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ID: 300250148
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300250148

 

Record Type: concept
Equus caballus (species) (Equus (genus), Equidae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Hooved animal. Original populations of Equus caballus were once found in the steppe zone from Poland to Mongolia. Now domesticated, horses occur throughout the world and in feral populations in some areas. Three of the several early breeds of horse - Przewalski's horse from central Asia, the tarpan from eastern Europe and the Ukrainian steppes, and the forest horse of northern Europe - are generally thought to have been the ancestral stock of modern domestic horses. According to this line of thinking, Przewalski's horse and the tarpan formed the basic breeding stock from which the southerly 'warm-blooded' horses developed, while the forest horse gave rise to the heavy, 'cold-blooded' breeds. All modern breeds are divided as light, fast, spirited breeds typified by the modern Arabian, heavier, slower, and calmer working breeds typified by the Belgian, and intermediate breeds typified by the Thoroughbred. They are also classified according to where they originated (e.g., Percheron, Clydesdale, and Arabian), by the principal use of the horse (riding, draft, coach horse), and by their outward appearance and size (light, heavy, pony).
 
Terms:
Equus caballus (species) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,U,N)
Equus caballus (species) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
horse (species) (C,U,C,English,AD,U,N)
horses (species) (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
馬 (種) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U)
ma (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin),UF,U)
ma (Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U)
ma (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U)
paarden (zoogdieren) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
paard (zoogdier) (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Animalia (kingdom)
................ Animalia (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Chordata (phylum)
.................... Chordata (phylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Vertebrata (subphylum)
........................ Vertebrata (subphylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Mammalia (class)
............................ Mammalia (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Perissodactyla (order)
................................ Perissodactyla (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Equidae (family)
.................................... Equidae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Equus (genus)
........................................ Equus (genus) (G)
Hierarchy of Equus caballus (species)
............................................ Equus caballus (species) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 最早的馬可見範圍由波蘭延伸至蒙古的大草原。現在被人類馴養,世界各地都可見馬的蹤跡,某些地區則還有野馬。一般認為最原始的三種馬—中亞的蒙古野馬(Przewalski's horse)、東歐與烏克蘭草原的歐洲野馬(tarpan)、北歐的山林馬(forest horse)—為現代家畜馬的原始族系。依據這種思考方向,蒙古野馬與歐洲野馬組成基本的種畜,由此發展出南方「溫血」的馬,山林馬則演化成大而結實的「冷血」品種。現代品種被分成輕巧、敏捷、勇猛的品種,如典型的現代阿拉伯馬;體型較大、速度較緩慢、較沈著的工作用品種,如典型的比利時馬;以及介於兩者之間的純種馬。牠們也依原產地分類,如佩爾什馬(Percheron)、克萊茲代爾馬(Clydesdale)與阿拉伯馬;主要用途分成乘用馬、役用馬、挽用馬;與牠們的外表與體型分為輕型馬、重型馬、小型馬。 
Dutch ..... Geslacht van viervoetige, als rij-, last- en trekdier gebruikte zoogdieren uit de familie der eenhoevigen; het onderscheidt zich van de andere leden daarvan door de langbehaarde staart, korte opstaande oren en lange manen. 

Related concepts:
are acted upon by ....  horse breeders
............................  (livestock breeders, <people in agriculture>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300136457]
are acted upon by ....  jockeys
............................  (athletes, <people by activity>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300188603]
involved in ....  cavalcades
....................  (processions, cultural ceremonies, ... Events (hierarchy name)) [300379051]
involved in ....  dressage
....................  (performances (creative events), entertainment events, ... Events (hierarchy name)) [300379279]
involved in ....  equestrian ballets
....................  (dances (performing arts compositions), Literary and Performing Arts Works (hierarchy name), Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300379019]
involved in ....  polo (field sport)
....................  (field sports, sports, ... Physical and Mental Activities (hierarchy name)) [300222762]
involved with ....  collars (horse collars)
........................  (<animal work equipment for pulling>, animal work equipment, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300255580]
involved with ....  equestrian portraits
........................  (portraits, <visual works by subject type>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300403976]
involved with ....  horse armor
........................  (animal equipment, <equipment by context>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300036900]
involved with ....  horse blankets
........................  (<blankets by location or context>, blankets (coverings), ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300257363]
involved with ....  horsecars
........................  (light rail transit vehicles, transit railway vehicles, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300219774]
involved with ....  horse-drawn vehicles
........................  (<land vehicles by method of propulsion>, land vehicles, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300227856]
involved with ....  horse trappings
........................  (animal trappings, animal equipment, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300265358]
involved with ....  saddles (seats)
........................  (<animal work equipment for riding>, animal work equipment, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300212972]
used/located in ....  horse barns
............................  (<barns by function>, barns, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300004908]
used/located in ....  horse farms
............................  (<farms by function>, farms, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300199033]
used/located in ....  horse racetracks
............................  (racetracks (complexes), sports complexes, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300000608]

Sources and Contributors:
馬 (種)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
..............  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 17, 2011
..............  故宮後設資料需求規格書 3
..............  教育部重編國語辭典修訂本 August 17, 2011
..............  智慧藏百科全書網 August 17, 2011
..............  朗文當代大辭典 848
..............  牛頓生物辭典 170
Equus caballus (species)............  [VP Preferred]
.........................................  Animal Diversity Web (1995-) accessed 17 May 2006
.........................................  Britannica Student Encyclopedia Online (2002-) accessed 17 May 2006
.........................................  Natural History Museum, London (2000-) accessed 17 May 2006
horse (species)............  [VP]
.............................  Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary [online] (1997-2002)
horses (species)............  [GCI Preferred, VP]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 124747 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-) horses
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989) horses
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) horses
ma............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
paard (zoogdier)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  MARDOC
.............................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
paarden (zoogdieren)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...................................  MARDOC
...................................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, GCI, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 124747 checked 26 January 2012
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Animal Diversity Web (1995-) accessed 17 May 2006
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 17 May 2006
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... MARDOC
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)

 

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