, formerly archdeacon of Liège, became Pope Urban IV; a bull of 1264 commanded its observance. Over time it became more accepted and in the 15th century it became, in effect, the main feast of the church. Corpus Christi has been celebrated by carrying the host in procession since the 14th century. The feast's procession became a pageant in which sovereigns, princes, magistrates, and guild members took part. In the 15th century the procession was often followed by performances of miracle plays and mystery plays by members of guilds. The feast was suppressed in Protestant churches after the doctrine of transubstantiation was rejected during the Reformation.
 
Terms:
Corpus Christi (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,U)
Corpus Christi (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Corpus Christi (Liturgical Latin-P,D,U,U)
Corpus Christi (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
Feast of Corpus Christi (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
基督聖體節 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
jī dū shèng tǐ jié (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ji du sheng ti jie (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chi tu sheng t'i chieh (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  K.KM

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Activities Facet
Activities Facet
Hierarchy of Events (hierarchy name)
.... Events (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of events (activities)
........ events (activities) (G)
Hierarchy of cultural events
............ cultural events (G)
Hierarchy of holidays
................ holidays (G)
Hierarchy of religious holidays
.................... religious holidays (G)
Hierarchy of Christian holidays
........................ Christian holidays (G)
Hierarchy of Corpus Christi
............................ Corpus Christi (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 基督教節日與慶典,旨在紀念感恩禮的起源,並以榮耀耶穌基督的聖體體現於聖餐中。拉丁原文「Corpus Christi」是「耶穌的身體」。在西方教會中,通常在聖三主日之後的星期四慶祝。這個節慶起源於中世紀,特別於西元1215年拉特朗第四屆大公會之後,有許多人投入聖事。曾見到耶穌顯聖的福女儒利亞納(1222-58),說服比利時列日的主教羅伯特,首度於西元1246年在他的教區慶祝該節日;直到曾任烈日教區副主教的雅各‧博龐德隆榮任教宗烏爾巴諾四世之後,此節慶才開始盛行。1264年的教宗詔令欽定其為節日,此後其漸為信眾所接受,在15世紀時成為教會的主要節日之一。自14世紀開始,基督聖體節即以抬著聖體匣遊行方式進行,遊行場面浩大,國王、王子、法官與公會成員皆在遊行行列中。15世紀期間,常常伴隨著神蹟劇與神祕劇的演出,演出者為公會會員。在宗教改革期間,實體變換(聖餐變體)的教義被駁回之後,該節日在新教會中受到打壓。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar een christelijk feest(dag) ter herdenking van de oorsprong van de eucharistie en ter ere van de aanwezigheid van het lichaam van Jezus Christus. De Latijnse term betekent 'lichaam van Christus'. In de westerse kerk wordt dit feest doorgaans gevierd op de donderdag na Drievuldigheidsdag. Het stamt uit de middeleeuwen, in een tijd van toenemende devotie aan het heilige sacrament, met name na het Vierde Lateraans Concilie van 1215. In 1246 was Robert de Torote, de bisschop van Luik, degene die het feest als eerste vierde in zijn bisdom, op aandringen van de heilige Juliana, priorin van Mont Cornillon (bij Luik) van 1222 tot 1258, die hierover een visioen had. Het feest verbreidde zich pas toen Jacques Pantaléon, voormalig aartsdiaken van Luik, paus Urbanus IV werd; met een bul uit 1264 werd het feest ingesteld. Het won geleidelijk aan populariteit en groeide in de 15e eeuw zelfs uit tot het belangrijkste feest van de Kerk. 

Related concepts:
associated with ....  eucharists
............................  (religious ceremonies, ceremonies, ... Events (hierarchy name)) [300264326]

Sources and Contributors:
基督聖體節............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
..............  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 March 21, 2012
chi tu sheng t'i chieh............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
Corpus Christi............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Bonet Correa, Historia de las Artes Aplicadas e Industriales en España. Manuales Arte Catedra (1994) 11
.............................  Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 237
Feast of Corpus Christi............  [VP]
.........................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) accessed 12/01
ji du sheng ti jie............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
jī dū shèng tǐ jié............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Van Dale Groot Woordenboek (1998)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 237
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) accessed 12/01
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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