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ID: 300212992
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300212992

 

Record Type: concept
velocipedes (passenger vehicles, <freewheeled vehicles by form or function>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Two- or three-wheeled, simply constructed light vehicles propelled by the rider, by pedals, treadles, levers, or with the feet directly on the ground, while seated astride a central bar; may or may not be steerable and the front wheel is often larger than the rear one(s); usually restricted to those vehicles built from the 1790s to around 1870. For similar lightweight vehicles provided with comfort- or speed-enhancing features and built after about 1870, prefer "bicycles" for those with two wheels in tandem or "tricycles" for three-wheeled versions.
 
Terms:
velocipedes (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
velocipede (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
腳蹬車 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U)
舊式三輪腳踏車 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U)
jiǎo dèng chē (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U)
jiao deng che (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U)
chiao teng ch'e (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U)
vélocipèdes (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
vélocipède (C,U,French-P,AD,U,MSN)
vélocipède (Dutch,AD,U,U)
velocípedos (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
velocípedo (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TX

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Transportation Vehicles (hierarchy name)
........ Transportation Vehicles (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of vehicles (transportation)
............ vehicles (transportation) (G)
Hierarchy of land vehicles
................ land vehicles (G)
Hierarchy of <land vehicles by form>
.................... <land vehicles by form> (G)
Hierarchy of freewheeled vehicles
........................ freewheeled vehicles (G)
Hierarchy of <freewheeled vehicles by form or function>
............................ <freewheeled vehicles by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of passenger vehicles
................................ passenger vehicles (G)
Hierarchy of velocipedes
.................................... velocipedes (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 兩輪或三輪、構造簡單的輕型車,由騎乘者跨坐於中央桿上,使用踏板及控制桿向前推進,或直接以腳蹬地前進; 不一定可控制方向,而前輪通常較後輪大; 一般特指在1790年至1870年左右所製造的車輛。若指稱類似的輕型車輛,以提升舒適度或速度為特色,於1870年後才製造使用者,兩輪前後排列的見“腳踏車”一詞,而三輪者則見 “三輪腳踏車”一詞 
Dutch ..... Te gebruiken voor twee- of driewielige, eenvoudig gebouwde, lichte voertuigen die door de berijder, die schrijlings op de middenstang zit, werden aangedreven door middel van pedalen, trappers, hendels of met de voeten direct op de grond; al of niet bestuurbaar en met een voorwiel dat vaak groter was dan het achterwiel (of wielen); meestal beperkt tot die voertuigen die werden gebouwd vanaf eind 18e eeuw tot rond 1870. Gebruik 'fietsen' voor soortgelijke lichte voertuigen met twee wielen achter elkaar en comfort- en snelheid vergrotende kenmerken, die na ongeveer 1870 werden gemaakt en 'driewielers (fietsen)' voor versies met drie wielen. 
Spanish ..... Úsese para designar un vehículo ligero, de dos o tres ruedas, de construcción simple, propulsado por el propio conductor por medio de pedales, palancas o con el pie directamente sobre el suelo, mientras se está sentado a horcajadas sobre una barra central. Puede o no ser dirigible y la rueda frontal es, por lo general, más grande que la trasera. Usualmente, el término se restringe para aquellos vehículos construidos desde la década de 1790 hasta alrededor de 1870. Para vehículos similares de peso ligero, provistos con comodidades y dispositivos para incremento de la velocidad, y construidos alrededor de la década de 1870, prefiera "bicicleta” para aquéllos con dos ruedas en tándem o "triciclo” para las versiones de tres ruedas. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  tricycles
..................................  (passenger vehicles, <freewheeled vehicles by form or function>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300212989]

Sources and Contributors:
腳蹬車............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 December 31, 2014
舊式三輪腳踏車............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
chiao teng ch'e............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
jiao deng che............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
jiǎo dèng chē............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
velocipede............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.......................  AASLH data (2016-)
.......................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988)
.......................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.......................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/12143; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.......................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 12143
.......................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
vélocipède............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP, RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AASLH data (2016-)
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.......................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/12143; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.......................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 12143
.......................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
velocipedes............  [VP Preferred]
.......................  Berkebile, Carriage Teminology (1978) illustration
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  King, Encyclopedia of Toys (1986) illustration, IND
.......................  McClinton, Antiques of American Childhood (1970) 165
.......................  O'Brien, Story of American Toys (1990) 17
.......................  Oliver and Berkebile, Wheels and Wheeling (1974) illustration, 1
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary (1961)
.......................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
vélocipèdes............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
velocípedo............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.......................  Diccionario de la Lengua española de la Real Academia Española (1984) II:1372
.......................  Diccionario de la Real Academia Española
velocípedos............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.......................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) tricycles
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/12143; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  O'Brien, Story of American Toys (1990) IND; velocipede toys
............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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