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ID: 300240013
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300240013

 

Record Type: concept
Hmong (culture or style) (Southeast Asian, Asian, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the style and culture of the Hmong people centralized in scattered areas throughout China, Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand. Artistic production in this style features predominantly silver jewelry designs ranging from sliver chain necklaces with lock-shaped pendants attached to neck-rings, large collar necklaces covering the entire chest-area, heavy and narrow bracelets, to circle earrings that surround the ear, widening from narrow ends to a broad center, with pointed pendants hanging from tiny chains. Textile styles feature batik production characterized by geometric patterns on hemp and cotton, appliqué and reverse appliqué in bold colors, cold-dyed indigo, specific symbolic embroidery designs such as mustard blossom, cucumber seed, tiger teeth, and eye of the peacock, elaborate needlework, silk cocoon fibers, and flower and story cloth panel designs depicting village life, shaman's séances, legends and warfare.
 
Terms:
Hmong (culture or style) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,A)
Hmong (culture or style) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Hmong (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
Miao (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
苗族 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
miáo zú (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
miao zu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
miao tsu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Asian
............ Asian (G)
Hierarchy of Southeast Asian
................ Southeast Asian (G)
Hierarchy of Hmong (culture or style)
.................... Hmong (culture or style) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指苗族的風格與文化,苗族人口集中分布於中國、越南、寮國、泰國境內。此風格藝術製品的主要特色為各式各樣的銀飾設計,包括頸環上附有鎖形垂飾的銀圈項鍊、足以覆蓋整個胸部的大型頸鍊、沈重而細窄的手鐲、環繞著耳朵的圓形耳環,其造型中間寬兩端較窄,上有細練吊住尖墜飾。此風格的織品特色則包括上有幾何圖型臘染印花的麻與棉、顏色大膽而醒目的貼花與反面貼花、以冷染技法染製的靛藍色、繡著芥花、黃瓜子、虎牙、孔雀眼的刺繡、精巧細緻的女紅、蠶絲、花卉,以及描繪村莊生活、薩滿教集會、傳說及戰爭等的故事布板。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de stijl en cultuur van het Hmong-volk, verspreid over gebieden in heel China, Vietnam, Laos en Thailand. De artistieke productie in deze stijl wordt voornamelijk gekenmerkt door ontwerpen voor zilveren sieraden, zoals zilveren halskettingen met slotvormige hangers die waren bevestigd aan nekringen, grote halskettingen die de gehele borst bedekten, zware en dunne armbanden, en cirkelvormige oorbellen die het oor omringen en die breder worden vanaf smalle uiteinden naar een breed centrum, met puntige hangers die aan kleine kettingen hangen. Textielstijlen worden gekenmerkt door batikproducten met geometrische patronen op hennep en katoen, appliqué en reverse appliqué in opvallende kleuren, waaronder indigo, specifieke borduurontwerpen zoals mosterdbloesem, komkommerzaad, tijgertanden en pauwenogen, gedetailleerd naaiwerk, zijden coconvezels en paneelontwerpen met bloemen en verhalen, waarin het dorpsleven, seances van sjamanen, legenden en oorlogsvoering worden afgebeeld. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere al estilo y cultura del pueblo de Hmong centralizadas en áreas diseminadas a lo largo de China, Vietnam, Laos y Thailandia. La producción artística en este estilo ofrece predominantemente diseños de joyas de plata que van desde collares de cadena con forma de cerradura pegados a anillos para el cuello, largos collares que cubren toda el área del pecho, pulseras pesadas y delgadas, a pendientes circulares que rodean la oreja y que se ensanchan desde los extremos angostos a un centro ancho, con pendientes puntiagudos que cuelgan de cadenas diminutas. Los estilos textiles presentan la producción de batik caracterizada por modelos geométricos en cáñamo y algodón, appliqué y appliqué al dorso en colores pronunciados, índigo teñido frío, específicos diseños simbólicos bordados tales como mostaza en flor, semilla de pepino, dientes de tigre y ojo de pavo real, elaborado bordado de aguja, diseños de fibras de capullo y flor de seda y paneles de tela con historias que representan la vida del pueblo, las sesiones del shaman, leyendas y guerra. 

Sources and Contributors:
苗族............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  中國大百科全書智慧藏網 March 13, 2012
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 March 13, 2012
蒙............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 March 13, 2012
模............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 March 13, 2012
Hmong (culture or style)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.........................................  AATA database (2002-) 124700 checked 26 January 2012
.........................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Hmong (Asian people)
.........................................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term - MINNHS - 01/93.
.........................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Laos: Other arts;" "Thailand: Textiles and Dress: Hill Peoples and others: Hmong" Accessed 7/15/00
.........................................  Hamilton-Merritt, Tragic Mountains (1993) 3
.........................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.........................................  RLIN, Terminology (n.d.) RLIN title word search retrieved 282 citations in BOOKS file, 02/17/93.
.........................................  TAA database (2000-)
.........................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Miao............  [VP]
...........  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
...........  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
miao tsu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
miao zu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
miáo zú............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 124700 checked 26 January 2012
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Miao people
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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