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ID: 300019470
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300019470

 

Record Type: concept
Celtic (culture) (<European Iron Age styles and periods>, <ancient European styles and periods>, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the culture and styles associated with the Celts, an early Indo-European people who spread over Europe, from the British Isles and northern Spain to east of Transylvania, the Black Sea coasts, and Galatia in Anatolia, from the second millennium BCE to the first century BCE. Elements of the style persisted for centuries in southern Scandinavia and the post-Roman British Isles. It is characterized by a reference to the art of ancient Italy, Greece, and the East, combined in a new and individual style that includes a strong sense of form and structure, stylized plant, animal, and human forms, a balance of voids and ornament, vigorous vitality, and contrasts of texture.
 
Terms:
Celtic (culture) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Celts (Celtic style or culture) (C,U,English,AD,U,PN)
Keltic (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
居爾特 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
凱爾特時期 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
jū ěr tè (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ju er te (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chü erh t'e (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Keltisch (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
celte (C,U,French-P,D,U,A)
celtique (C,U,French,UF,U,U)
Céltico (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Early Western World
............ Early Western World (G)
Hierarchy of <ancient European styles and periods>
................ <ancient European styles and periods> (G)
Hierarchy of <European Iron Age styles and periods>
.................... <European Iron Age styles and periods> (G)
Hierarchy of Celtic (culture)
........................ Celtic (culture) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指稱與居爾特/凱爾特民族有所關聯的風格與時代。居爾特/凱爾特民族是一個早期的印歐民族,於西元前第一個千禧年間散居在歐洲全境,自不列顛群島與西班牙北部至外西凡尼亞(Transylvania)的東部、黑海沿岸,乃至安那托利亞(Anatolia)的加拉太(Galatia)地區。此種風格的元素在斯堪地那維亞半島的南部,以及羅馬時期之後的不列顛群島上延續了好幾個世紀的時間。其特徵為以一種嶄新的獨立風格結合古義大利、古希臘,以及東方藝術的影響,此風格具有一種的形式與結構感、充滿風格化的植物、動物以及人體形式,在空白與裝飾之間的取得的平衡感、活潑有力的生動感,以及不同質感的對比。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de stijl en periode die wordt geassocieerd met de Kelten, een vroeg Indo-Europees volk dat zich over Europa verspreidde van de Britse eilanden en het noorden van Spanje tot het oosten van Transsylvanië, de kusten van de Zwarte Zee en Galatia in Anatolië, van het 2de millennium tot de 1ste eeuw v. Chr. Elementen van deze stijl hielden eeuwenlang stand in het zuiden van Scandinavië en de Britse eilanden na de Romeinse tijd. De stijl kenmerkt zich door verwijzingen naar de kunst van het oude Italië, Griekenland en het Oosten, gecombineerd tot een nieuwe en individuele stijl met een sterk gevoel voor vorm en structuur, gestileerde vormen van planten, dieren en mensen, een balans tussen leegte en decoratie, krachtige vitaliteit en textuurcontrasten. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere al estilo y período asociado con los celtas, un antiguo pueblo Indoeuropeo que se extendió por Europa, desde las Islas Británicas y el norte de España al este de Transilvania, las costas del Mar Negro, y Galatia en Anatolia, desde el segundo milenio a.C. al siglo primero a.C. Los elementos del estilo se mantuvieron durante siglos en Escandinavia del sur y las Islas británicas post-romanas. Se caracteriza por una referencia al arte de Italia antigua, Grecia, y el Oriente, combinado en un nuevo e individual estilo que comprende un fuerte sentido de forma y estructura, formas vegetales, animales y humanas estilizadas, un equilibrio de espacio y ornamento, vitalidad vigorosa, y contrastes de textura. 

Related concepts:
characterized by ....  Celtic (languages)
..............................  (Indo-European (language family), <languages and writing systems by specific type>, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300389733]
involves ....  Celtic crosses (design motif)
................  (crosses (motifs), motifs, ... Design Elements (hierarchy name)) [300010048]
involves ....  Celtic religion (ancient religion)
................  (religions (belief systems, cultures), <religions and religious concepts>, Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300400843]
involves ....  Druidism (ancient religion)
................  (religions (belief systems, cultures), <religions and religious concepts>, Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300400857]
reflected in/produces ....  Celtic crosses (visual works)
........................................  (crosses (visual works), <visual works by subject type>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300264760]

Sources and Contributors:
居爾特............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
凱爾特時期............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
celte............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
..............  CHIN database (1988-)
Celtic (culture)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 121690 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT) - subhead.
.............................  Hartt, Art (1976) illustration, 371
.............................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986)
.............................  Oxford Companion to Art (1984)
.............................  Schutz, Prehistory of Germanic Europe (1983) 411
Céltico............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  TAA database (2000-)
celtique............  [CHIN / RCIP, VP]
.................  CHIN database (1988-)
Celts (Celtic style or culture)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
chü erh t'e............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
ju er te............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
jū ěr tè............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Keltic............  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Keltisch............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121690 checked 26 January 2012
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Keltic...; Celtic...
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Celtic...
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) Celtic art
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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