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ID: 300255468
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300255468

 

Record Type: concept
totems (symbols, <visual works by function>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Hereditary marks, emblems, or badges of a tribe, clan, or group of people, consisting of a representation of a real or mythical animal, or less commonly a plant or other natural object, and having religious or social significance. Often used particularly in reference to such items in Native American culture.
 
Terms:
totems (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
totems (French-P,D,U,PN)
totems (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
totem (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
totem (French,AD,U,MSN)
totem (Spanish,UF,U,SN)
totem (Dutch,AD,U,U)
圖騰 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
tú téng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
tu teng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
t'u t'eng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Totems (C,U,German,D,PN)
Totem (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
tótems (obras visuales por función) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
tótem (obras visuales por función) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by function>
................ <visual works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of symbols
.................... symbols (G)
Hierarchy of totems
........................ totems (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 世代相傳的標記、象徵符號,或者是代表部落、氏族,或者是一群人的紋章,具有特殊宗教或社會意涵,由真實動物或神獸的圖像呈現所構成,也有部份是採用植物或其他自然界中之物的圖像,但較不常見。「圖騰」一詞多半特指美洲原住民文化中的此類物件。 
Dutch ..... Planten of dieren of natuurlijke objecten die worden beschouwd als religieuze of maatschappelijke symbolen door individuen of groepen mensen, omdat ze er een verwantschap of een spirituele band mee hebben. 
German ..... Vererbbares Symbol, Emblem oder Erkennungszeichen eines Stammes, einer Sippe oder einer Gruppe von Menschen, das aus einer Darstellung eines realen oder mythischen Tieres besteht oder, weniger üblich, einer Pflanze oder einem anderen natürlichen Gegenstand, und das religiöse oder soziale Bedeutung hat. Häufig in Bezug auf einen deartigen Gegenstand in der Kultur der amerikanischen Urbevölkerung gebraucht. 
Spanish ..... Objetos naturales, plantas o animales adoptadas como símbolos religiosos o sociales por un clan, tribu, familia o persona individual, al que se le considera tener un parentesco especial o relación espiritual con el ser u objeto. 

Related concepts:
required for ....  totemism
......................  (religious ideologies, religious concepts, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300056002]
required for ....  totem poles
......................  (<sculpture by form>, sculpture (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300184947]

Sources and Contributors:
圖騰............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 July 1, 2010
...........  朗文當代大辭典 1861
...........  牛津當代大辭典 1929
totem............  [AASLH Preferred, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
..............  AASLH data (2016-)
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 630
..............  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988) ceremonial artifact
..............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
..............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13983; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
..............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13983
..............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
..............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
tótem (obras visuales por función)............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
...........................................................  TAA database (2000-)
Totem............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
..............  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/714358/revisions/1241764/view
..............  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?view=1&qu=Totem
..............  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4060495-0
totems............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  BHA, Authority file (2003-) accessed 15 June 2005
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate terms -- MHS -- 8/9/93
.................  Davies, Dictionary of Anthropology (1972)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1991) Vol. 1, 864, Discussed in article "totemism."
.................  Encyclopedia Americana (1985) Vol. 2, 871
.................  Hunter and Whitten, eds. Encyclopedia of Anthropology (1976) Used in entry "totemism."
.................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
.................  Seymour-Smith, Dictionary of Anthropology (1986) Discussed in entry "totemism."
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
.................  World Book Encyclopedia (1982) Vol. 1, 268
tótems (obras visuales por función)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
...........................................................  TAA database (2000-)
Totems............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?view=1&qu=Totem
tu teng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
tú téng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
t'u t'eng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13983; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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