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ID: 300017437
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300017437

 

Record Type: concept
Native American (Americas, The, <styles, periods, and cultures by region>, Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Typically reserved to refer narrowly to the cultures of the native peoples of the United States and Canada, excluding the Eskimos and Aleuts. For the indigenous peoples of Canada use the term "First Nations." For the broader concept of the cultures of any native peoples of Central America, South America, North America, or the West Indies who are considered to belong to the Mongoloid division of the human species, use "Amerindian (culture)."
 
Terms:
Native American (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
American Indian (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Indian (Native American) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
American, Native (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Indian, American (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Native Americans (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
美洲印第安人 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
美洲原住民 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
měi zhōu yìn dì ān rén (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
mei zhou yin di an ren (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
mei chou yin ti an jen (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Indiaans (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Amerikaans Indiaans (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
Inheems Amerikaans (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
Native American (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
Amerindio (norteamericano) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Americas, The
............ Americas, The (G)
Hierarchy of Native American
................ Native American (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一般指位於西半球的原住民文化,尤指愛斯基摩人與阿留申人之外的北美洲原住民。該詞彙也可廣泛地指稱在北美洲、中美洲、南美洲或認定為蒙古人種的西印度群島等地的原住民文化。在美國用語中常以「美洲印地安人(Amerindian)」來代表此廣泛的意涵,而「美洲原住民(Native American)」則專指美國與加拿大境內,除了愛斯基摩與阿留申人之外的原住民文化。加拿大的原住民則以「第一民族(First Nation)」稱呼自己的群體;他們通常將此詞彙更廣義地用於稱呼所有的美洲原住民族群。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst meestal naar de cultuur van de inheemse bevolking van het westelijk halfrond, en in het bijzonder naar de inheemse bevolking van Noord-Amerika, met uitzondering van de Eskimo's en Aleoeten. De term wordt ook wel in breder verband gebruikt om te verwijzen naar de cultuur van alle oorspronkelijke bewoners van Noord-, Midden- en Zuid-Amerika en West-Indië die tot het Mongoolse ras worden gerekend. In het Nederlands wordt voor dit brede begrip vaak de term 'indiaan(s)' gebruikt, terwijl 'Native American' uitsluitend verwijst naar de culturen van de inheemse inwoners van de Verenigde Staten en Canada met uitzondering van de Eskimo's en de Aleoeten. Inheemse volkeren van Canada gebruiken de term ‘First Nations’ om naar hun eigen gemeenschappen te verwijzen; vaak gebruiken ze deze term ook in bredere zin om naar alle inheemse volkeren van Noord-, Midden- en Zuid-Amerika te verwijzen. 
Spanish ..... Típicamente se refiere a la cultura de los pueblos aborígenes del hemisferio occidental, particularmente los pueblos nativos de América del Norte, excluyendo los Esquimales y Aleutas. También puede usarse más ampliamente para referirse a la cultura de cualquier pueblo nativo de América del Norte, América Central, América del Sur, o las Indias Occidentales que se considera que pertenecen a la división Mongoloide de la especie humana. En uso en los Estados Unidos, el término "amerindio" es usado a menudo con este significado más amplio, con " Americano nativo " reservado para las culturas de los pueblos nativos de los Estados Unidos y Canadá, excluyendo a los Esquimales y Aleutas. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  Indian (South Asian)
..................................  (South Asian, Asian, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300018863]
has associates ....  fancy dancers
..........................  (dancers, performing artists, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300438388]
involves ....  Native North American religions
................  (religions (belief systems, cultures), <religions and religious concepts>, Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300400856]
located/reflected in ....  Indian reservations (Native American reservations)
......................................  (native peoples reservations, <settlements by occupants>, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300008506]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  Amerindian (culture)
..................................................  (Americas, The, <styles, periods, and cultures by region>, Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300389818]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  First Nations (culture)
..................................................  (Native American, Americas, The, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300343402]
reflected in/produces ....  chunkey stones
........................................  (game pieces (game elements), <card, table and board game elements>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300435737]
reflected in/produces ....  fancy shawls
........................................  (shawls, outerwear, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300438375]
reflected in/produces ....  moss bags
........................................  (costume components, <components by specific context>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300438444]
reflected in/produces ....  powwows
........................................  (meetings, events (activities), Events (hierarchy name)) [300438379]
reflected in/produces ....  ribbon shirts
........................................  (shirts (main garments), <main garments for the upper body>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300435745]
reflected in/produces ....  ribbon skirts
........................................  (skirts (garments), <main garments for the lower body>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300438436]

Sources and Contributors:
美洲印第安人............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  朗文當代大辭典 p. 47
美洲原住民............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
American Indian............  [VP]
.............................  American Heritage Dictionary (1982) 102
.............................  Avery Index (1963-)
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
American, Native............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Amerikaans Indiaans............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...................................  Mann, 1491 (2012)
...................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Amerindio (norteamericano)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
...............................................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 162
Indiaans............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Mann, 1491 (2012)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Indian (Native American)............  [VP]
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.........................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987) 971; Indian
Indian, American............  [VP]
.............................  Avery Index (1963-)
Inheems Amerikaans............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...................................  Mann, 1491 (2012)
...................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
mei chou yin ti an jen............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
mei zhou yin di an ren............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
měi zhōu yìn dì ān rén............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Native American............  [GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 126525 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Avery Index (1963-) subhead.
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "American Indian," accessed 3 June 2004
.............................  Fiedel, Prehistory of the Americas (1987) 384
.............................  Nabokov and Easton, Native American Architecture (1989) title
.............................  Native American Fine Art Movement (n.d.) title
.............................  Porter, Art of Native American Basketry (1990) title
Native American............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Mann, 1491 (2012)
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Native Americans............  [VP]
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.............................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 126525 checked 26 January 2012
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Indians; Amerinds; Indians of North America
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes (1998)
.......... Native American Cultural Property Law (2012)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Mann, 1491 (2012)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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