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ID: 300037654
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300037654

 

Record Type: concept
candles (<candles and candleholders>, <lighting devices by form>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Cylindrical masses typically of tallow or wax containing a wick or loosely twisted linen or cotton threads burned to give light; made by dipping or casting in a metal mold.
 
Terms:
candles (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
candle (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
kaarsen (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
kaars (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
adventskaarsen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
adventskaars (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
chandelle (C,U,French-P,AD,U,FSN)
chandelles (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
Kerzen (Beleuchtungsvorrichtungen) (C,U,German,D,PN)
Kerze (Beleuchtungsvorrichtung) (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
velas (artefactos de iluminación) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
vela (artefacto de iluminación) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Furnishings (hierarchy name)
........ Furnishings (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of furnishings (works)
............ furnishings (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <furnishings by form or function>
................ <furnishings by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of lighting devices
.................... lighting devices (G)
Hierarchy of <lighting devices by form>
........................ <lighting devices by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <candles and candleholders>
............................ <candles and candleholders> (G)
Hierarchy of candles
................................ candles (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Lange, cilindervormige massa, meestal van kaarsvet of was, met een pit of losjes gedraaide linnen of katoenen draden, die worden aangestoken om licht te geven. Ze worden gegoten of getrokken in een metalen mal. 
German ..... Zylinderförmige Masse, üblicherweise aus Talg oder Wachs mit einem Docht aus locker verdrillten Leinen- oder Baumwollfäden, der entzündet Licht spendet; wird durch Tauchen oder Gießen in eine Metallform hergestellt. 
Spanish ..... Largas masas cilíndricas típicamente de sebo o cera que contienen una mecha o hebras torcidas sueltamente de lino o algodón quemadas para dar luz; fabricadas sumergiendo o vaciándolas en un molde de metal. 

Related concepts:
contextualized in ....  candelabras (candleholders)
................................  (candleholders, <candles and candleholders>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300037584]
contextualized in ....  candle boxes
................................  (storage boxes, storage containers, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300038885]
created by ....  chandlers
..................  (<people in crafts and trades by product>, <people in crafts and trades>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300386341]
produced by ....  candlemaking
....................  (<object-making processes and techniques>, <processes and techniques by specific type>, Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name)) [300053597]

Sources and Contributors:
adventskaars............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
adventskaarsen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
candle............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/1767; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 1767
.................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
candles............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 121459 checked 26 January 2012
.................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
.................  Caspall, Making Fire and Light (1987) 42
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Darbee, Glossary of Old Lamps (1974)
.................  Hobard, Early Lighting in New England (1964) 31
.................  Hough, Collection of Heating and Lighting Utemsils (1928) 14
.................  Myers, Gaslighting in America (1978) 263
.................  Nomenclature 3.0 for Museum Cataloging (2010)
.................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.................  Russell, Heritage of Light (1968) 15
.................  Thwing and Daniels, Dictionary of Old Lamps (1952) 10
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
.................  Woodhead et al., Lighting Devices (1984) 7
chandelle............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP]
....................  AASLH data (2016-)
....................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
....................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/1767; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
....................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 1767
....................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
chandelles............  [VP]
.......................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
kaars............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
kaarsen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Kerze (Beleuchtungsvorrichtung)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.....................................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/673487/revisions/1316935/view
.....................................................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?view=1&qu=Kerze
.....................................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4030375-5
Kerzen (Beleuchtungsvorrichtungen)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...........................................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/673487/revisions/1316935/view
vela (artefacto de iluminación)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.....................................................  Dewey, Sistema de Clasificación Decimal Dewey e Índice Relativo (2000) 784
.....................................................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:1449
velas (artefactos de iluminación)............  [VP]
........................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 121459 checked 26 January 2012
............  BHA Subject Headings (1985-) candle factories
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/1767; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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